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Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, solution of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) in Water for Injection. It is added to an appropriate local anesthetic as a neutralizing agent immediately prior to administration. The solution contains no bacteriostat, antimicrobial agent or added buffer and is intended only for single-use. pH is adjusted with carbon dioxide. Per the USP monograph for Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., pH is between 7.0 and 8.5. Osmolar concentration is 2mOsmol/mL (calc.).Sodium bicarbonate, 84 mg is equal to one milliequivalent each of Na+ and HCO3-. Sodium Bicarbonate, USP is chemically designated as NaHC03, a white crystalline powder soluble in water. Sodium bicarbonate in water dissociates to provide sodium (Na+) and bicarbonate (HCO3-) ions. Sodium (Na+) is the principal cation of the extracellular fluid and plays a large part in the therapy of fluid and electrolyte disturbances. Bicarbonate (HCO3-) is a normal constituent of body fluids and the normal plasma level ranges from 24 to 31 mEq/liter. Bicarbonate anion is considered “labile” since at a proper concentration of hydrogen ion (H+) it may be converted to carbonic acid (H2CO3) and thence to its volatile form, carbon dioxide (CO2) excreted by the lung. Normally a ratio of 1:20 (carbonic acid; bicarbonate) is present in the extracellular fluid. In a healthy adult with normal kidney function, practically all the glomerular filtered bicarbonate ion is reabsorbed; less than 1% is excreted in the urine.Non-neutral parenteral solutions with a low (acidic) pH are known to cause chemical irritation of tissues.
Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution is indicated to: (a) hasten onset of analgesia; and (b) reduce injection pain, by adjusting commercial preparations of Lidocaine w/ Epinephrine anesthetic solution to a more physiologic pH.
Not for use as a systemic alkalizer.
Administer local anesthetic solution immediately after combining with Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution. When combining local anesthetic solution with Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution, use aseptic technique, mix thoroughly, and do not store. Do not use unless Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution is clear, colorless, and free of particulates or cloudiness, and the container or seal is intact. Do not use if the inner or outer packaging are damaged. Discard unused portion.Do not use local anesthetic combined with Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution unless the combined solution is clear, colorless, and free of particulates or cloudiness.Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter, cloudiness and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution and Lidocaine w/ Epinephrine are compatible. See Compatibility section under Sodium Bicarbonate in The Handbook on Injectable Drugs by Lawrence A. Trissel, 14th ed. 2007 (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Bethesda, MD).
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted in which Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution was evaluated. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted in which Lidocaine w/ Epinephrine that has been pH adjusted by the addition of Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution was evaluated.It is not known whether Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or whether it can affect reproduction capacity. It is not known whether Lidocaine w/ Epinephrine that has been pH adjusted by the addition of Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP Neutralizing Additive Solution can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or whether it can affect reproduction capacity.
Sodium Bicarbonate Inj., 8.4% USP is supplied in 2.7 mL or 1.7 mL single-dose cartridges, packaged in a four-cartridge package.
Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F). (See USP).
Christoph RA, Buchanan L, Begalla K, Schwartz S, Pain reduction in local anesthetic administration through pH buffering, Annals of Emergency Medicine, vol 17, no 2, p 117 (1988).
Martin AJ, pH-adjustment and discomfort caused by the intradermal injection of lignocaine, Anaesthesia, vol 45, p 975 (1990).
Masters JE, Randomised control trial of pH buffered lignocaine with adrenaline in outpatient operations, British Journal of Plastic Surgery, vol 51, p 385 (1998).
McKay W, Morris R, Mushlin P, Sodium bicarbonate attenuates pain on skin infiltration with or without epinephrine, Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol 66, p 572 (1987).
Narvaez J, Wessels I, Bacon G, Chin VR, Baqai WK, Zimmerman GJ, Prospective randomized evaluation of short-term complications when using buffered or unbuffered lidocaine 1% with epinephrine for blepharoplasty surgery, Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol 26, no1, p 33 (2010).
Talu H, Elibol O, Yanyali A, Karabas L, Alp B, Caglar Y, Effect of warming and buffering lidocaine on pain during facial anesthesia, Annals of Ophthalmology, vol 33, no 1, p 43 (2001).
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Drug Facts for Sodium Bicarbonate 650 mg
SODIUM BICARBONATE 10 gr (650 mg)
SODIUM BICARBONATE USP, ORAL POWDER
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