Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare PubMed Articles

10:23 EST 20th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

While direct-acting antiviral regimens have been approved for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients in Taiwan, reimbursement is limited to certain populations. Thus, pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) remains the standard of care for many patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the percentage of CHC patients who were recommended and willing to receive PEG-IFN/RBV, and to ide...

In children, most small testicular tumors are benign, and testicular-sparing surgery (TSS) is a viable treatment option.

Until recently, the reference equations available for pulmonary function tests (PFTs) have had several weaknesses: they have often been based on relatively weak samples of normal subjects; they used mathematical models that are not very efficient in describing the evolution of PFTs over age; there were different equations for children/adolescents and for adults; the expression of the results solel...

In 2017, the World Health Organization categorized carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) as a priority 1, critical antibiotic-resistant bacteria. This study analyzed the clinical outcomes and investigated the molecular epidemiology of CRAB bacteremia in a medical center in Northern Taiwan.

It is well known that massage therapists routinely develop a number of health problems related to their profession.

To explore parents' experiences of transition and aftercare following their child's discharge from a paediatric intensive care unit to an in-patient ward.

After years of growth in many pancreas transplant programs, UNOS has reported declining transplant numbers in the USA. This precipitating trend urges for an evaluation of the transplant numbers and scientific productivity in the Eurotransplant region and the UK.

Multifunctional drug delivery nanoplatform (PDPP3T@PSNiAA NPs) based on NIR absorbing semiconducting polymer nanoparticles for pH/NIR light-controllably regulated drug release has been successfully prepared. In this strategy, pH/thermal-sensitive multifunctional polymer polystyrene-b-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) (PSNiAA) was meticulously designed and synthesized using the reversible...

Optimizing tactical fitness is important for combat readiness and injury prevention, especially as women have entered ground combat military occupational specialties.

Young patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy can experience ovarian failure, which can lead to chemotherapy-induced menopause (CIM) impacting the quality of life (QoL). A prospective study was set out to evaluate the impact of CIM on QoL in women of childbearing age with non-metastatic breast cancer, and this article reports results of the interim analysis conducted to evaluate feas...

Myofunctional therapy has been reported to be a valid adjunct treatment to OSA, but compliance was mentioned as an issue. We performed a prospective study on age matched randomized children submitted to myofunctional therapy (MFT) or to a functional device used during sleep (passive MFT).

To determine the clinical outcome for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients with pre-existing renal failure in the United States.

More than two consecutive miscarriages in less than 20 weeks of gestation is defined as recurrent spontaneous miscarriage. Various causes such as uterine anatomical anomalies, genetic factors, and infectious and endocrine disorders have been reported for RPL. However, approximately 50% of the causes are unknown, which can be due to male factors. Several studies have been done on semen parameters t...

Alcohol consumption correlates with type 2 diabetes through its effects on insulin resistance, changes in alcohol metabolite levels, and anti-inflammatory effects. We aim to clarify association between frequency of alcohol consumption and risk of diabetes in Taiwanese population.

Testing for high-risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) is an effective approach to the prevention of cervical cancer. This study in the Atsinanana area of Madagascar aimed to compare the management of women screened by visual inspection after coloration with acetic acid (VIA) and the management of women screened by HPV with VIA as a triage test.

Hypothermia occurs in about 60% of patients under anesthesia and is generally not managed properly during short lasting surgical procedures. Hypothermia is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The current study is designed to assess the effects of crystalloid warming on maternal and fetal outcomes in patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia.

The quality of the information provided in post-transplant follow-up is necessary to obtain a coherent and exploitable database. Since the beginning of 2017, three forms (Med-B-allograft) have been available: the first month (Day 0), Day 100 (second report) and an annual follow-up report. Recommendations for follow-up were addressed in the 2014 harmonization workshop, "Harmonization of Data Coding...

Incident parkinsonism in patients with comparable cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) burden is not fully explained by presence of SVD alone. We therefore investigated if severity of SVD, SVD location, incidence of SVD and/or brain atrophy plays a role in this distinct development of parkinsonism.

With the increase of ageing population, rates of chronic diseases and complex medical conditions, the management of high-risk surgical patients is likely to become a great concern in most countries. Considering all these factors, it is certainly rational and intuitive that internists should be included into a collaborative model of medical and surgical co-management, where their multi-potentiality...

Patient safety is an essential component of quality of care, especially when the complexity of care has reached extreme levels. Currently achieving this safety is considered a basic strategy of the National Health System. Nuclear Medicine departments have certain peculiarities that make them special in terms of patient safety, with situations that go beyond the common healthcare practice of other ...

It is now well established that Parkinson's disease (PD) is not only a movement disorder of the CNS but also a gastrointestinal disorder affecting the enteric nervous system (ENS). The gut-brain axis is a bidirectional communication between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract, which comprises besides the CNS and the ENS, the intestinal epithelial barrier, the intestinal microbiota and the ent...

The prognostic value of tumor sidedness in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) has been established, but its impact on nonmetastatic disease remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore the prognostic effect of tumor sidedness by subgroup survival analyses, according to histology and tumor grade in stage I-IV CRCs.

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