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Magnesium Chloride Injection is a sterile solution ofMagnesium Chloride Hexahydrate in Water for Injectionq.s. Each mL contains Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate200 mg, Sodium Chloride 9 mg, Benzyl Alcohol 1% asa preservative, Water for Injection, q.s. pH adjustedwith Hydrochloric Acid and/or Sodium Hydroxide. Totalosmolarity equivalent to 2951 mOsm/L.Contains 1.97 mEq of Mg++ and Cl- per mL.The structural formula is MgCl2•6H2O.
Magnesium is the second most plentiful cation withincellular fluids. It is an important activator of manyenzyme systems and deficits are accompanied by avariety of functional disturbances.
As an electrolyte replenisher in magnesiumdeficiencies.
Magnesium Chloride Injection should not be administeredif there is renal impairment, marked myocardial diseaseor to comatose patients.
Do not use if a precipitate is present.
The usual precautions for parenteral administrationshould be observed. Administer with caution if flushingand sweating occurs. A preparation of a calcium saltshould be readily available for intravenous injectionto counteract potential serious signs of magnesiumintoxication. As long as deep tendon reflexes are activeit is probable that the patient will not develop respiratoryparalysis. Respiration and blood pressure should becarefully observed during and after administration ofMagnesium Chloride Injection.
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