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CALCIUM CHLORIDE INJECTION, USP 10% | Calcium Chloride [American Regent, Inc.] | BioPortfolio

12:30 EST 27th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Rx Only

100 mg/mL (13.6 mEq Calcium/10 mL)

FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY

Osmolarity 2.04 mOsmol/mL

Each mL contains: Calcium Chloride Dihydrate 100 mg in Water for Injection q.s. pH (range 5.5-7.5) adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid and/or Sodium Hydroxide. Each 10 mL contains 13.6 mEq Calcium and 13.6 mEq Chloride. The molecular weight is 147.02 and the molecular formula is CaCl•2HO. Sterile, nonpyrogenic.

Calcium is the fifth most abundant element in the body; the major fraction is in bone.  It is essential for the functional integrity of the nervous and muscular systems, for normal cardiac contractility and the coagulation of blood. It also functions as an enzyme cofactor and affects the secretory activity of endocrine and exocrine glands.

Calcium Chloride is indicated in the immediate treatment of hypocalcemic tetany.  Other therapy, such as parathyroid hormone or vitamin D, may be indicated according to the etiology of the tetany. It is also important to institute oral calcium therapy as soon as practicable. Calcium salts have been used as adjunctive therapy in a number of conditions, including the following:

In cardiac resuscitation, the use of calcium chloride is contraindicated in the presence of ventricular fibrillation.

If neonates are required, or expected to require, treatment with calcium-containing IV solutions, including continuous calcium-containing infusions such as parenteral nutrition, ceftriaxone sodium injection is contraindicated because of the risk of precipitation of ceftriaxone-calcium.

A small number of cases of fatal outcomes in which a crystalline material was observed in the lungs and kidneys at autopsy have been reported in neonates receiving calcium containing fluids and ceftriaxone.  In some of these cases, the same intravenous infusion line was used for both calcium-containing fluids and ceftriaxone and in some a precipitate was observed in the intravenous infusion line. At least one fatality has been reported in a neonate in whom calcium-containing fluids and ceftriaxone were administered at different time points via different intravenous lines; no crystalline material was observed at autopsy in this neonate.  There have been no similar reports in patients other than neonates.

This solution is suitable only for intravenous use. Calcium chloride solution injection into muscle or into subcutaneous or perivascular tissue may cause severe necrosis and sloughing. Intravenous injections of this drug must be made with great care to avoid leakage into the perivascular tissue.

This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.

To avoid undesirable reactions that may follow intravenous administration of calcium chloride, the rate of injection should not exceed 0.5 mL to 1 mL per minute.

Because of the danger involved in the simultaneous use of calcium salts and drugs of the digitalis group, a digitalized patient should not receive an intravenous injection of a calcium compound unless the indications are clearly defined.

Interaction with Calcium-Containing Products:

Do not use diluents containing calcium to reconstitute ceftriaxone vials or to further dilute a reconstituted vial for IV administration because a precipitate can form.  Precipitation of ceftriaxone-calcium can also occur when calcium-containing solutions are mixed with ceftriaxone in the same IV administration line. Calcium-containing IV solutions, including continuous calcium-containing infusions such as parenteral nutrition must not be administered simultaneously with ceftriaxone via a Y-site.  However, in patients other than neonates, calcium-containing solutions and ceftriaxone may be administered sequentially of one another if the infusion lines are thoroughly flushed between infusions with a compatible fluid.  In vitro studies using adult and neonatal plasma from umbilical cord blood demonstrated that neonates have an increased risk of precipitation of ceftriaxone-calcium.

There have been no reports of an interaction between oral calcium-containing products and ceftriaxone or interaction between calcium-containing products (IV or oral) and intramuscular ceftriaxone.

Safety for use in pregnancy has not been established. Use of calcium chloride in women of childbearing potential requires that anticipated benefits be weighed against possible hazards.

The usual adult dose of this preparation varies from 5 to 10 mL at intervals of 1 to 3 days.

In cardiac resuscitation, the usual dose is 2 to 4 mL injected into the ventricular cavity. Care should be taken to avoid injection into the cardiac muscle.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration, whenever solution and container permit.

Inadvertent systemic overloading with calcium ion can produce an acute hypercalcemic syndrome. The syndrome is characterized by weakness, lethargy, intractable nausea and vomiting, coma, and sudden death, and a markedly elevated plasma calcium level. It is suggested that details of treatment of this problem be obtained by reference to Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine Sixth Edition, pg. 475, column 2, “Acute Hypercalcemic Syndrome”.

Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).

Calcium Chloride Injection, USP 10%. (No preservative added).

NDC 0517-2710-25             10 mL single dose vial                packed in a box of 25

AMERICAN REGENT, INC. SHIRLEY, NY 11967

IN2710Rev. 7/11

Not available at this time.

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 mL Container Label

NDC 0517-2710-25 CALCIUM CHLORIDE INJECTION, USP

10% (100 mg/mL)

(13.6 mEq Calcium/10 mL)

10 mL SINGLE DOSE VIAL

FOR IV USE ONLY

AMERICAN  REGENT, INC. SHIRLEY, NY 11967

Rev. 10/10

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 mL Carton Labeling

CALCIUM CHLORIDE INJECTION, USP

10% (100 mg/mL)

(13.6 mEq Calcium/10 mL)

NDC 0517-2710-25

25 x 10 mL

SINGLE DOSE VIALS

FOR INTRAVENOUS USE ONLY

Rx Only

Each mL contains: Calcium Chloride (Dihydrate) 100 mg, Water for Injection q.s.pH adjusted with Hydrochloric Acid and/or Sodium Hydroxide. 2.04 mOsmol/mL WARNING: DISCARD UNUSED PORTION. Sterile, nonpyrogenic.

Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°-30°C (59°-86°F)

(See USP Controlled Room Temperature).

Directions for Use: See Package Insert.

AMERICAN REGENT, INC. SHIRLEY, NY 11967

Rev. 9/06

Manufacturer

American Regent, Inc.

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