Footwear Decreases Gait Asymmetry during Running.

08:00 EDT 21st October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Footwear Decreases Gait Asymmetry during Running."

Previous research on elderly people has suggested that footwear may improve neuromuscular control of motion. If footwear does in fact improve neuromuscular control, then such an influence might already be present in young, healthy adults. A feature that is often used to assess neuromuscular control of motion is the level of gait asymmetry. The objectives of the study were (a) to develop a comprehensive asymmetry index (CAI) that is capable of detecting gait asymmetry changes caused by external boundary conditions such as footwear, and (b) to use the CAI to investigate whether footwear influences gait asymmetry during running in a healthy, young cohort. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected for both legs of 15 subjects performing five barefoot and five shod over-ground running trials. Thirty continuous gait variables including ground reaction forces and variables of the hip, knee, and ankle joints were computed for each leg. For each individual, the differences between the variables for the right and left leg were calculated. Using this data, a principal component analysis was conducted to obtain the CAI. This study had two main outcomes. First, a sensitivity analysis suggested that the CAI had an improved sensitivity for detecting changes in gait asymmetry caused by external boundary conditions. The CAI may, therefore, have important clinical applications such as monitoring the progress of neuromuscular diseases (e.g. stroke or cerebral palsy). Second, the mean CAI for shod running (131.2 ± 48.5; mean ± standard deviation) was significantly lower (p = 0.041) than the CAI for barefoot running (155.7 ± 39.5). This finding suggests that in healthy, young adults gait asymmetry is reduced when running in shoes compared to running barefoot, which may be a result of improved neuromuscular control caused by changes in the afferent sensory feedback.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0138631


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [2982 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Local dynamic stability of the lower extremity in novice and trained runners while running intraditional and minimal footwear.

Understanding how footwear cushioning influences movement stability may be helpful in reducing injuries related to repetitive loading.

The effects of habitual footwear in gait outcomes in people with Parkinson's disease.

Gait is impaired in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Although the effect of habitual footwear on gait spatiotemporal parameters has already been established in neurologically healthy individ...

The effect of unstable shoe designs on the variability of gait measures.

Unstable footwear designs are popular as training devices to strengthen human neuromuscular control, and many studies have evaluated their effect on gait parameters in comparison to conventional footw...

Can runners maintain a newly learned gait pattern outside a laboratory environment following gait retraining?

Previous peak tibial shock gait retraining programs, which were usually conducted on a treadmill, were reported to be effective on impact loading reduction in runners. However, whether the trained run...

The balance control of young children under different shod conditions in a naturalistic environment.

A primary function of footwear is to protect the feet from environmental conditions and possibly, to reduce the risk of injury. In addition, the use of footwear may be critical to improve the balance ...

Clinical Trials [1782 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Changes in Trans Tibial Amputee Running Asymmetry During Prolonged Effort

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of prolonged effort in long distance running on the biomechanical bilateral asymmetry in the lower limbs of trans tibial amputee runnin...

The Effect of Commercially Available Footwear Interventions in Meniscectomy Patients

Injuries to the meniscus are common in sport. A meniscectomy is often performed to manage symptoms associated with the meniscal injury. Following a meniscectomy individuals are highly like...

The Influence of Running and Velocity to Kinematic Parameters

Some researches have found that gait posture velocity have influence on kinematic parameters. However, how the gait velocity and posture will influence kinematic parameters remain unclear....

Gait Retraining for Runners With Knee Osteoarthritis

Tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (TFOA) is highly prevalent in older adults, and often causes symptoms and functional limitations. Physical activity is widely advocated in people with TFOA, and...

Alternate Run Study

The proposed study will investigate the effect of alternating footwear model and workout-type on the occurrence of running-related pain. To achieve this goal participants will be randomly ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Congenital or acquired asymmetry of the face.

An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.

Impaired ambulation not attributed to sensory impairment or motor weakness. FRONTAL LOBE disorders; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES (e.g., PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS); DEMENTIA, MULTI-INFARCT; ALZHEIMER DISEASE; and other conditions may be associated with gait apraxia.

Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.

A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. This condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of CSF including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, chronic MENINGITIS, and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp631-3)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Joint Disorders
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Searches Linking to this Article