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Chronic pulmonary accumulation of iron oxide nanoparticles induced Th1-type immune response stimulating the function of antigen-presenting cells.

08:00 EDT 19th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chronic pulmonary accumulation of iron oxide nanoparticles induced Th1-type immune response stimulating the function of antigen-presenting cells."

Although there is growing evidence that suggests that pulmonary exposure to nanoparticles causes adverse health effects by modulating immune system of the body, available information is very limited. In this study, we investigated immune response following chronic pulmonary accumulation of iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs, Fe2O3). FeNPs have a needle-like shape in suspension (101.3±4.2nm). On day 90 after a single intratracheal instillation (0.5, 1, and 2mg/kg), the FeNPs remained in the lung and particle-laden macrophages were clearly observed in the BAL fluid of the treated-mice. The number of total cells and proportions of neutrophils and lymphocytes significantly increased at 2mg/kg dose, and the percentage of apoptotic cells and LDH release increased in a dose-dependent manner. We also found that Th1-polarized inflammatory response was induced in the lung of the treated group accompanying the elevated secretion of chemokines, including GM-CSF, MCP-1, and MIP-1. Additionally, FeNPs enhanced the expression of antigen presentation-related proteins, including CD80, CD86, and MHC class II, on antigen-presenting cells in BAL fluid. Taken together, we suggest that chronic pulmonary accumulation of FeNPs may induce Th1-polarized immune response augmenting the function of antigen-presenting cells in the lung.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental research
ISSN: 1096-0953
Pages: 138-147

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