Advertisement

Topics

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Doxorubicin hydrochloride for injection, USP safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for Doxorubicin hydrochloride for injection, USP.DOXORUBICIN hydrochloride for injectio | Doxorubicin Hydrochloride [Mylan Institutional LLC] | BioPortfolio

12:42 EST 27th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Note: While we endeavour to keep our records up-to-date one should not rely on these details being accurate without first consulting a professional. Click here to read our full medical disclaimer.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP is indicated as a component of multi-agent adjuvant chemotherapy for treatment of women with axillary lymph node involvement following resection of primary breast cancer [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP is indicated for the treatment of

The recommended dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP is 60 mg/m administered as an intravenous bolus on day 1 of each 21-day treatment cycle, in combination with cyclophosphamide, for a total of four cycles [see Clinical Studies (14)].

Discontinue doxorubicin in patients who develop signs or symptoms of cardiomyopathy.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP is contraindicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C or serum bilirubin >5.0 mg/dL) [see Contraindications (4)].

Decrease the dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP in patients with elevated serum total bilirubin concentrations as follows:

 [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7)]

Serum bilirubin concentration
Doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP Dose reduction
1.2 to 3 mg/dL
50 %
3.1 to 5 mg/dL
75 %

greater than 5 mg/dL
Do not initiate doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP
Discontinue doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP

Reconstitute doxorubicin hydrochloride for injection, USP with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP to obtain a final concentration of 2 mg per mL as follows:

Gently shake vial until the contents have dissolved.

Protect reconstituted solution from light.

Visually inspect parenteral drug products for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. Discard if the solution is discolored, cloudy, or contains particulate matter.

Storage of vials of Doxorubicin hydrochloride for injection, USP following reconstitution under refrigerated conditions can result in the formation of a gelled product. Place gelled product at room temperature [15to 30 C (59 to 86F)] for 2 to 4 hours to return the product to a slightly viscous, mobile solution.

Infuse only through a central catheter. Decrease the rate of doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP administration if erythematous streaking along the vein proximal to the site of infusion or facial flushing occur.

Protect from light from preparation for infusion until completion of infusion.

Discontinue doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP for burning or stinging sensation or other evidence indicating peri venous infiltration or extravasation. Manage confirmed or suspected extravasation as follows:

Do not admix doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP with other drugs. If doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP is mixed with heparin or fluorouracil a precipitate may form. Avoid contact with alkaline solutions which can lead to hydrolysis of doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP.

Handle and dispose of doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP consistent with recommendations for the handling and disposal of hazardous drugs.

Treat accidental contact with the skin or eyes immediately by copious lavage with water, or soap and water, or sodium bicarbonate solution. Do not abrade the skin by using a scrub brush. Seek medical attention.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride for injection, USP: Vials contain 10 mg and 50 mg doxorubicin hydrochloride as a red-orange lyophilized powder.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride is contraindicated in patients with:

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can result in myocardial damage, including acute left ventricular failure. The risk of cardiomyopathy is generally proportional to the cumulative exposure. Include prior doses of other anthracyclines or anthracenediones in calculations of total cumulative dosage for doxorubicin hydrochloride. Cardiomyopathy may develop during treatment or up to several years after completion of treatment and can include decrease in LVEF and signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF). The probability of developing cardiomyopathy is estimated to be 1 to 2% at a total cumulative dose of 300 mg/m of doxorubicin hydrochloride, 3 to 5% at a dose of 400 mg/m, 5 to 8% at a dose of 450 mg/m, and 6 to 20% at a dose of 500 mg/m, when doxorubicin hydrochloride is administered every 3 weeks. There is an additive or potentially synergistic increase in the risk of cardiomyopathy in patients who have received radiotherapy to the mediastinum or concomitant therapy with other known cardiotoxic agents such as cyclophosphamide and trastuzumab.

Pericarditis and myocarditis have also been reported during or following doxorubicin hydrochloride treatment.

Assess left ventricular cardiac function (e.g., MUGA or echocardiogram) prior to initiation of doxorubicin hydrochloride, during treatment to detect acute changes, and after treatment to detect delayed cardiotoxicity. Increase the frequency of assessments as the cumulative dose exceeds 300 mg/m. Use the same method of assessment of LVEF at all time points [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

Consider the use of dexrazoxane to reduce the incidence and severity of cardiomyopathy due to doxorubicin hydrochloride administration in patients who have received a cumulative doxorubicin hydrochloride dose of 300 mg/m and who will continue to receive doxorubicin hydrochloride.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can result in arrhythmias, including life-threatening arrhythmias, during or within a few hours after doxorubicin hydrochloride administration and at any time point during treatment. Tachyarrhythmias, including sinus tachycardia, premature ventricular contractions, and ventricular tachycardia, as well as bradycardia may occur. Electrocardiographic changes including non-specific ST-T wave changes, atrioventricular and bundle-branch block can also occur. These electrocardiographic changes may be transient and self-limited and may not require dose-modifications of doxorubicin hydrochloride.

The risk of developing secondary acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is increased following treatment with doxorubicin hydrochloride. Cumulative incidences ranged from 0.2% at five years to 1.5% at 10 years in two separate trials involving the adjuvant treatment of women with breast cancer. These leukemias generally occur within 1 to 3 years of treatment.

Extravasation  of  doxorubicin  hydrochloride  can  result  in  severe  local  tissue  injury  manifesting  as blistering, ulceration, and necrosis requiring wide excision of the affected area and skin grafting. When given via a peripheral venous line, infuse doxorubicin over 10 minutes or less to minimize the risk of thrombosis or perivenous extravasation. If signs or symptoms of extravasation occur, immediately terminate the injection or infusion [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. Extravasation may be present in patients who do not experience a stinging or burning sensation or when blood return is present on aspiration of the infusion needle. If extravasation is suspected, apply ice to the site intermittently for 15 minutes, 4 times a day for 3 days. If appropriate, administer dexrazoxane at the site of extravasation as soon as possible and within the first 6 hours after extravasation.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can cause myelosuppression. In Study 1, the incidence of severe myelosuppression was: grade 4 leukopenia (0.3%), grade 3 leukopenia (3%), and grade 4 thrombocytopenia (0.1%).  A dose-dependent, reversible neutropenia is the predominant manifestation of hematologic toxicity from doxorubicin hydrochloride. When doxorubicin hydrochloride is administered every 21 days, the neutrophil count reaches its nadir 10 to 14 days after administration with recovery usually occurring by the 21st day.

Obtain baseline assessment of blood counts and carefully monitor patients during treatment for possible clinical complications due to myelosuppression.

The clearance of doxorubicin is decreased in patients with elevated serum bilirubin with an increased risk of toxicity [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].  Reduce the dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride in patients with serum bilirubin levels of 1.2 to 5 mg/dL [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Doxorubicin is contraindicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment (defined as Child Pugh Class C or serum bilirubin level greater than 5 mg/dL) [see Contraindications (4)]. Obtain liver tests including SGOT, SGPT, alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin prior to and during doxorubicin hydrochloride therapy.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride may induce tumor lysis syndrome in patients with rapidly growing tumors. Evaluate blood uric acid levels, potassium, calcium, phosphate, and creatinine after initial treatment. Hydration, urine alkalinization, and prophylaxis with allopurinol to prevent hyperuricemia may minimize potential complications of tumor lysis syndrome.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can increase radiation-induced toxicity to the myocardium, mucosa, skin, and liver. Radiation recall, including but not limited to cutaneous and pulmonary toxicity, can occur in patients who receive doxorubicin hydrochloride after prior radiation therapy.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Doxorubicin hydrochloride was teratogenic and embryotoxic in rats and rabbits at doses lower than the recommended human dose.

If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, apprise the patient of the potential hazard to a fetus [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use highly effective contraception during treatment with doxorubicin hydrochloride and for 6 months after treatment. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they become pregnant, or if pregnancy is suspected, while taking doxorubicin hydrochloride [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1) and (8.6)].

The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling.

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The safety data below were collected from 1492 women who received doxorubicin hydrochloride at a dose of 60 mg/m and cyclophosphamide at a dose of 600 mg/m(AC) every 3 weeks for 4 cycles for the adjuvant treatment of axillary lymph node positive breast cancer. The median number of cycles received was 4. Selected adverse reactions reported in this study are provided in Table 1. No treatment-related deaths were reported in patients on either arm of the study.

Table 1. Selected Adverse Reactions in Patients with Early Breast Cancer Involving Axillary Lymph Nodes
*Includes pooled data from patients who received either AC alone for 4 cycles, or who were treated with AC for 4 cycles followed by 3 cycles of CMF

AC*
Conventional
CMF
N=1492
N=739
Adverse reactions, % of patients
Leukopenia

Grade 3 (1,000 to 1,999 /mm3)
3.4

9.4

Grade 4 (<1000 /mm3)
0.3
0.3
Thrombocytopenia
Grade 3 (25,000 to 49,999 /mm3)
0
0.3
Grade 4 (<25,000 /mm3)
0.1
0
Shock, sepsis
2
1
Systemic infection
2
1
Vomiting

Vomiting ≤12 hours
34

25

Vomiting >12 hours
37

12

Intractable
5
2
Alopecia
92
71
Cardiac dysfunction

Asymptomatic
0.2

0.1

Transient
0.1
0

Symptomatic
0.1
0

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of doxorubicin hydrochloride. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Cardiac-cardiogenic shock

Cutaneous-Skin and nail hyperpigmentation, oncolysis, rash, itching, photosensitivity, urticaria, acral erythema, palmar plantar erythrodysesthesia

Gastrointestinal-Nausea, mucositis, stomatitis, necrotizing colitis, typhlitis, gastric erosions, gastrointestinal tract bleeding, hematochezia, esophagitis, anorexia, abdominal pain, dehydration, diarrhea, hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa

Hypersensitivity-Anaphylaxis

Laboratory Abnormalities-Increased alanine aminotransferase, increased aspartate aminotransferase

Neurological-Peripheral sensory and motor neuropathy, seizures, coma

Ocular-Conjunctivitis, keratitis, lacrimation

Vascular-Phlebosclerosis, phlebitis/thrombophlebitis, hot flashes, thromboembolism

Other-Malaise/asthenia, fever, chills, weight gain

Doxorubicin is a major substrate of cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 and CYP2D6, and P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Clinically significant interactions have been reported with inhibitors of CYP3A4, CYP2D6, and/or P-gp (e.g., verapamil), resulting in increased concentration and clinical effect of doxorubicin. Inducers of CYP3A4 (e.g., phenobarbital, phenytoin, St. John's Wort) and P-gp inducers may decrease the concentration of doxorubicin. Avoid concurrent use of doxorubicin hydrochloride with inhibitors and inducers of CYP3A4, CYP2D6, or P-gp.

Concurrent use of trastuzumab and doxorubicin hydrochloride results in an increased risk of cardiac dysfunction. Avoid concurrent administration of doxorubicin and trastuzumab. The appropriate interval for administering doxorubicin following trastuzumab therapy has not been determined [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Paclitaxel, when given prior to doxorubicin hydrochloride, increases the plasma-concentrations of doxorubicin and its metabolites. Administer doxorubicin hydrochloride prior to paclitaxel if used concomitantly.

Do not administer dexrazoxane as a cardioprotectant at the initiation of doxorubicin hydrochloride  containing chemotherapy regimens. In a randomized trial in women with metastatic breast cancer, initiation of dexrazoxane with doxorubicin hydrochloride-based chemotherapy resulted in a significantly lower tumor response rate (48% vs. 63%; p=0.007) and shorter time to progression than in women who received doxorubicin hydrochloride-based chemotherapy alone.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride may potentiate 6-mercaptopurine-induced hepatotoxicity. In 11 patients with refractory leukemia treated with 6-mercaptopurine (500 mg/m intravenously daily for 5 days per cycle every 2-3 weeks) and doxorubicin hydrochloride (50 mg/m intravenous once per cycle every 2-3 weeks) alone or with vincristine and prednisone, all developed hepatic dysfunction manifested by elevations of total serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase and aspartate aminotransferase.

Pregnancy Category D

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Doxorubicin hydrochloride was teratogenic and embryotoxic in rats and rabbits at doses approximately 0.07 times (based on body surface area) the recommended human dose of 60 mg/m. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, apprise the patient of the potential hazard to a fetus.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride was teratogenic and embryotoxic at doses of 0.8 mg/kg/day (about 0.07 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area) when administered during the period of organogenesis in rats. Teratogenicity and embryotoxicity were also seen using discrete periods of treatment. The most susceptible was the 6- to 9-day gestation period at doses of 1.25 mg/kg/day and greater. Characteristic malformations included esophageal and intestinal atresia, tracheo-esophageal fistula, hypoplasia of the urinary bladder, and cardiovascular anomalies. Doxorubicin hydrochloride was embryotoxic (increase in embryofetal deaths) and abortifacient at 0.4 mg/kg/day (about 0.07 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area) in rabbits when administered during the period of organogenesis.

Doxorubicin has been detected in the milk of at least one lactating patient [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from doxorubicin hydrochloride, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.

Based on postmarketing reports, pediatric patients treated with doxorubicin hydrochloride are at risk for developing late cardiovascular dysfunction. Risk factors include young age at treatment (especially < 5 years), high cumulative doses and receipt of combined modality therapy. Long-term periodic cardiovascular monitoring is recommended for all pediatric patients who have received doxorubicin hydrochloride. Doxorubicin hydrochloride, as a component of intensive chemotherapy regimens administered to pediatric patients, may contribute to prepubertal growth failure and may also contribute to gonadal impairment, which is usually temporary.

There are no recommended dose adjustments based on age. Doxorubicin clearance was increased in patients aged 2 years to 20 years as compared to adults, while doxorubicin clearance was similar in children less than 2 years as compared to adults [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Clinical experience in patients who were 65 years of age and older who received doxorubicin hydrochloride-based chemotherapy regimens for metastatic breast cancer showed no overall differences in safety and effectiveness compared with younger patients.

Females

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can cause fetal harm when administered during pregnancy. Advise female patients of reproductive potential to use highly effective contraception during treatment with doxorubicin hydrochloride and for 6 months after treatment. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they become pregnant, or if pregnancy is suspected, while taking doxorubicin hydrochloride [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].

Males

Doxorubicin hydrochloride may damage spermatozoa and testicular tissue, resulting in possible genetic fetal abnormalities. Males with female sexual partners of reproductive potential should use effective contraception during and for 6 months after treatment [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Females

In females of reproductive potential, doxorubicin hydrochloride may cause infertility and result in amenorrhea. Premature menopause can occur. Recovery of menses and ovulation is related to age at treatment [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].

Males

Doxorubicin hydrochloride may result in oligospermia, azoospermia, and permanent loss of fertility. Sperm counts have been reported to return to normal levels in some men. This may occur several years after the end of therapy.

The clearance of doxorubicin was reduced in patients with elevated serum bilirubin levels. Reduce the dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride in patients with serum bilirubin levels greater than 1.2 mg/dL [See Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is contraindicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment (defined as Child Pugh Class C or serum bilirubin levels greater than 5 mg/dL) [see Contraindications (4)].

Few cases of overdose have been described. A 58-year-old man with acute lymphoblastic leukemia received 10-fold overdose of doxorubicin hydrochloride (300 mg/m) in one day. He was treated with charcoal filtration, hemopoietic growth factor (G-CSF), proton pump inhibitor and antimicrobial prophylaxis. The patient suffered sinus tachycardia, grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia for 11 days, severe mucositis and sepsis. The patient recovered completely 26 days after the overdose. A 17-year-old girl with osteogenic sarcoma received 150 mg of doxorubicin hydrochloride daily for 2 days (intended dose was 50 mg per day for 3 days). The patient developed severe mucositis on days 4-7 after the overdose and chills and pyrexia on day 7. The patient was treated with antibiotics and platelets and recovered 18 days after overdose.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP  is a cytotoxic, anthracycline, topoisomerase II inhibitor isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius. Chemically, doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP  is: 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-α-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8,9,10  tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxylacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride (8S-cis)-. The chemical structure of doxorubicin hydrochloride is:

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP is a sterile red-orange lyophilized powder, provided in single dose vial containing 10 mg, 50 mg doxorubicin HCl, USP.

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP

Each 10 mg lyophilized vial contains 10 mg of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, USP and 50 mg of Lactose Monohydrate, NF.

Each 50 mg lyophilized vial contains 50 mg of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, USP and 250 mg of Lactose Monohydrate, NF. 

The cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin hydrochloride on malignant cells and its toxic effects on various organs are thought to be related to nucleotide base intercalation and cell membrane lipid binding activities of doxorubicin. Intercalation inhibits nucleotide replication and action of DNA and RNA polymerases. The interaction of doxorubicin with topoisomerase II to form DNA-cleavable complexes appears to be an important mechanism of doxorubicin hydrochloride cytocidal activity.

Pharmacokinetic studies conducted in patients with various types of tumors have shown that doxorubicin follows multiphasic disposition after intravenous injection. The distribution half-life is approximately 5 minutes, while the terminal half-life is 20 to 48 hours. In four patients, doxorubicin demonstrated dose-independent pharmacokinetics across a dose range of 30 to 70 mg/m2.

Distribution

Steady-state distribution volume ranges from 809 to 1214 L/m. Binding of doxorubicin and its major metabolite, doxorubicinol, to plasma proteins is about 75% and is independent of plasma concentration of doxorubicin up to 1.1 mcg/mL.

Doxorubicin was measured in the milk of one lactating patient after therapy with 70 mg/m of doxorubicin hydrochloride given as a 15-minute intravenous infusion. The peak milk concentration at 24 hours after treatment was 4.4-fold greater than the corresponding plasma concentration. Doxorubicin was detectable in the milk up to 72 hours.

Doxorubicin does not cross the blood brain barrier.

Enzymatic reduction at the 7 position and cleavage of the daunosamine sugar yields aglycones which are accompanied by free radical formation, the local production of which may contribute to the cardiotoxic activity of doxorubicin hydrochloride. Disposition of doxorubicinol in patients is formation rate limited, with the terminal half-life of doxorubicinol being similar to doxorubicin. The relative exposure of doxorubicinol, i.e., the ratio between the AUC of doxorubicinol and the AUC of doxorubicin is approximately 0.5.

Plasma clearance is in the range 324 to 809 mL/min/mand is predominately by metabolism and biliary excretion. Approximately 40% of the dose appears in the bile in 5 days, while only 5 to 12% of the drug and its metabolites appear in the urine during the same time period. In urine, <3% of the dose was recovered as doxorubicinol over 7 days.

Systemic clearance of doxorubicin is significantly reduced in obese women with ideal body weight greater than 130%. There was a significant reduction in clearance without any change in volume of distribution in obese patients when compared with normal patients with less than 115% ideal body weight.

Following administration of doses ranging from 10 to 75 mg/m of doxorubicin hydrochloride to 60 children and adolescents ranging from 2 months to 20 years of age, doxorubicin clearance averaged 1443 ± 114 mL/min/m2. Further analysis demonstrated that clearance in 52 children greater than 2 years of age (1540 mL/min/m) was increased compared with adults. However, clearance in infants younger than 2 years of age (813 mL/min/m) was decreased compared with older children and approached the range of clearance values determined in adults [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) ].

There is no recommended dose adjustment based on gender. A published clinical study involving 6 men and 21 women with no prior anthracycline therapy reported a significantly higher median doxorubicin clearance in men compared to women (1088 mL/min/m versus 433 mL/min/m). However, the terminal half-life of doxorubicin was longer in men compared to women (54 versus 35 hours).

The clearance of doxorubicin and doxorubicinol was reduced in patients with elevation in serum bilirubin [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

Doxorubicin hydrochloride treatment results in an increased risk of secondary malignancies based on postmarketing reports [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Doxorubicin hydrochloride was mutagenic in the in vitro Ames assay, and clastogenic in multiple in vitro assays (CHO cell, V79 hamster cell, human lymphoblast, and SCE assays) and the in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride decreased fertility in female rats at the doses of 0.05 and 0.2 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.005 and 0.02 times the recommended human dose, based on body surface area).

A single intravenous dose of 0.1 mg/kg doxorubicin hydrochloride (approximately 0.01 times the recommended human dose based on body surface area) was toxic to male reproductive organs in animal studies, producing testicular atrophy, diffuse degeneration of the seminiferous tubules, and oligospermia/hypospermia in rats. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces DNA damage in rabbit spermatozoa and dominant lethal mutations in mice.

The clinical efficacy of doxorubicin hydrochloride-containing regimens for the post-operative, adjuvant treatment of surgically resected breast cancer was evaluated in a meta-analysis conducted by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists Collaborative Group (EBCTCG). The EBCTCG meta-analyses compared cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) to no chemotherapy (19 trials including 7523 patients) and doxorubicin hydrochloride-containing regimens with CMF as an active control (6 trials including 3510 patients). Data from the meta-analysis of trials comparing CMF to no therapy were used to establish the historical treatment effect size for CMF regimens. The major efficacy outcome measures were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).

Of the 3510 women (2157 received doxorubicin hydrochloride-containing regimens and 1353 received CMF treatment) with early breast cancer involving axillary lymph nodes included in the six trials from the meta-analyses, approximately 70% were premenopausal and 30% were postmenopausal. At the time of the meta-analysis, 1745 first recurrences and 1348 deaths had occurred. The analyses demonstrated that doxorubicin hydrochloride-containing regimens retained at least 75% of the historical CMF adjuvant effect on DFS with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.91 (95% CI, 0.82 to 1.01) and on OS with a HR of 0.91 (95% CI, 0.81 to 1.03). Results of these analyses for both DFS and OS are provided in Table 2 and Figures 1 and 2.

Figure 1.  Meta-analysis of Disease-Free Survival

Figure 2. Meta-analysis of Overall Survival

Table 2. Summary of Randomized Trials Comparing Doxorubicin hydrochloride-Containing Regimens Versus CMF in Meta-Analysis
Abbreviations: DFS = disease free survival; OS = overall survival; AC = doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide; AVbCMF = doxorubicin hydrochloride, vinblastine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil; CMF = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil; CMFVA = cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, vincristine, doxorubicin hydrochloride; FAC = 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide; FACV = 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, vincristine; HR = hazard ratio; CI = confidence interval
* Includes pooled data from patients who received either AC alone for 4 cycles, or who were treated with AC for 4 cycles followed by 3 cycles of CMF.
** a hazard ratio of less than 1 indicates that the treatment with doxorubicin hydrochloride-containing regimens is associated with lower risk of disease recurrences or death compared to the treatment with CMF.
† Patients received alternating cycles of AVb and CMF.


Study
(starting year)

Regimens


No. of Cycles


No. of Patients
Doxorubicin -Containing
Regimens vs. CMF HR** 
(95% CI)

DFS

OS
NSABP B-15 
(1984)
AC
4

1562*

0.93 (0.82 to 1.06)

0.97 (0.83 to 1.12)

CMF
6

776

SECSG 2 
(1976)

FAC
6

260

0.86 (0.66 to 1.13)

0.93 (0.69 to 1.26)

CMF
6

268

ONCOFRANCE 
(1978)


FACV
12

138

0.71 (0.49 to 1.03)

0.65 (0.44 to 0.96)
CMF
12

113

SE Sweden BCG A 
(1980)

AC
6

21

0.59 (0.22 to 1.61)

0.53 (0.21 to 1.37)

CMF

6

22

NSABC Israel Br0283 
(1983)


        AVbCMF†

4

55

6

0.91 (0.53 to 1.57)

0.88 (0.47 to 1.63)

CMF

6

50

Austrian BCSG 3 
(1984)
CMFVA
6

121

1.07(0.73 to 1.55)
0.93 (0.64 to 1.35)
CMF
8
124
Combined Studies
Doxorubicin -Regimens CMF

Containing

            2157
0.91 (0.82 to 1.01)
0.91 (0.81 to 1.03)
1353

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP is supplied as a sterile red-orange lyophilized powder for intravenous use only, is available in single dose flip-top vials in the following package strengths:

NDC 67457-478-10: 10 mg vial; individually boxed.

NDC 67457-436-50: 50 mg vial; individually boxed.

Store unreconstituted vial at controlled room temperature, between 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). [See USP.] Protect vials from light. Retain in carton until time of use. Discard unused portion.

Reconstituted Solution Stability

After adding the diluent, the vial should be shaken and the contents allowed to dissolve. The reconstituted solution is stable for 7 days at room temperature and under normal room light (100 foot-candles) and 15 days under refrigeration (2° to 8°C). It should be protected from exposure to sunlight. Discard any unused solution from the 10 mg and 50 mg single dose vials.

Handling and Disposal

Handle and dispose of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP consistent with recommendations for the handling and disposal of hazardous drugs. 

See FDA-Approved Patient Labeling (Patient Information).

Inform patients of the following:

Doxorubicin hydrochloride can cause their urine to appear red for 1 to 2 days after administration.

Manufactured for:

Mylan Institutional LLC

Rockford, IL 61103 U.S.A.

Made in India

JULY 2016

Patient Information

DOXORUBICIN (dok-suh-roo-buh-sin) HYDROCHLORIDE For Injection, for intravenous use

What is the most important information I should know about Doxorubicin?

Doxorubicin may cause serious side effects including:

Tell your doctor if you get any of these symptoms of heart failure during or after treatment with Doxorubicin:

Your doctor will do tests to check the strength of your heart muscle before, during, and after your treatment with Doxorubicin.

What is Doxorubicin?

Doxorubicin is a prescription medicine used to treat certain types of cancers. Doxorubicin may be used alone or along with other anti-cancer medicines.

Who should not receive Doxorubicin?

Do not receive Doxorubicin if:

What should I tell my doctor before receiving Doxorubicin?

Before you receive Doxorubicin, tell your doctor if you:

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Doxorubicin can interact with other medicines. Do not start any new medicine before you talk with the doctor that prescribed Doxorubicin.

Know the medicines you take. Keep a list to show your doctor and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine.

How will I receive Doxorubicin?

Doxorubicin will be given to you into your vein.

What are the possible side effects of Doxorubicin? Doxorubicin may cause serious side effects, including:

See "What is the most important information I should know about Doxorubicin?"

Doxorubicin may cause lower sperm counts and sperm problems in men.

This could affect your ability to father a child and cause birth defects. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you. Talk to your healthcare provider about family planning options that might be right for you.

Irreversible amenorrhea or early menopause. Your periods (menstrual cycle) may completely stop when you receive Doxorubicin. Your periods may or may not return following treatment. Talk to your healthcare provider about family planning options that might be right for you.

The most common side effects of Doxorubicin include:

Other side effects:

Call your doctor if you have severe symptoms that prevent you from eating or drinking, such as:

Tell your doctor or nurse if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all of the possible side effects of Doxorubicin.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

General information about the safe and effective use of Doxorubicin.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet.

You can ask your pharmacist or doctor for information about Doxorubicin that is written for health professionals.

For more information, call Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-877-446-3679 (1-877-4-INFO-RX).       

What are the ingredients of Doxorubicin?

Active ingredient: Doxorubicin hydrochloride, USP

Inactive ingredients for Doxorubicin hydrochloride For Injection: Lactose Monohydrate

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Manufactured for:

Mylan Institutional LLC

Rockford, IL 61103 U.S.A.

Made in India

JULY 2016

NDC 67457-478-10

DOXOrubicin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP

10 mg/vial

CAUTION: CYTOTOXIC AGENT

LYOPHILIZED

For IV use only

Mylan

Rx only

Single-Dose Vial

NDC 67457-436-50

DOXOrubicin Hydrochloride for Injection, USP

50 mg/vial

CAUTION: CYTOTOXIC AGENT

LYOPHILIZED

For IV use only

Mylan

Rx only

Single-Dose Vial

Manufacturer

Mylan Institutional LLC

Active Ingredients

Source

Drugs and Medications [250 Associated Drugs and Medications listed on BioPortfolio]

Doxorubicin hydrochloride [sun pharmaceutical industries, inc.]

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE LIPOSOME INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE L...

Doxorubicin hydrochloride [northstar rxllc]

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE LIPOSOME INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE LI...

Doxorubicin hydrochloride [bluepoint laboratories]

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDELIPOSOME INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for doxorubicin hydrochloride lip...

Doxorubicin hydrochloride [dr. reddy's laboratories inc]

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE LIPOSOME INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for doxorubicin hydrochloride li...

Doxorubicin hydrochloride [dr. reddy's laboratories inc]

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE LIPOSOME INJECTION safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for doxorubicin hydrochloride li...

Clinical Trials [2824 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Randomized, Open Label, Two Treatment, Two Period, Two Sequence, Single Dose, Crossover, Bioequivalence Study of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Liposome Injection in Patients With Ovarian Cancer

This study is planned with the objective of evaluating the bioequivalence of two liposomal formulations of Doxorubicin hydrochloride injection in patients with ovarian cancer in addition t...

Pembrolizumab and Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Sarcoma That is Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride when given together with pembrolizumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with sar...

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride Liposome as First-Line Therapy in Treating Older Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them...

Enalapril Maleate and Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Women With Breast Cancer

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from div...

Doxorubicin Hydrochloride, Pembrolizumab, Vinblastine, and Dacarbazine in Treating Patients With Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

This phase II trial studies the side effects of doxorubicin hydrochloride, pembrolizumab, vinblastine, and dacarbazine in treating patients with classical Hodgkin Lymphoma. Drugs used in c...

PubMed Articles [611 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Ultrasound Combined With Microbubbles Increase the Delivery of Doxorubicin by Reducing the Interstitial Fluid Pressure.

The aims of this study were to determine the change of interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) after therapy using pulsed low-frequency ultrasound combined with microbubbles and to determine the change of d...

Protective effects of berberine hydrochloride on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis in rats.

Berberine hydrochloride is one the effective compound among Rhizoma Coptidis, Cortex Phellodendri, and other plants. There are several clinical functions of berberine hydrochloride including anti-infl...

In vitro and in vivo performance of epinastine hydrochloride-releasing contact lenses.

A number of drug-releasing contact lenses are currently being studied to address issues inherent in eye drops as a drug delivery method. In this study, we developed epinastine hydrochloride-releasing ...

A fluorescence study of the loading and time stability of doxorubicin in sodium cholate/PEO-PPO-PEO triblock copolymer mixed micelles.

Doxorubicin hydrochloride (DX) is one of the most powerful anticancer agents though its clinical use is impaired by severe undesired side effects. DX encapsulation in nanocarrier systems has been intr...

In vitro and ex vivo studies on Diltiazem hydrochloride-loaded microsponges in rectal gels for chronic anal fissures treatment.

Diltiazem hydrochloride, topically applied at 2% concentration, is considered effective for the treatment of chronic anal fissures, althought it involves several side effects among which anal pruritus...

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topic

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Drugs and Medication Quicklinks


Searches Linking to this Drug Record