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The use of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) for acute respiratory failure in children is prevalent despite the lack of efficacy data.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Respiratory distress syndrome is one of the main causes of mortality in premature neonates. Treatment of these neonates with invasive mechanical ventilation has side effects such as chronic pulmonary ...
Low tidal volume ventilation (LTVV, 6 mL/kg) benefits patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and may aid those with other causes of respiratory failure. Current early ventilation pra...
High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is a common but unproven management strategy in paediatric critical care. Oscillator settings have been traditionally guided by patient age and/or weight ...
The distribution of ventilation during HFV is asynchronous, non-homogeneous and frequency dependent. We hypothesized that differences in the regional distribution of ventilation at different oscillato...
Background/Objectives: Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) is a frequent cause of pediatric ICU admission. Early treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) plus conventional mechanic...
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nasal high frequency oscillatory ventilation(NHFOV) in preterms with respiratory disease syndrome(RDS) after extubation.
Although High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV) has been used in case of unresponsive to conventional mechanical ventilation both in children and newborns, there is no data on its s...
Severe pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) is a life-threatening and frequent problem experienced by thousands of children each year. Little evidence supports current sup...
Very low birth weight infants are at increased risk of requiring prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation and multiple intubations, both of which are risk factors for ventilator-induce...
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
A humanized monoclonal antibody and ANTIVIRAL AGENT that is used to prevent RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS INFECTIONS in high risk pediatric patients.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...