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The field of behavioral medicine continues to have a major impact on psychological science and public health. Presently, the field of behavioral medicine is undergoing rapid development and continues to evolve as a sub-discipline in allied disciplines. This Special Issue highlights emerging work that contributes to the evolution of behavioral medicine as pertaining to behavioral, psychosocial, and...
Incontinentia pigmenti (Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome) is a rare neuroectodermal dysplasia. It is an X-linked dominant disorder caused by mutations in the IKBKG/NEMO gene on Xq28. Approximately 80% of patients have a deletion of exons 4 to 10. Incontinentia pigmenti has an estimated incidence of 0.7 cases per 100,000 births. In hemizygous males, it is usually lethal, while in females, it has a wide sp...
The neuropeptide substance P can induce degranulation of cardiac mast cells at high concentrations. Herein, we seek to further understand substance P activation of cardiac mast cells in the context of other neuropeptides as well as modulation by non-neuropeptides. This is important given the increasingly recognized role of both cardiac mast cells and substance P in adverse cardiac remodeling. To a...
We aimed to characterize the clinical and pathologic findings of aortic dissection (AD) over a nearly 60-year period.
Commensal gut microbiota-host immune responses are experimentally delineated via gnotobiotic animal models or alternatively by antibiotic perturbation of gut microbiota. Osteoimmunology investigations in germ-free mice, revealing that gut microbiota immunomodulatory actions critically regulate physiologic skeletal development, highlight that antibiotic perturbation of gut microbiota may dysregulat...
Currently, two models of artificial neural network (ANN) and logistic regression (LR) are known as models that extensively used in medical sciences. The aim of this study was to compare the ANN and LR models in prediction of Health-related outcomes in traumatic patients using a systematic review.
Disruption of intracoronary plaque with thrombus formation resulting in severe or total occlusion of the culprit coronary artery provides the pathophysiologic foundation for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Management of STEMI focuses on timely restoration of coronary blood flow along with antithrombotic therapies and secondary prevention strategies. The purpose of this review i...
Axial transmission quantitative acoustics (ax-QA) has shown to be a promising tool for assessing bone health and properties in a safe, inexpensive, and portable manner. This study investigated the efficacy of low-frequency ax-QA measured at the tibia, paired with a support vector machine (SVM) approach for combining multiple acoustic indicators, to diagnose osteoporosis as defined by bone mineral ...
To investigate patient-level predictors of initiation of voice therapy for paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFM).
To determine the consistency and accuracy of preoperative diagnosis in the voice clinic with intraoperative diagnosis and to suggest a standardized laryngeal examination protocol in the UK that is supported by evidence-based findings.
Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a novel block where local anesthetic is deposited between the erector spinae muscle and the underlying transverse process. Safety of this technique is emphasized in the majority of reports, but with a continued increase of its use, the number of related complications and side effects is likely to expand. We report the case of a patient treated with ESPB for a c...
Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint originating from muscles Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is mainly associated with trigger points (TrP) in the muscle tissue. We compared the intravenously administered non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and trigger point injection (TPI) in the treatment of LBP patients admitted to the emergency department due to pain caused by TrPs.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between the use of fibrin-collagen sealants on lymph node dissection areas and formation of lymphocele after lymphadenectomy in patients with gynecological malignancies.
The optimal adjuvant management of women with FIGO Stage III-IVA endometrial cancer (EC) is unclear. While recent prospective data suggest that treatment with pelvic radiotherapy (RT) prior to chemotherapy (CT) is not associated with a survival benefit compared to CT alone, no prospective randomized trial has included a treatment arm in which CT is given before RT.
Web search engines have become pervasive in recent years, obtaining information easily on a variety of topics, from customer services and goods to practical information. Beyond these search interests, however, there is growing interest in obtaining health advice or information online. As a result, health and health policy researchers are starting to take note of potential data sources for surveill...
Parametric models are commonly used to describe the dispersive dielectric properties of biological tissues. While distinct regions of dispersion have been identified, the relative contribution of each during electrical stimulation is unknown. This study quantified the contribution of individual poles in parametric models of brain and muscle dielectric properties during electrical stimulation. The ...
Doppler echocardiography, including the ratio of transmitral E to tissue Doppler e' velocities (E/e'), is widely used to estimate mean left atrial pressure (mLAP). This method, however, has not been validated in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
This paper considers the containment control problem for uncertain QUAV (Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) multiagents with time-varying payloads under a fixed topology graph, and a distributed adaptive containment control protocol with multiple variable constraints is proposed. Generally, the control framework is classified into two layers. In the first layer, the desired trajectories are determ...