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It is estimated that up to 1% of people in high-income countries suffer from a leg ulcer at some time in their life. The majority of leg ulcers are associated with circulation problems; poor blood return in the veins causes venous ulcers (around 70% of ulcers) and poor blood supply to the legs causes arterial ulcers (around 22% of ulcers). Treatment of arterial leg ulcers is directed towards corre...
Chronic trophic ulcers (CTUs), especially those located over the plantar region, are a leading cause of deformity and disability in patients with leprosy. Despite the various treatment modalities available, CTUs can be chronic and refractory to treatment. The successful use of topical insulin in various types of wounds led researchers to evaluate its safety and efficacy in the treatment of plantar...
During the past decades, the prevalence of gastric and duodenal ulcers, as well as Helicobacter pylori infection, has markedly declined. We hypothesized that the decline in H. pylori prevalence has decreased the fraction of H. pylori-positive gastric and duodenal ulcers. The present study was designed to test this hypothesis in a large US population undergoing esophagogastro-duodenoscopy in commun...
Digital ulcers (DU) remain one of the most burdensome co-morbidities in systemic sclerosis. The objectives of the study were to describe patient-level stratification and to evaluate a nurse-led DU clinic service development.
Pressure ulcers (also known as pressure sores, decubitus ulcers or bedsores) are localised injuries to the skin or underlying tissue, or both. Pressure ulcers are a disabling consequence of immobility. Electrical stimulation (ES) is widely used for the treatment of pressure ulcers. However, it is not clear whether ES is effective.
In aged nursing care receivers, the prevalence of adverse skin conditions such as xerosis cutis, intertrigo, pressure ulcers or skin tears is high. Adequate skin care strategies are an effective method for maintaining and enhancing skin health and integrity in this population.
We report a case of a patient who presented with bilateral chronic painful necrotic leg ulcers. A skin biopsy revealed histopathological findings compatible with calciphylaxis, a rare phenomenon accompanied by high morbidity and mortality. Treatment options are limited and are based mainly on case reports and small series, so further research is needed in this area. This case highlights the import...
To investigate the dependability of a thermal gadget connecting to a smartphone. Comparing the exact temperature of damaged tissue with adjacent parts of the limb and to evaluate the changes in thermal conductivity of hard-to-heal wounds in patients with a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU).
Venous leg ulcers represent the most common chronic wound problem managed in Australian primary care. Despite the prevalence of the condition, there is an evidence-practice gap in both diagnosis and management of venous leg ulcers.
The present study aimed to evaluate the healing process of ulcers in the jugal mucosa of Wistar rats treated with abatacept. The rats were randomly assigned to four groups: saline-treated control (0.3 ml / kg) abatacept-treated groups at dosages of 3.2, 8.0 and 20.0 mg/kg/week. After two weeks of subcutaneous (SC) administration, ulcers were introduced into the left jugal mucosa with an 8-mm d...
Pressure ulcers (PUs) nowadays are a major health problem in society, associated with increased morbidity and increased health care costs. The incidence of HAPU is an indicator of health care quality.
Diabetic foot complications now represent the 10th leading cause of disease burden and disability. Wound healing is impaired, leading to chronic ulceration. Local high oxygen concentration is required by the metabolically active cells in the wound, which may render the region hypoxic, even in the absence of peripheral arterial disease. Therefore, the contribution of hyperbaric oxygen to improved h...
Individuals with diabetes may develop diabetic foot ulcers due to diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Multiple factors influence the ulcer healing process; oxygen helps in facilitating the different stages of wound healing.
Although patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) present with various gastrointestinal disorders, little has been understood regarding the incidence and pathophysiology of gastrointestinal ulcers related to AN. A 20-year-old woman with a past history of AN was hospitalized for further examination of dysphagia and chest pain. Her nutritional status was very poor as evidenced by very low body mass index...
When immobile or neuropathic patients are supported by beds or chairs, their soft tissues undergo deformations that can cause pressure ulcers. Current support surfaces that redistribute under-body pressures at vulnerable body sites have not succeeded in reducing pressure ulcer prevalence. Here we show that adding a supporting lateral pressure can counter-act the deformations induced by under-body ...
Recurrent or occasional aphthous lesions represent a painful oral condition with high prevalence. Since the etiology is still unclear and most likely related to a dysfunction in the local immune system, several treatment strategies have been proposed, including systemic agents, local agents, and laser therapy, to reduce the pain and discomfort for the patient without acting on the causes.
Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most frequent type of congenital sex-chromosomal disorder caused by at least one extra X chromosome and commonly treated with lifetime testosterone therapy. Ulcerative lesions on lower extremities may occur as a complication of KS. The pathogenesis of ulcers in KS patients has not been clarified on a molecular level. Here we present a case of leg ulcers exacerbatio...
To validate the ability of factors to predict infection in adults with chronic leg ulcers over a 12-week period.
Withdrawal: Lansoprazole protects and heals gastric mucosa from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastropathy by inhibiting mitochondrial as well as Fas-mediated death pathways with concurrent induction of mucosal cell renewal.
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is an anomaly of the normal functioning of the venous system caused by valvular incompetence with or without the obstruction of venous flow. This condition can affect either or both of the superficial and the deep venous systems. Venous dysfunction can even result in congenital or acquired disorders, and its complications include venous leg ulcers (VLUs). The obj...
Patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) are prone to developing complications such as slow-healing venous leg ulcers.
Anti-cancer drugs have many adverse effects including vascular side effects. Herein we present the case of a patient presenting digital ischaemia with high imputability of ipilimumab.
Diabetic ulcers, gangrene, local infections and other traumatic symptoms of wound healing are all directly related. Promoting the early healing of diabetic cutaneous ulcers (DCU) and reducing the disability and treatment costs is an important research project integrating traditional Chinese and Western medicine. Nitric oxide (NO) is a key component of wound healing, and endogenous NO secretion is ...
Recent advances in small-bowel endoscopy such as capsule endoscopy have shown that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) frequently damage the small intestine, with the prevalence rate of mucosal breaks of around 50% in chronic users. A significant proportion of patients with NSAIDs-induced enteropathy are asymptomatic, but some patients develop symptomatic or complicated ulcers that need...