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Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is known for its role in ventricular remodeling, inflammatory response, cell survival, and apoptosis. However, its role in improving myocardial function in rat hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and protecting against apoptosis induced in cardiomyocytes by anoxia-reoxygenation (A/R) has not been elucidated. This study investigated the protective effects and molecular mechanisms of TGF-β on myocardial function and cardiomyocyte apoptosis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology
lncUCA1 is abundantly expressed in the heart, indicating it may be important in maintaining normal myocardial function. However, the underlying mechanism of lncUCA1 in heart disease, particularly myoc...
Ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury causes several diseases, including acute kidney injury. Hibernating mammals survive periods of torpor with a marked drop in tissue perfusion, interspersed with period...
Salidroside, a phenyl-propanoid glycoside isolated from the medicinal plant , has potent cardioprotective effects, especially against myocardial hypoxia and reoxygenation injury. However, the molecula...
To elucidate the protective role of resveratrol (RSV) in myocardial apoptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and to explore its underlying mecha...
Researches have showed that cardiac shock wave therapy (CSWT) could improve left ventricular function and attenuate LV remodeling of the ischemic heart. Apoptosis plays an important role in myocardial...
Evidence is emerging that those patients with cyanotic pathologies may be more vulnerable to end-organ injury during and after surgery than those patients without, because of compromised c...
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), produced mainly in enteroendocrine cells, participates in energy homeostasis and glucose metabolism by regulating islet hormone secretion, gastrointestinal...
An AGE-rich diet can induce after 2-6 weeks persistent increases in mediators linked to vascular dysfunction (e.g. TNFα, VCAM-1) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Benfotiami...
The administration of high dose HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (Statins) to patients with acute ST-elevation MI (hypoxia/ischemia) who are treated with primary PCI (reoxygenation/ reperfusio...
Investigate if caffeine accumulation in human lens epithelial cells after oral caffeine intake is sufficient to prevent from experimental ultraviolet radiation induced apoptosis
A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by an azido group. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA during reverse transcription. It improves immunologic function, partially reverses the HIV-induced neurological dysfunction, and improves certain other clinical abnormalities associated with AIDS. Its principal toxic effect is dose-dependent suppression of bone marrow, resulting in anemia and leukopenia.
A netrin that binds the DCC RECEPTOR or UNC5 receptors, resulting respectively in axon attraction or repulsion. Its interaction with these receptors also prevents APOPTOSIS; it may function as a tumor suppressor protein.
A selective beta-1-adrenergic partial agonist. Because it is a partial agonist (DRUG PARTIAL AGONISM) it acts like an agonist when sympathetic activity is low and as an antagonist when sympathetic activity is high. It reduces MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA and improves ventricular function in patients with mild to moderate heart failure. In patients with severe heart failure it has been shown to produce benefits in systolic and diastolic function.
A conserved class of proteins that control APOPTOSIS in both VERTEBRATES and INVERTEBRATES. IAP proteins interact with and inhibit CASPASES, and they function as ANTI-APOPTOTIC PROTEINS. The protein class is defined by an approximately 80-amino acid motif called the baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat.
An acetanilide and piperazine derivative that functions as a SODIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER and prevents the release of enzymes during MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA. It is used in the treatment of ANGINA PECTORIS.
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...