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Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Pediatric Calvaria.

08:00 EDT 22nd October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cavernous Hemangiomas of the Pediatric Calvaria."

This series reports 2 pediatric cases of calvarial cavernous hemangioma (cavernoma, cavernous malformation) treated surgically at Children's Hospital Colorado between 2008 and 2010. Both cases presented as painless bony masses which enlarged over time. Both patients underwent surgical resection without complication and have remained recurrence free since surgery. Because so few cases have been reported among pediatric populations, little is known regarding the epidemiology and prognosis of calvarial cavernous hemangiomas in children. These cases represent interesting additions to the small body of literature on these rare tumors.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pediatric neurosurgery
ISSN: 1423-0305
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An acquired or spontaneous abnormality in which there is communication between CAVERNOUS SINUS, a venous structure, and the CAROTID ARTERIES. It is often associated with HEAD TRAUMA, specifically basilar skull fractures (SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR). Clinical signs often include VISION DISORDERS and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION.

Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the CAVERNOUS SINUS of the brain. Infections of the paranasal sinuses and adjacent structures, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, and THROMBOPHILIA are associated conditions. Clinical manifestations include dysfunction of cranial nerves III, IV, V, and VI, marked periorbital swelling, chemosis, fever, and visual loss. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p711)

The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).

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