Psychiatry Research

21:51 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Examination of ataque de nervios and ataque de nervios like events in a diverse sample of adults with anxiety disorders.

Ataque de nervios (ataque) represents a cultural syndrome of paroxysmic symptoms that is described as an expression of distress among Latinx (gender-inclusive term for people of Latin-American descent). Some ataques are symptomatically similar to DSM-5-defined panic attacks, but also may include acute anger, grief, suicidal/violent behavior, or dissociation, and can last for hours or even days. At...

Determinants of suboptimal medication adherence in patients with a major depressive episode.

Major Depression (MD) is often a chronic condition requiring a long-term pharmacologic treatment. Despite the efficacy of antidepressants, the medication adherence in those affected is usually very poor. In this scenario, further research concerning drivers of suboptimal adherence is needed. We aimed to explore medication adherence in patients with a MD episode, and to identify sociodemographic, c...

Exercise and mental health literacy in an Australian adult population.

Exercise is a well-established treatment for depression, and its use in clinical care is supported by consumers and clinicians. However, whether public health messages regarding the benefits of exercise for depression have translated to public knowledge remains unknown. This study aims to examine the community's mental health literacy, and views regarding exercise delivery for people with depressi...

Meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and anxiety or depression.

Assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for depression and anxiety in people with dementia (PWD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Factors Associated With Educational Support in Young Adolescents With ADHD.

This study aimed to examine patterns of use and factors associated with education support use in students with ADHD during early adolescence.

"We're stronger if we work together": experiences of naturally occurring peer support in an inpatient setting.

Research on peer support in mental health inpatient settings has focussed on formalised programmes. Naturally occurring peer support - spontaneous interactions without structure or roles - has received little attention.

Structural, vibrational and electronic properties of the superconductor CuTiSe: theoretical and experimental insights.

The crystal/electronic structure and vibrational properties of the CuxTiSe2 intercalation compounds were studied combining experimental and theoretical techniques. The Cu added into the TiSe2 matrix was characterized as an intercalant atom into van der Waals gaps from Raman spectroscopy analysis. Theoretical and experimental data indicate the Cu-intercalation effect on the crystalline structure as...

Revictimization as a high-risk factor for development of posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review of the literature.

Much research has been published on the role of sexual revictimization in the emergence of mental disorders in adulthood, but findings have sometimes been contradictory. The present systematic review sought to assess the state of the evidence on revictimization as a potential factor for the emergence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Noninvasive brain stimulation in psychiatric disorders: a primer.

Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), are increasingly being used to treat mental disorders, particularly major depression. The aim of this comprehensive review is to summarize the main advances, limitations, and perspectives of the field.

PTSD in mental health outpatient settings: highly prevalent and under-recognized.

To estimate the current prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the diagnosis rate of this disorder ascertained by psychiatrists in training.

Studying ICD-11 Primary Health Care bodily stress syndrome in Brazil: do many functional disorders represent just one syndrome?

Disorders characterized by "distressing unexplained somatic symptoms" are challenging. In the ICD-11 Primary Health Care (PHC) Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Mental Disorders (ICD-11 PHC), a new category, bodily stress syndrome (BSS), was included to diagnose patients presenting unexplained somatic symptoms. The present study investigated the association of BSS with anxiety, depression...

Eating disorder symptoms in Brazilian university students: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To synthesize the risk of eating disorder (ED) symptoms in Brazilian university students through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Secondary goals were to analyze whether any specific majors were related to higher ED risk and whether any regions of Brazil had higher proportions of college students at risk of ED.

Telomere length and childhood trauma in Colombians with depressive symptoms.

Childhood trauma and telomere length (TL) are important risk factors for major depressive disorder. We examined whether there was an association between childhood trauma and TL in a sample of Colombians who were assessed for depressive symptoms.

Efficacy of adjunctive Garcinia mangostana Linn (mangosteen) pericarp for bipolar depression: study protocol for a proof-of-concept trial.

Bipolar depression is characterized by neurobiological features including perturbed oxidative biology, reduction in antioxidant levels, and a concomitant rise in oxidative stress markers. Bipolar depression manifests systemic inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and changes in brain growth factors. The depressive phase of the disorder is the most common and responds the least to conventional t...

Family burden, social support and community health in caregivers of people with serious mental disorder.

To identify caregivers' level of burden and analyze the factors associated with family care in mental health.

Quality Assessment for the Putative Intrinsic Disorder in Proteins.

While putative intrinsic disorder is widely used, none of the predictors provides quality assessment (QA) scores. QA scores estimate the likelihood that predictions are correct at a residue level and have been applied in other bioinformatics areas. We recently reported that QA scores derived from putative disorder propensities perform relatively poorly for native disordered residues. Here we desig...

Integrated, Co-located, Telemedicine-based Treatment Approaches for Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Management in Opioid Use Disorder Patients on Methadone.

Despite high hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence, opioid use disorder (OUD) patients on methadone rarely engage in HCV treatment. We investigated the effectiveness of HCV management via telemedicine in an opioid substitution therapy (OST) program.

Work-Related Upper Limb Symptoms in Hand-Intensive Health Care Occupations: A Cross-Sectional Study With a Health and Safety Perspective.

Research with physical therapists reveals high rates of work-related musculoskeletal injuries, especially low back pain, with early career onset. Less focus has been given to upper limb disorder (ULD) in these professionals who are frequently performing repetitive arm/hand and precision finger motions during work.

Is Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (Bdnf) Associated With Smoking Initiation? Replication Using a Large Finnish Population Sample.

Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a growth factor in the central nervous system. There is evidence for the involvement of BDNF in addictions and mental disorders. We aimed to replicate the earlier reported association of a functional genetic variant of BDNF with smoking initiation (SI) using a large population-based sample, and to test whether the association is independent of depression...

Heterotypic trajectories of dimensional psychopathology across the lifespan: the case of youth-onset attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Recent studies have demonstrated the existence of a distinct late-onset attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) trajectory. Our objective is to test if there are distinct ADHD trajectories regarding age of onset from childhood to adolescence and to compare clinical manifestations, cognitive functions and genetic risk for ADHD among distinct longitudinal groups.

Forward arm extension as a cue for gait initiation in Parkinson's patients.

Interrater and intrarater agreement on the 2018 consensus statement on classification of tremors.

Pathways from parental mental disorders to offspring's work disability due to depressive or anxiety disorders in early adulthood-The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort.

Parental mental disorders have been shown to predict offspring's mental health problems. We examined whether pathways from parental mental disorders to offspring's psychiatric work disability in early adulthood are mediated through offspring's mental disorders and social disadvantage in adolescence.

The mediating effect of family function and medication adherence between symptoms and mental disability among Chinese patients with schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study.

Schizophrenia is a debilitating, chronic, and high-refractory mental illness. Researchers should focus considerable attention to patients with mental disability. This study aims to explore the mediating effect of family function and medication adherence between symptoms and mental disability among Chinese patients with schizophrenia during the convalescent stage. Data from a cross-sectional sample...

Effects of Exergaming on Physical and Cognitive Functions in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.

The increase in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) population triggers a deep concern within public health. This alarming trend stresses the need for the development of effective strategies that might aid with this growing population. Exergaming has several advantages as an ASD intervention, such as flexible play, a private space for exercise, and diverse types of physical activity. The study aims to ...

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