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Public Health Research

03:56 EST 24th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Current views of depressive disorders in children - a review.

Depression is one of the most debilitating worldwide mental illnesses, which is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The main risk factors for the development of depression are female gender, early life stress family history of mood disorders, former anxiety disorders, substance abuse and life events. The present review article is focused on the various causative ...

After-action review of the 2009-10 H1N1 Influenza Outbreak Response: Ohio's Public Health System's performance.

In early 2009, H1N1 influenza was identified within the human population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officials responded with focused assessment, policy development, and assurances. The response was mobilized through efforts including procurement of adequate vaccine supply, local area span of control, materials acquisition, and facilities and resource identification.

Square Pegs; Round Holes: Our Healthcare System Is Failing Seriously Ill Older Americans in Their Last Years.

Medicaid Cost Savings of a Preventive Home Visit Program for Disabled Older Adults.

Little is known about cost savings of programs that reduce disability in older adults. The objective was to determine whether the Community Aging in Place, Advancing Better Living for Elders (CAPABLE) program saves Medicaid more money than it costs to provide.

Targeting Function at Home in Older Adults: How to Promote and Disseminate Promising Models of Care?

Therapeutic potency of mTOR signaling pharmacological inhibitors in the treatment of proinflammatory diseases, current status and perspectives.

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway controls cell energy metabolism. There is an interplay between mTOR and proinflammatory signaling pathways, supporting the role of the pathway in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Inhibition of mTOR signaling using specific pharmacological inhibitors could offer therapeutic promise in several inflammatory-associated diseases. In this ...

Insecticide susceptibility status in Mexican populations of Stegomyia aegypti (= Aedes aegypti): a nationwide assessment.

In Mexico, mosquito vector-borne diseases are of public health concern as a result of their impact on human morbidity and mortality. The use of insecticides against adult mosquitoes is one of the most common ways of controlling mosquito population densities. However, the use of these compounds has resulted in the development of insecticide resistance. The aim of this study was to estimate suscepti...

A novel public health threat - high lead solder in stainless steel rainwater tanks in Tasmania.

We identified two water tanks in Tasmania with water lead concentrations exceeding the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG) limit; they had been constructed with stainless steel and high-lead solder from a single manufacturer. An investigation was initiated to identify all tanks constructed by this manufacturer and prevent further exposure to contaminated water.

Many encephalitis cases still a medical mystery.

Capturing and missing the patient's story through outcome measures: A thematic comparison of patient-generated items in PSYCHLOPS with CORE-OM and PHQ-9.

There is increasing interest in individualized patient-reported outcome measures (I-PROMS), where patients themselves indicate the specific problems they want to address in therapy and these problems are used as items within the outcome measurement tool.

Physical activity coaching by Australian Exercise Physiologists is cost effective for patients referred from general practice.

Interventions to promote physical activity for sedentary patients seen in general practice may be a way to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Coaching by an exercise physiologist is publicly funded in Australia, but cost effectiveness has not been documented.

Rehabilitation and convalescent hospital stay in New South Wales: an analysis of 3,979 women aged 75.

With a rapidly ageing population, it is imperative to examine health service costs and plan appropriately for the future. This paper determines the factors related to extended hospital stay for 'Rehabilitation' or 'Convalescence', as defined by ICD-10 coding, in acute hospital settings for older women in New South Wales, Australia.

An Australian hospital's training program and referral pathway within a multi-disciplinary health-justice partnership addressing family violence.

An innovative health-justice partnership was established to deliver legal assistance to women experiencing family violence who attended an Australian hospital. This paper reports on a multifaceted response to build capacity and willingness of health professionals to identify signs of family violence and engage with referral pathways to on-site legal assistance.

High rates of hospitalised burn injury in Indigenous children living in remote areas: a population data linkage study.

Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP): A Versatile Technique for Detection of Microorganisms.

Loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) amplifies DNA with high specificity, efficiency, and rapidity under isothermal conditions by using a DNA polymerase with high displacement strand activity and a set of specifically designed primers to amplify targeted DNA strands. Following its first discovery by Notomi et al. in the year 2000, LAMP was further developed over the years which involved ...

Association between adolescents' consumption of total and different types of sugar-sweetened beverages with oral health impacts and weight status.

To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status.

Diabetes-related complications: Which research topics matter to diverse patients and caregivers?

Diabetes is a chronic disease with increasing prevalence worldwide. Although research has improved its treatment and management, little is known about which research topics matter to people living with diabetes, particularly among under-represented groups.

Using Teams to Improve Outcomes and Performance.

Mastering the use of teams in healthcare organizations can maximize outcomes and optimize the use of resources. Most work in healthcare organizations is done by teams, whether it's the clinical team taking care of patients on a unit, the leadership team accountable for operations of the organization, or a team formed to solve a specific problem, improve quality, or plan an event. Effective teams m...

Restless Legs Syndrome and Sleep Quality in Patients on Hemodialysis.

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common health problem in patients on hemodialysis. This descriptive study was carried out with patients from a hemodialysis unit in the province of Eskişehir, Turkey. Of the 317 patients in the unit, 244 (77.0%) comprised the study group. RLS was assessed by diagnostic criteria defined by the International RLS Working Group, sleep quality by the Pittsburgh Sleep ...

Bioconjugate Strategies for the Induction of Antigen-specific Tolerance in Autoimmune Diseases.

Antigen-specific immunotherapy (ASI) holds great promise for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. In mice, administration of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) binding synthetic peptides which modulate T cell receptor (TCR) signaling under subimmunogenic conditions induces selective tolerance without suppressing the global immune responses. However, clinical translation has yielded limited su...

Enhancement of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Prevention Behavior With Role Play Among Elementary School Students.

Tuberculosis as an infectious disease is increasing in both the number of cases and severity of impact, and the number of cases among school-aged children is also increasing. Health promotion campaigns in schools have not been intensive, and there is poor behavior in tuberculosis prevention. Role play-playing roles actively with provided materials-is one health education method that can empower sc...

The Experience of Young Women Living in a Prostitution Area in Maintaining Their Reproductive Health.

Young women face a difficult situation when they live in a prostitution area or red light district. A phenomenological approach was applied to explore the experiences in maintaining reproductive health of 10 young women living in the prostitution area in Lampung, one of the provinces in Sumatra. Thematic content analysis found 7 themes including: (1) The participants' perception of prostitution as...

Relationship of PTSD with impulsivity dimensions while controlling the effect of anxiety and depression in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with impulsivity dimensions while controlling the effect of anxiety and depression in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD).

Building Capacity for Evidence-Based Public Health: Reconciling the Pulls of Practice and the Push of Research.

Timely implementation of principles of evidence-based public health (EBPH) is critical for bridging the gap between discovery of new knowledge and its application. Public health organizations need sufficient capacity (the availability of resources, structures, and workforce to plan, deliver, and evaluate the preventive dose of an evidence-based intervention) to move science to practice. We review ...

Precision Medicine from a Public Health Perspective.

Over the past decade, precision medicine (PM) approaches have received significant investment to create new therapies, learn more about disease processes, and potentially prevent diseases before they arise. However, in many ways, PM investments may come at the expense of existing public health measures that could have a greater impact on population health. As we tackle burgeoning public health con...

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