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These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ARIMIDEX safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ARIMIDEX. Initial U.S. Approval: 1995 | Arimidex

05:09 EDT 27th August 2014 | BioPortfolio

Note: While we endeavour to keep our records up-to-date one should not rely on these details being accurate without first consulting a professional. Click here to read our full medical disclaimer.

ARIMIDEX is indicated for adjuvant treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer.

ARIMIDEX is indicated for the first-line treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive or hormone receptor unknown locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

ARIMIDEX is indicated for the treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women with disease progression following tamoxifen therapy. Patients with ER-negative disease and patients who did not respond to previous tamoxifen therapy rarely responded to ARIMIDEX.

The dose of ARIMIDEX is one 1 mg tablet taken once a day. For patients with advanced breast cancer, ARIMIDEX should be continued until tumor progression. ARIMIDEX can be taken with or without food.

For adjuvant treatment of early breast cancer in postmenopausal women, the optimal duration of therapy is unknown. In the ATAC trial ARIMIDEX was administered for five years [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

No dosage adjustment is necessary for patients with renal impairment or for elderly patients [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

No changes in dose are recommended for patients with mild-to-moderate hepatic impairment. ARIMIDEX has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

The tablets are white, biconvex, film-coated containing 1 mg of anastrozole. The tablets are impressed on one side with a logo consisting of a letter “A” (upper case) with an arrowhead attached to the foot of the extended right leg of the “A” and on the reverse with the tablet strength marking “Adx 1”.

ARIMIDEX may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman and offers no clinical benefit to premenopausal women with breast cancer. ARIMIDEX is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women using ARIMIDEX. If ARIMIDEX is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus or potential risk for loss of the pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

ARIMIDEX is contraindicated in any patient who has shown a hypersensitivity reaction to the drug or to any of the excipients. Observed reactions include anaphylaxis, angioedema, and urticaria [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

In women with pre-existing ischemic heart disease, an increased incidence of ischemic cardiovascular events was observed with ARIMIDEX in the ATAC trial (17% of patients on ARIMIDEX and 10% of patients on tamoxifen). Consider risk and benefits of ARIMIDEX therapy in patients with pre-existing ischemic heart disease [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

Results from the ATAC trial bone substudy at 12 and 24 months demonstrated that patients receiving ARIMIDEX had a mean decrease in both lumbar spine and total hip bone mineral density (BMD) compared to baseline. Patients receiving tamoxifen had a mean increase in both lumbar spine and total hip BMD compared to baseline [see Adverse Reactions, (6.1)].

During the ATAC trial, more patients receiving ARIMIDEX were reported to have an elevated serum cholesterol compared to patients receiving tamoxifen (9% versus 3.5%, respectively) [see Adverse Reactions, (6.1)].

Serious adverse reactions with ARIMIDEX occurring in less than 1 in 10,000 patients, are: 1) skin reactions such as lesions, ulcers, or blisters; 2) allergic reactions with swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and/or throat. This may cause difficulty in swallowing and/or breathing; and 3) changes in blood tests of the liver function, including inflammation of the liver with symptoms that may include a general feeling of not being well, with or without jaundice, liver pain or liver swelling [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Common adverse reactions (occurring with an incidence of >10%) in women taking ARIMIDEX included: hot flashes, asthenia, arthritis, pain, arthralgia, pharyngitis, hypertension, depression, nausea and vomiting, rash, osteoporosis, fractures, back pain, insomnia, pain, headache, bone pain, peripheral edema, increased cough, dyspnea, pharyngitis and lymphedema.

In the ATAC trial, the most common reported adverse reaction (>0.1%) leading to discontinuation of therapy for both treatment groups was hot flashes, although there were fewer patients who discontinued therapy as a result of hot flashes in the ARIMIDEX group.

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Adverse reaction data for adjuvant therapy are based on the ATAC trial [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. The median duration of adjuvant treatment for safety evaluation was 59.8 months and 59.6 months for patients receiving ARIMIDEX 1 mg and tamoxifen 20 mg, respectively.

Adverse reactions occurring with an incidence of at least 5% in either treatment group during treatment or within 14 days of the end of treatment are presented in Table 1.

Certain adverse reactions and combinations of adverse reactions were prospectively specified for analysis, based on the known pharmacologic properties and side effect profiles of the two drugs (See table 2).

Ischemic Cardiovascular Events

Between treatment arms in the overall population of 6186 patients, there was no statistical difference in ischemic cardiovascular events (4% ARIMIDEX vs. 3% tamoxifen). In the overall population, angina pectoris was reported in 71/3092 (2.3%) patients in the ARIMIDEX arm and 51/3094 (1.6%) patients in the tamoxifen arm; myocardial infarction was reported in 37/3092 (1.2%) patients in the ARIMIDEX arm and 34/3094 (1.1%) patients in the tamoxifen arm.

In women with pre-existing ischemic heart disease 465/6186 (7.5%), the incidence of ischemic cardiovascular events was 17% in patients on ARIMIDEX and 10% in patients on tamoxifen. In this patient population, angina pectoris was reported in 25/216 (11.6%) patients receiving ARIMIDEX and 13/249 (5.2%) patients receiving tamoxifen; myocardial infarction was reported in 2/216 (0.9%) patients receiving ARIMIDEX and 8/249 (3.2%) patients receiving tamoxifen.

Bone Mineral Density Findings

Results from the ATAC trial bone substudy at 12 and 24 months demonstrated that patients receiving ARIMIDEX had a mean decrease in both lumbar spine and total hip bone mineral density (BMD) compared to baseline. Patients receiving tamoxifen had a mean increase in both lumbar spine and total hip BMD compared to baseline.

Because ARIMIDEX lowers circulating estrogen levels it may cause a reduction in bone mineral density.

A post-marketing trial assessed the combined effects of ARIMIDEX and the bisphosphonate risedronate on changes from baseline in BMD and markers of bone resorption and formation in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive early breast cancer. All patients received calcium and vitamin D supplementation. At 12 months, small reductions in lumbar spine bone mineral density were noted in patients not receiving bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonate treatment preserved bone density in most patients at risk of fracture.

Postmenopausal women with early breast cancer scheduled to be treated with ARIMIDEX should have their bone status managed according to treatment guidelines already available for postmenopausal women at similar risk of fragility fracture.

Cholesterol

During the ATAC trial, more patients receiving ARIMIDEX were reported to have an elevated serum cholesterol compared to patients receiving tamoxifen (9% versus 3.5%, respectively).

A post-marketing trial also evaluated any potential effects of ARIMIDEX on lipid profile. In the primary analysis population for lipids (ARIMIDEX alone), there was no clinically significant change in LDL-C from baseline to 12 months and HDL-C from baseline to 12 months.

In secondary population for lipids (ARIMIDEX+risedronate), there also was no clinically significant change in LDL-C and HDL-C from baseline to 12 months.

In both populations for lipids, there was no clinically significant difference in total cholesterol (TC) or serum triglycerides (TG) at 12 months compared with baseline.

In this trial, treatment for 12 months with ARIMIDEX alone had a neutral effect on lipid profile. Combination treatment with ARIMIDEX and risedronate also had a neutral effect on lipid profile.

The trial provides evidence that postmenopausal women with early breast cancer scheduled to be treated with ARIMIDEX should be managed using the current National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines for cardiovascular risk-based management of individual patients with LDL elevations.

Other Adverse Reactions

Patients receiving ARIMIDEX had an increase in joint disorders (including arthritis, arthrosis and arthralgia) compared with patients receiving tamoxifen. Patients receiving ARIMIDEX had an increase in the incidence of all fractures (specifically fractures of spine, hip and wrist) [315 (10%)] compared with patients receiving tamoxifen [209 (7%)].

Patients receiving ARIMIDEX had a higher incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome [78 (2.5%)] compared with patients receiving tamoxifen [22 (0.7%)].

Vaginal bleeding occurred more frequently in the tamoxifen-treated patients versus the ARIMIDEX-treated patients 317 (10%) versus 167 (5%), respectively.

Patients receiving ARIMIDEX had a lower incidence of hot flashes, vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, endometrial cancer, venous thromboembolic events and ischemic cerebrovascular events compared with patients receiving tamoxifen.

Table 1 - Adverse reactions occurring with an incidence of at least 5% in either treatment group during treatment, or within 14 days of the end of treatment
Body system and adverse reactions by COSTARTpreferred term ARIMIDEX 1 mg (NN=Number of patients receiving the treatment. = 3092) Tamoxifen 20 mg (N = 3094)
Body as a whole
Asthenia 575 (19) 544 (18)
Pain 533 (17) 485 (16)
Back pain 321 (10) 309 (10)
Headache 314 (10) 249 (8)
Abdominal pain 271 (9) 276 (9)
Infection 285 (9) 276 (9)
Accidental injury 311 (10) 303 (10)
Flu syndrome 175 (6) 195 (6)
Chest pain 200 (7) 150 (5)
Neoplasm 162 (5) 144 (5)
Cyst 138 (5) 162 (5)
Cardiovascular
Vasodilatation 1104 (36) 1264 (41)
Hypertension 402 (13) 349 (11)
Digestive
Nausea 343 (11) 335 (11)
Constipation 249 (8) 252 (8)
Diarrhea 265 (9) 216 (7)
Dyspepsia 206 (7) 169 (6)
Gastrointestinal disorder 210 (7) 158 (5)
Hemic and lymphatic
Lymphoedema 304 (10) 341 (11)
Anemia 113 (4) 159 (5)
Metabolic and nutritional
Peripheral edema 311 (10) 343 (11)
Weight gain 285 (9) 274 (9)
Hypercholesterolemia 278 (9) 108 (3.5)
Musculoskeletal
Arthritis 512 (17) 445 (14)
Arthralgia 467 (15) 344 (11)
Osteoporosis 325 (11) 226 (7)
Fracture 315 (10) 209 (7)
Bone pain 201 (7) 185 (6)
Arthrosis 207 (7) 156 (5)
Joint Disorder 184 (6) 160 (5)
Myalgia 179 (6) 160 (5)
Nervous system
Depression 413 (13) 382 (12)
Insomnia 309 (10) 281 (9)
Dizziness 236 (8) 234 (8)
Anxiety 195 (6) 180 (6)
Paraesthesia 215 (7) 145 (5)
Respiratory
Pharyngitis 443 (14) 422 (14)
Cough increased 261 (8) 287 (9)
Dyspnea 234 (8) 237 (8)
Sinusitis 184 (6) 159 (5)
Bronchitis 167 (5) 153 (5)
Skin and appendages
Rash 333 (11) 387 (13)
Sweating 145 (5) 177 (6)
Special Senses
Cataract Specified 182 (6) 213 (7)
Urogenital
Leukorrhea 86 (3) 286 (9)
Urinary tract infection 244 (8) 313 (10)
Breast pain 251 (8) 169 (6)
Breast Neoplasm 164 (5) 139 (5)
Vulvovaginitis 194 (6) 150 (5)
Vaginal Hemorrhage 122 (4) 180 (6)
Vaginitis 125 (4) 158 (5)

Manufacturer

Physicians Total Care, Inc.

Active Ingredients

Source

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Arimidex [AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP]

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Table 2 — Number of Patients with Pre-specified Adverse Reaction in ATAC Trial
ARIMIDEX N=3092 (%) Tamoxifen N=3094 (%) Odds-ratio 95% CI
Hot Flashes 1104 (36) 1264 (41) 0.80 0.73 − 0.89
Musculoskeletal Events 1100 (36) 911 (29) 1.32 1.19 − 1.47
Fatigue/Asthenia 575 (19) 544 (18) 1.07 0.94 − 1.22
Mood Disturbances 597 (19) 554 (18) 1.10 0.97 − 1.25
Nausea and Vomiting 393 (13) 384 (12) 1.03 0.88 − 1.19
All Fractures 315 (10) 209 (7) 1.57 1.30 − 1.88
Fractures of Spine, Hip, or Wrist 133 (4) 91 (3) 1.48 1.13 − 1.95
Wrist/Colles’ fractures 67 (2) 50 (2)
Spine fractures 43 (1) 22 (1)
Hip fractures 28 (1) 26 (1)
Cataracts 182 (6) 213 (7) 0.85 0.69 − 1.04