Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility: No evidence of carcinogenicity was observed in female and male mice at doses ranging from 2.4 to 18.8 mg/kg sodium fluoride of body weight (3,4). Equivocal evidence of carcinogenicity was reported in male rats at doses ranging from 2.5 to 4.1 mg/kg fluoride, but no evidence of carcinogenicity was observed in female rats (3,4). In another study, no carcinogenicity was observed in rats treated with fluoride up to 25 mg/kg of body weight (5). Overall, epidemiological studies do not show an association between fluoridated drinking water and increased cancer risk in humans (7).
Geriatric use: No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between geriatric and younger patients. This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, therefore the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.
ADVERSE REACTIONS: Developing teeth of children under age 6 may become permanently discolored if excessive amounts are repeatedly swallowed. The following adverse reactions are possible in individuals hypersensitive to fluoride: eczema, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, gastric distress, headache and weakness. In patients with mucositis, gingival tissues may be hypersensitive to the flavor.
REFERENCES: (1.) Wellock, W.D. and Brudevold, F.: Arch. Oral Biol., 10, 453-460 (1965) (2.) Jiang, H et al.: J. Dent, 33, 469-473 (2005) (3.) National Toxicology Program: NTP TR 393, NIH Publication 91-2842, (1990) (4.) Bucker, J.R. et al.: Int. J. Cancer 48, 733-737 (1991) (5.) Maurer, J.K. et al.: J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 82, 1118-1126 (1990) (6) Martin, G.R. et al.: Mutat. Res. 66, 159-167 (1979) (7.) Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry: Toxicological Profile for Fluoride (2003)(8.) Aardema, M.J. et al.: Mutat. Res. 331 (1), 171-172 (9.) National Research Council: Fluoride in Drinking Water (2006) (10.) Heindel, J.J. et al.: Fundam Appl Toxicol, 30, 162-177 (1996) (11.) Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board: Dietary Reference Intakes (1997) (12.) Collins, T.F. et al.: Food Chem. Toxicol. 33 (11), 951-960 (13.) Collins, T.F. et al.: Food Chem Toxicol. 39 (8), 867-876
Minute Foam Label
Oral B Neutra Foam
10037-M Mint Foam DentiCare Pro-Foam 2.72 % Topical Sodium Fluoride
kolorz Sixty Second Fluoride Foam Triple Mint
Package.Label Principal Display Panel
Package.Label Principal Display Panel
This is a research study to verify the same effectiveness and safety profile for the test products, nicotine 2 mg gum and nicotine 4 mg gum, as for the already approved products, Nicorette...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new treatment for nasal polyps as compared to placebo (an inactive substance). The treatment involved is mint tea high...
Calcipotriene is a vitamin D3 analog that has been used as topical therapy in adult subjects with plaque-type psoriasis since 1993. Calcipotriene foam, 0.005%, was approved in 2010 for the...
This study will investigate the safety and efficacy of a new formulation of an existing medication for the treatment papulopustular rosacea. The study will test the active ingredient plus ...
The objectives of this study were to compare the safety and efficacy profiles of a generic Azelaic Acid Foam, 15% to the reference listed Finacea® (azelaic acid) Foam, 15% and to demonstr...
Mint plants could theoretically serve as companion plants (CPs) that attract enemies of herbivores in tritrophic interactions. In order to explore the traits of mint volatiles as attractant cues for e...
The effects of using freeze-dried extracts (FDEs) of spearmint ( Mentha spicata), fennel ( Foeniculum vulgare), and turmeric ( Curcuma longa) as well as adjusting the baking temperature and time on ac...
It is difficult to differentiate drowning from postmortem submersion. Pulmonary foam can be found in bodies retrieved from water. It is unknown whether foam is a result of drowning or if it also forms...
This study demonstrated rapid degradation of malachite green (MG) by a microwave (MW)-induced enhanced catalytic process with CoFeO-SiC foam. The catalyst was synthesized from CoFeO particles and SiC ...
Fertility is the ability of a couple to conceive, but can related to specifically the man or woman. Various reasons can cause a couple to be infertile, and due to the strong desire of these patients to have <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->children, a range of ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...