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These highlights do not include all the information needed to use AMOXICILLIN Capsules, Tablets and for Oral Suspension, USP safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for AMOXICILLIN Capsules, Tablets and for Oral Suspension, USP. AMOXICILL | Amoxicillin [Denton Pharma, Inc. DBA Northwind Pharmaceuticals] | BioPortfolio

13:06 EST 27th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Note: While we endeavour to keep our records up-to-date one should not rely on these details being accurate without first consulting a professional. Click here to read our full medical disclaimer.

Amoxicillin is indicated in the treatment of infections due to susceptible (ONLY β-lactamase–negative) isolates of Streptococcus species. (α- and β-hemolytic isolates only), Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus spp., or Haemophilus influenzae.

Amoxicillin is indicated in the treatment of infections due to susceptible (ONLY β-lactamase–negative) isolates of Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, or Enterococcus faecalis.

Amoxicillin is indicated in the treatment of infections due to susceptible (ONLY β-lactamase–negative) isolates of Streptococcus spp. (α- and β-hemolytic isolates only), Staphylococcus spp., or E. coli.

Amoxicillin is indicated in the treatment of infections due to susceptible (ONLY β-lactamase–negative) isolates of Streptococcus spp. (α- and β-hemolytic isolates only), S. pneumoniae, Staphylococcus spp., or H. influenzae.

Amoxicillin, in combination with clarithromycin plus lansoprazole as triple therapy, is indicated for the treatment of patients with H. pylori infection and duodenal ulcer disease (active or 1-year history of a duodenal ulcer) to eradicate H. pylori. Eradication of H. pylori has been shown to reduce the risk of duodenal ulcer recurrence.

Amoxicillin, in combination with lansoprazole delayed-release capsules as dual therapy, is indicated for the treatment of patients with H. pylori infection and duodenal ulcer disease (active or 1-year history of a duodenal ulcer) who are either allergic or intolerant to clarithromycin or in whom resistance to clarithromycin is known or suspected. (See the clarithromycin package insert, MICROBIOLOGY.) Eradication of H. pylori has been shown to reduce the risk of duodenal ulcer recurrence.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of amoxicillin and other antibacterial drugs, amoxicillin should be used only to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Treatment should be continued for a minimum of 48 to 72 hours beyond the time that the patient becomes asymptomatic or evidence of bacterial eradication has been obtained. It is recommended that there be at least 10 days’ treatment for any infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes to prevent the occurrence of acute rheumatic fever. In some infections, therapy may be required for several weeks. It may be necessary to continue clinical and/or bacteriological follow-up for several months after cessation of therapy.

Table 1. Dosing Recommendations for Adult and Pediatric Patients > 3 Months of Age
Infection Severity Dosing for infections caused by bacteria that are intermediate in their susceptibility to amoxicillin should follow the recommendations for severe infections. Usual Adult Dose Usual Dose for Children
> 3 Months The children’s dosage is intended for individuals whose weight is less than 40 kg. Children weighing 40 kg or more should be dosed according to the adult recommendations.
Ear/Nose/Throat Skin/Skin Structure Genitourinary Tract Mild/Moderate 500 mg every 12 hours or 250 mg every 8 hours 25 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours or 20 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 8 hours
Severe 875 mg every 12 hours or 500 mg every 8 hours 45 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours or 40 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 8 hours
Lower Respiratory Tract Mild/Moderate or Severe 875 mg every 12 hours or 500 mg every 8 hours 45 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 12 hours or 40 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 8 hours

Treatment should be continued for a minimum of 48 to 72 hours beyond the time that the patient becomes asymptomatic or evidence of bacterial eradication has been obtained. It is recommended that there be at least 10 days’ treatment for any infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes to prevent the occurrence of acute rheumatic fever. Due to incompletely developed renal function affecting elimination of amoxicillin in this age group, the recommended upper dose of amoxicillin is 30 mg/kg/day divided every 12 hours. There are currently no dosing recommendations for pediatric patients with impaired renal function.

Triple therapy: The recommended adult oral dose is 1 gram amoxicillin, 500 mg clarithromycin, and 30 mg lansoprazole, all given twice daily (every 12 hours) for 14 days.

Dual therapy: The recommended adult oral dose is 1 gram amoxicillin and 30 mg lansoprazole, each given three times daily (every 8 hours) for 14 days.

Please refer to clarithromycin and lansoprazole full prescribing information.

Tap bottle until all powder flows freely. Add approximately 1/3 of the total amount of water for reconstitution (see Table 2) and shake vigorously to wet powder. Add remainder of the water and again shake vigorously.

After reconstitution, the required amount of suspension should be placed directly on the child’s tongue for swallowing. Alternate means of administration are to add the required amount of suspension to formula, milk, fruit juice, water, ginger ale, or cold drinks. These preparations should then be taken immediately.

NOTE: SHAKE ORAL SUSPENSION WELL BEFORE USING. Keep bottle tightly closed. Any unused portion of the reconstituted suspension must be discarded after 14 days. Refrigeration is preferable, but not required.

Table 2. Amount of Water for Mixing Oral Suspension
Strength Bottle Size Amount of Water Required for Reconstitution
Oral Suspension 125 mg/5 mL 80 mL 55 mL
100 mL 68 mL
150 mL 102 mL
Oral Suspension 200 mg/5 mL 50 mL 34 mL
75 mL 51 mL
100 mL 68 mL
Oral Suspension 250 mg/5 mL 80 mL 55 mL
100 mL 68 mL
150 mL 102 mL
Oral Suspension 400 mg/5 mL 50 mL 34 mL
75 mL 51 mL
100 mL 68 mL

Capsules: 250 mg, 500 mg.

Each amoxicillin capsule, with yellow opaque cap and body, contains 250 mg or 500 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate. The 250 mg capsule is imprinted AMOX 250 on one side and GG 848 on the other side; the 500 mg capsule is imprinted AMOX 500 on one side and GG 849 on the other side.

Tablets: 500 mg, 875 mg .

Each film coated tablet contains 500 mg or 875 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate. The tablets are oval-shaped and white to yellowish. The 500 mg tablet is unscored, embossed GG-961 on one side and 500 on the other side. The 875 mg tablet is scored and embossed GG-962 on one side and 875 on the other side.

For Oral Suspension: 125 mg/5 mL, 200 mg/5 mL, 250 mg/5 mL, 400 mg/5 mL.

Each 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate.

Amoxicillin is contraindicated in patients who have experienced a serious hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis or Stevens-Johnson syndrome) to amoxicillin or to other β-lactam antibiotics (e.g., penicillins and cephalosporins).

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity (anaphylactic) reactions have been reported in patients on penicillin therapy including amoxicillin. Although anaphylaxis is more frequent following parenteral therapy, it has occurred in patients on oral penicillins. These reactions are more likely to occur in individuals with a history of penicillin hypersensitivity and/or a history of sensitivity to multiple allergens.

There have been reports of individuals with a history of penicillin hypersensitivity who have experienced severe reactions when treated with cephalosporins. Before initiating therapy with amoxicillin, careful inquiry should be made regarding previous hypersensitivity reactions to penicillins, cephalosporins, or other allergens. If an allergic reaction occurs, amoxicillin should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents, including amoxicillin, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.

C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin-producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibacterial use.

Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over 2 months after the administration of antibacterial agents.

If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

Prescribing amoxicillin in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient, and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

A high percentage of patients with mononucleosis who receive amoxicillin develop an erythematous skin rash. Thus amoxicillin should not be administered to patients with mononucleosis.

The following are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most common adverse reactions (> 1%) observed in clinical trials of amoxicillin capsules, tablets or oral suspension were diarrhea, rash, vomiting, and nausea.

Triple therapy : The most frequently reported adverse events for patients who received triple therapy (amoxicillin/clarithromycin/ lansoprazole) were diarrhea (7%), headache (6%), and taste perversion (5%).

Dual therapy : The most frequently reported adverse events for patients who received double therapy amoxicillin/lansoprazole were diarrhea (8%) and headache (7%). For more information on adverse reactions with clarithromycin or lansoprazole, refer to the Adverse Reactions section of their package inserts.

In addition to adverse events reported from clinical trials, the following events have been identified during postmarketing use of penicillins. Because they are reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, estimates of frequency cannot be made. These events have been chosen for inclusion due to a combination of their seriousness, frequency of reporting, or potential causal connection to amoxicillin.

Probenecid decreases the renal tubular secretion of amoxicillin. Concurrent use of amoxicillin and probenecid may result in increased and prolonged blood levels of amoxicillin.

Abnormal prolongation of prothrombin time (increased international normalized ratio [INR]) has been reported in patients receiving amoxicillin and oral anticoagulants. Appropriate monitoring should be undertaken when anticoagulants are prescribed concurrently. Adjustments in the dose of oral anticoagulants may be necessary to maintain the desired level of anticoagulation.

The concurrent administration of allopurinol and amoxicillin increases the incidence of rashes in patients receiving both drugs as compared to patients receiving amoxicillin alone. It is not known whether this potentiation of amoxicillin rashes is due to allopurinol or the hyperuricemia present in these patients.

Amoxicillin may affect the gut flora, leading to lower estrogen reabsorption and reduced efficacy of combined oral estrogen/progesterone contraceptives.

Chloramphenicol, macrolides, sulfonamides, and tetracyclines may interfere with the bactericidal effects of penicillin. This has been demonstrated in vitro; however, the clinical significance of this interaction is not well documented.

High urine concentrations of ampicillin may result in false-positive reactions when testing for the presence of glucose in urine using CLINITEST®, Benedict’s Solution, or Fehling’s Solution. Since this effect may also occur with amoxicillin, it is recommended that glucose tests based on enzymatic glucose oxidase reactions (such as CLINISTIX®) be used.

Following administration of ampicillin or amoxicillin to pregnant women, a transient decrease in plasma concentration of total conjugated estriol, estriol-glucuronide, conjugated estrone, and estradiol has been noted.

Teratogenic Effects: Pregnancy Category B. Reproduction studies have been performed in mice and rats at doses up to 2000 mg/kg (3 and 6 times the 3 g human dose, based on body surface area). There was no evidence of harm to the fetus due to amoxicillin. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, amoxicillin should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Oral ampicillin is poorly absorbed during labor. It is not known whether use of amoxicillin in humans during labor or delivery has immediate or delayed adverse effects on the fetus, prolongs the duration of labor, or increases the likelihood of the necessity for an obstetrical intervention.

Penicillins have been shown to be excreted in human milk. Amoxicillin use by nursing mothers may lead to sensitization of infants. Caution should be exercised when amoxicillin is administered to a nursing woman.

Because of incompletely developed renal function in neonates and young infants, the elimination of amoxicillin may be delayed. Dosing of amoxicillin should be modified in pediatric patients 12 weeks or younger (≤ 3 months). [See Dosage and Administration ( 2.2).]

An analysis of clinical studies of amoxicillin was conducted to determine whether subjects aged 65 and over respond differently from younger subjects. These analyses have not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but a greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

Amoxicillin is primarily eliminated by the kidney and dosage adjustment is usually required in patients with severe renal impairment (GFR <30 mL/min). See Dosing in Renal Impairment ( 2.4) for specific recommendations in patients with renal impairment.

In case of overdosage, discontinue medication, treat symptomatically, and institute supportive measures as required. A prospective study of 51 pediatric patients at a poison-control center suggested that overdosages of less than 250 mg/kg of amoxicillin are not associated with significant clinical symptoms.

Interstitial nephritis resulting in oliguric renal failure has been reported in a small number of patients after overdosage with amoxicillin .

Crystalluria, in some cases leading to renal failure, has also been reported after amoxicillin overdosage in adult and pediatric patients. In case of overdosage, adequate fluid intake and diuresis should be maintained to reduce the risk of amoxicillin crystalluria.

Renal impairment appears to be reversible with cessation of drug administration. High blood levels may occur more readily in patients with impaired renal function because of decreased renal clearance of amoxicillin. Amoxicillin may be removed from circulation by hemodialysis.

Formulations of amoxicillin contain amoxicillin, a semisynthetic antibiotic, an analog of ampicillin, with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms.

Chemically, it is (2 S,5 R,6 R)-6-[(R)-(-)-2-amino-2-( p-hydroxyphenyl)acetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4- thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid trihydrate. It may be represented structurally as:

The amoxicillin molecular formula is C H N O S • 3H O, and the molecular weight is 419.45.

Amoxicillin Capsules, USP:

Each amoxicillin capsule, with yellow opaque cap and body, contains 250 mg or 500 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate. The 250 mg capsule is imprinted AMOX 250 on one side and GG 848 on the other side; the 500 mg capsule is imprinted AMOX 500 on one side and GG 849 on the other side. Inactive ingredients: Capsule shells - yellow ferric oxide, titanium dioxide, gelatin, black ferric oxide, shellac, propylene glycol, potassium hydroxide and ammonium hydroxide; Capsule contents - cellulose microcrystalline and magnesium stearate.

Meets USP Dissolution Test 2.

Amoxicillin Tablets, USP:

Each film coated tablet contains 500 mg or 875 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate. The tablets are oval-shaped and white to yellowish. The 500 mg tablet is unscored, embossed GG-961 on one side and 500 on the other side. The 875 mg tablet is scored and embossed GG-962 on one side and 875 on the other side. In addition each amoxicillin tablet contains these inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, ethylcellulose aqueous dispersion, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium starch glycolate, talc, triethyl citrate, and titanium dioxide.

Amoxicillin for Oral Suspension, USP:

Each 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate. Each 5 mL of the 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg, and 400 mg reconstituted suspension contains 0.30 mEq (6.95 mg) of sodium.

Amoxicillin trihydrate for oral suspension 125 mg/5 mL, 200 mg/5 mL, 250 mg/5 mL and 400 mg/5 mL are fruity flavored pink suspensions. Inactive ingredients: anhydrous citric acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, flavorings: raspberry, strawberry, refrachessement, FD&C Red 40, sodium benzoate, sodium citrate, sucrose, and xantham gum.

Amoxicillin is an antibacterial drug. [ see Microbiology ( 12.4)].

Absorption: Amoxicillin is stable in the presence of gastric acid and is rapidly absorbed after oral administration. The effect of food on the absorption of amoxicillin from the tablets and suspension of amoxicillin has been partially investigated; 400-mg and 875-mg formulations have been studied only when administered at the start of a light meal.

Orally administered doses of 250-mg and 500-mg amoxicillin capsules result in average peak blood levels 1 to 2 hours after administration in the range of 3.5 mcg/mL to 5 mcg/mL and 5.5 mcg/mL to 7.5 mcg/mL, respectively.

Mean amoxicillin pharmacokinetic parameters from an open, two-part, single-dose crossover bioequivalence study in 27 adults comparing 875 mg of amoxicillin with 875 mg of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium showed that the 875-mg tablet of amoxicillin produces an AUC of 35.4 ± 8.1 mcg•hr/mL and a C of 13.8 ± 4.1 mcg/mL. Dosing was at the start of a light meal following an overnight fast.

Orally administered doses of amoxicillin suspension, 125 mg/5 mL and 250 mg/5 mL, result in average peak blood levels 1 to 2 hours after administration in the range of 1.5 mcg/mL to 3 mcg/mL and 3.5 mcg/mL to 5 mcg/mL, respectively.

Oral administration of single doses of 400-mg chewable tablets and 400 mg/5 mL suspension of amoxicillin to 24 adult volunteers yielded comparable pharmacokinetic data:

Distribution: Amoxicillin diffuses readily into most body tissues and fluids, with the exception of brain and spinal fluid, except when meninges are inflamed. In blood serum, amoxicillin is approximately 20% protein-bound. Following a 1-gram dose and utilizing a special skin window technique to determine levels of the antibiotic, it was noted that therapeutic levels were found in the interstitial fluid.

Metabolism and Excretion: The half-life of amoxicillin is 61.3 minutes. Approximately 60% of an orally administered dose of amoxicillin is excreted in the urine within 6 to 8 hours. Detectable serum levels are observed up to 8 hours after an orally administered dose of amoxicillin. Since most of the amoxicillin is excreted unchanged in the urine, its excretion can be delayed by concurrent administration of probenecid [see DRUG INTERACTIONS ( 7.1)] .

Table 3. Mean Pharmacokinetic Parameters of Amoxicillin (400 mg chewable tablets and 400 mg/5 mL suspension) in Healthy Adults
Dose Administered at the start of a light meal. AUC 0-∞ ( mcg• hr /mL) C max (mcg/mL) Mean values of 24 normal volunteers. Peak concentrations occurred approximately 1 hour after the dose.
Amoxicillin Amoxicillin (±S.D.) Amoxicillin (±S.D.)
400 mg (5 mL of suspension) 17.1 (3.1) 5.92 (1.62)
400 mg (1 chewable tablet) 17.9 (2.4) 5.18 (1.64)

Amoxicillin is similar to penicillin in its bactericidal action against susceptible bacteria during the stage of active multiplication. It acts through the inhibition of cell wall biosynthesis that leads to the death of the bacteria.

Resistance to amoxicillin is mediated primarily through enzymes called beta-lactamases that cleave the beta-lactam ring of amoxicillin, rendering it inactive.

Amoxicillin has been shown to be active against most isolates of the bacteria listed below, both in vitro and in clinical infections as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section.

Gram-Positive Bacteria Gram-Negative Bacteria
Enterococcus faecalis Escherichia coli
Staphylococcus spp. Haemophilus influenzae
Streptococcus pneumoniae Helicobacter pylori
Streptococcus spp (alpha and beta-hemolytic) Proteus mirabilis

When available, the clinical microbiology laboratory should provide cumulative in vitro susceptibility test results for antimicrobial drugs used in local hospitals and practice areas to the physician as periodic reports that describe the susceptibility profile of nosocomial and community-acquired pathogens. These reports should aid the physician in selecting the most effective antimicrobial.

Dilution Techniques: Quantitative methods are used to determine antimicrobial minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). These MICs provide estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds. The MICs should be determined using a standardized test method -(broth or agar) . The MIC values should be interpreted according to the criteria in Table 4.

Diffusion Techniques: Quantitative methods that require measurement of zone diameters can also provide reproducible estimates of the susceptibility of bacteria to antimicrobial compounds . The zone size should be determined using a standardized test method .

Susceptibility to amoxicillin of Enterococcus spp., Enterobacteriaceae, and H. influenzae, may be inferred by testing ampicillin . Susceptibility to amoxicillin of Staphylococcus spp., and beta-hemolytic Streptococcus spp., may be inferred by testing penicillin . The majority of isolates of Enterococcus spp. that are resistant to ampicillin or amoxicillin produce a TEM-type beta-lactamase. A beta-lactamase test can provide a rapid means of determining resistance to ampicillin and amoxicillin .

Susceptibility to amoxicillin of Streptococcus pneumoniae (non-meningitis isolates) may be inferred by testing penicillin or oxacillin . The interpretive criteria for S. pneumoniae to amoxicillin are provided in Table 4 .

A report of “Susceptible” indicates the antimicrobial is likely to inhibit growth of the pathogen if the antimicrobial compound reaches a concentration at the infection site necessary to inhibit growth of the pathogen. A report of “Intermediate” indicates that the result should be considered equivocal, and, if the microorganism is not fully susceptible to alternative, clinically feasible drugs, the test should be repeated. This category implies possible clinical applicability in body sites where the drug is physiologically concentrated. This category also provides a buffer zone that prevents small uncontrolled technical factors from causing major discrepancies in interpretation. A report of “Resistant” indicates the antimicrobial is not likely to inhibit growth of the pathogen if the antimicrobial compound reaches the concentration usually achievable at the infection site; other therapy should be selected.

Table 4. Susceptibility Interpretive Criteria for Amoxicillin
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
(mcg/mL)
Disk Diffusion (zone diameter in mm)
Susceptible Intermediate Resistant Susceptible Intermediate Resistant
Streptococcus pneumoniae (non-meningitis isolates) S. pneumoniae should be tested using a 1-mcg oxacillin disk. Isolates with oxacillin zone sizes of ≥ 20 mm are susceptible to amoxicillin. An amoxicillin MIC should be determined on isolates of S. pneumoniae with oxacillin zone sizes of ≤ 19 mm 4. ≤ 2 4 ≥ 8 - - -

Amoxicillin in vitro susceptibility testing methods for determining minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and zone sizes have not been standardized, validated, or approved for testing H. pylori. Specimens for H. pylori and clarithromycin susceptibility test results should be obtained on isolates from patients who fail triple therapy. If clarithromycin resistance is found, a non-clarithromycin-containing regimen should be used.

Standardized susceptibility test procedures require use of laboratory controls to monitor and ensure the accuracy and precision of the supplies and reagents used in the assay, and the techniques of the individuals performing the test control. Standard amoxicillin powder should provide the following range of MIC values provided in Table 5 . For the diffusion technique the criteria provided in Table 5 should be achieved.

Table 5. Acceptable Quality Control Ranges for Amoxicillin QC limits for testing E. coli 35218 when tested on Haemophilus Test Medium (HTM) are ≥ 256 mcg/mL for amoxicillin; testing amoxicillin may help to determine if the isolate has maintained its ability to produce beta- lactamase 4.
Quality Control
Microorganism
Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations
(mcg/mL)
Disc Diffusion Zone Diameter (mm)
Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC ATCC = American Type Culture Collection 49619 0.03 to 0.12 ----
Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 700603 >128 ----

Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential. Studies to detect mutagenic potential of amoxicillin alone have not been conducted; however, the following information is available from tests on a 4:1 mixture of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was nonmutagenic in the Ames bacterial mutation assay, and the yeast gene conversion assay. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was weakly positive in the mouse lymphoma assay, but the trend toward increased mutation frequencies in this assay occurred at doses that were also associated with decreased cell survival. Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium was negative in the mouse micronucleus test and in the dominant lethal assay in mice. Potassium clavulanate alone was tested in the Ames bacterial mutation assay and in the mouse micronucleus test, and was negative in each of these assays. In a multi-generation reproduction study in rats, no impairment of fertility or other adverse reproductive effects were seen at doses up to 500 mg/kg (approximately 2 times the 3 g human dose based on body surface area).

Randomized, double-blind clinical studies performed in the United States in patients with H. pylori and duodenal ulcer disease (defined as an active ulcer or history of an ulcer within 1 year) evaluated the efficacy of lansoprazole in combination with amoxicillin capsules and clarithromycin tablets as triple 14-day therapy, or in combination with amoxicillin capsules as dual 14-day therapy, for the eradication of H. pylori. Based on the results of these studies, the safety and efficacy of 2 different eradication regimens were established: Triple therapy: Amoxicillin 1 gram twice daily/clarithromycin 500 mg twice daily/lansoprazole 30 mg twice daily (see Table 6). Dual therapy: Amoxicillin 1 gram three times daily/lansoprazole 30 mg three times daily (see Table 7).

All treatments were for 14 days. H. pylori eradication was defined as 2 negative tests (culture and histology) at 4 to 6 weeks following the end of treatment. Triple therapy was shown to be more effective than all possible dual therapy combinations. Dual therapy was shown to be more effective than both monotherapies. Eradication of H. pylori has been shown to reduce the risk of duodenal ulcer recurrence.

Table 6. H. pylori Eradication Rates When Amoxicillin is Administered as Part of a Triple Therapy Regimen
Study Triple Therapy Triple Therapy
Evaluable Analysis This analysis was based on evaluable patients with confirmed duodenal ulcer (active or within 1 year) and H. pylori infection at baseline defined as at least 2 of 3 positive endoscopic tests from CLOtest®, histology, and/or culture. Patients were included in the analysis if they completed the study. Additionally, if patients dropped out of the study due to an adverse event related to the study drug, they were included in the analysis as failures of therapy.
[95% Confidence Interval]
(number of patients)
Intent-to-Treat Analysis Patients were included in the analysis if they had documented H. pylori infection at baseline as defined above and had a confirmed duodenal ulcer (active or within 1 year). All dropouts were included as failures of therapy.
[95% Confidence Interval]
(number of patients)
Study 1 92 [80.0 - 97.7] (n = 48) 86 [73.3 - 93.5] (n = 55)
Study 2 86 [75.7 - 93.6] (n = 66) 83 [72.0 - 90.8] (n = 70)
Table 7. H. pylori Eradication Rates When Amoxicillin is Administered as Part of a Dual Therapy Regimen
Study Dual Therapy Dual Therapy
Evaluable Analysis 1
[95% Confidence Interval]
(number of patients)
Intent-to-Treat Analysis 2
[95% Confidence Interval]
(number of patients)
Study 1 77 [62.5 - 87.2] (n = 51) 70 [56.8 - 81.2] (n = 60)
Study 2 66 [51.9 - 77.5] (n = 58) 61 [48.5 - 72.9] (n = 67)

Amoxicillin Capsules, USP, for oral administration, contain 250 mg or 500 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate and are supplied as:

250 mg: yellow, opaque, hard gelatin capsules imprinted AMOX 250 on one side and GG 848 on the other side.

NDC 0781-2020-76............................................ bottles of 30 × 12's

NDC 0781-2020-01.................................................... bottles of 100

NDC 0781-2020-05.................................................... bottles of 500

500 mg: yellow, opaque, hard gelatin capsules imprinted AMOX 500 on one side and GG 849 on the other side.

NDC 0781-2613-76............................................ bottles of 30 × 12's

NDC 0781-2613-01.................................................... bottles of 100

NDC 0781-2613-05.................................................... bottles of 500

Amoxicillin Tablets, USP equivalent to 500 mg or 875 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate and are supplied as:

500 mg: oval-shaped, unscored, white to slightly yellowish film-coated tablets embossed GG-961 on one side and 500 on the other side.

NDC 0781-5060-20...................................................... bottles of 20

NDC 0781-5060-01.................................................... bottles of 100

875 mg: oval-shaped, scored on one side, white to slightly yellowish film-coated tablets embossed GG-962 on one side and 875 on the other side.

NDC 0781-5061-20...................................................... bottles of 20

NDC 0781-5061-01.................................................... bottles of 100

Amoxicillin for Oral Suspension, USP: Each 5 mL of reconstituted fruity flavored pink suspension contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg amoxicillin as the trihydrate.

125 mg/5 mL

NDC 0781-6039-58...................................................... 80 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6039-46.................................................... 100 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6039-55.................................................... 150 mL bottle

200 mg/5 mL

NDC 0781-6156-52...................................................... 50 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6156-57...................................................... 75 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6156-46.................................................... 100 mL bottle

250 mg/5 mL

NDC 0781-6041-58...................................................... 80 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6041-46.................................................... 100 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6041-55.................................................... 150 mL bottle

400 mg/5 mL

NDC 0781-6157-52...................................................... 50 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6157-57...................................................... 75 mL bottle

NDC 0781-6157-46.................................................... 100 mL bottle

Store capsules, tablets and unreconstituted powder for oral suspension at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container.

Information for Patients

CLINITEST® is a registered trademark of Miles, Inc.

CLINISTIX® is a registered trademark of Bayer Corporation.

CLOtest® is a registered trademark of Kimberly-Clark Corporation.

46176378

12-2015M

Manufactured in Austria by Sandoz GmbH for

Sandoz Inc., Princeton, NJ 08540

Product of Spain

NDC: 70934-054-30

Manufacturer

Denton Pharma, Inc. DBA Northwind Pharmaceuticals

Active Ingredients

Source

Drugs and Medications [472 Associated Drugs and Medications listed on BioPortfolio]

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These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium Powder for Oral Suspension, USP safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for Amo...

Amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium [hikma pharmaceutical]

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Amoxicillin and Clavulanate Potassium Powder for Oral Suspension, USP safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for Amo...

Clinical Trials [234 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Short Course of Amoxicillin for Erysipelas

The propose of this study is to determine whether a 6-day duration of oral amoxicillin treatment of erysipelas is non-inferior to a 14-day standard duration intravenous then oral amoxicill...

Amoxicillin Susceptibility of Oral Streptococci After a 3-Day or a 7-Day Amoxicillin Therapy

Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide problem closely linked to antibiotic consumption. To limit the risk to select resistant bacteria, the rules of prescription are to use high doses and s...

Treatment of Acute Sinusitis With High-Dose vs. Standard-Dose Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

Comparative-effectiveness study of the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis with amoxicillin/clavulanate 875mg/125mg bid for 7 days with or without the addition of immediate-release amox...

Effect of Stomach Reduction Surgery on the Parameters of Amoxicillin

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on the pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin. Methods: This study was performed as a randomized, open-label, single-d...

Comparative Efficacy of Single-dose Doxycycline Versus Standard 5- Day Amoxicillin Treatment

Abstract: Background The current practice in Senegal is to use broad-spectrum antibiotics including amoxicillin and/or cotrimoxazole in case of non-malarial fevers. First-line treatment wi...

PubMed Articles [73 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Determination of milk/plasma ratio and milk and plasma pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin after intramuscular administration in lactating cows.

This study was conducted to determine the passage ratio of amoxicillin into milk and its pharmacokinetics in milk and plasma after intramuscular administration. Five healthy dairy cows (Holstein, weig...

Does the use of amoxicillin/amoxicillin-clavulanic acid in third molar surgery reduce the risk of postoperative infection? A systematic review with meta-analysis.

The objectives of this systematic review were to investigate the efficacy of amoxicillin/amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for reducing the risk of postoperative infection after third molar surgery and to e...

Transfer of amoxicillin to suckling mink (Neovison vison) kits via the milk from dams treated orally or intra-muscularly.

Treatment of mink kits with pre-weaning diarrhea (PWD) can be time-consuming and expensive for the farmer, and the efficacy of the treatment procedure may be questioned. Evidence-based treatment proto...

Anaphylaxis probably induced by transfer of amoxicillin via oral sex.

We present a case of a possible amoxicillin-induced anaphylaxis in a sensitive woman triggered by an instance of oral sexual contact with a man who was taking amoxicillin-clavulanic acid treatment.To ...

Relative Oral Bioavailability of Two Amoxicillin-Clavulanic Acid Formulations in Healthy Dogs: A Pilot Study.

The use of human generic amoxicillin-clavulanic acid formulations in veterinary medicine is currently lacking supportive evidence. This pilot study was conducted to determine preliminary pharmacokinet...

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Pneumonia
Pneumonia (bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia and double pneumonia) is inflammation (swelling) of the tissue in one or both of your lungs. It is usually caused by an pneumococcal infection caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae.  However,...


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