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Early High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Failure: A Propensity Score Analysis.

08:00 EDT 22nd October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Early High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Failure: A Propensity Score Analysis."

The use of high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) for acute respiratory failure in children is prevalent despite the lack of efficacy data.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
ISSN: 1535-4970
Pages:

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PubMed Articles [33016 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Lung Volume Optimization Maneuver Responses in Pediatric High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation.

Noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.

Respiratory distress syndrome is one of the main causes of mortality in premature neonates. Treatment of these neonates with invasive mechanical ventilation has side effects such as chronic pulmonary ...

Prospective Assessment of the Feasibility of a Trial of Low Tidal Volume Ventilation for Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure.

Low tidal volume ventilation (LTVV, 6 mL/kg) benefits patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and may aid those with other causes of respiratory failure. Current early ventilation pra...

Feasibility of an alternative, physiologic, individualized open-lung approach to high-frequency oscillatory ventilation in children.

High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is a common but unproven management strategy in paediatric critical care. Oscillator settings have been traditionally guided by patient age and/or weight ...

REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF CHEST WALL DISPLACEMENTS IN INFANTS DURING HIGH FREQUENCY VENTILATION (HFV).

The distribution of ventilation during HFV is asynchronous, non-homogeneous and frequency dependent. We hypothesized that differences in the regional distribution of ventilation at different oscillato...

Clinical Trials [19615 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation Associated With Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Children

Background/Objectives: Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) is a frequent cause of pediatric ICU admission. Early treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) plus conventional mechanic...

Nasal High Frequency Oscillatory Versus Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation in Neonate After Extubation

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nasal high frequency oscillatory ventilation(NHFOV) in preterms with respiratory disease syndrome(RDS) after extubation.

Rescue High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in Newborns Who Do Not Respond to Conventional Ventilation

Although High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV) has been used in case of unresponsive to conventional mechanical ventilation both in children and newborns, there is no data on its s...

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Severe pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) is a life-threatening and frequent problem experienced by thousands of children each year. Little evidence supports current sup...

Nasal High-frequency Jet Ventilation (nHFJV) Following Extubation in Preterm Infants

Very low birth weight infants are at increased risk of requiring prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation and multiple intubations, both of which are risk factors for ventilator-induce...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).

Respiratory support system used primarily with rates of about 100 to 200/min with volumes of from about one to three times predicted anatomic dead space. Used to treat respiratory failure and maintain ventilation under severe circumstances.

Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.

A humanized monoclonal antibody and ANTIVIRAL AGENT that is used to prevent RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS INFECTIONS in high risk pediatric patients.

A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.

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