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Lung cancer is the most common cancer that is caused by perturbation of regulatory pathways rather than dysfunction of a single gene. Cisplatin (CDDP; cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II) is the first member of a class of platinum-containing anti-cancer medication, which binds to DNA and triggers apoptosis. CDDP-based chemotherapy is used to treat various types of cancers. However, the efficacy of CDDP in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is limited by acquired drug resistance. MicroRNAs have recently emerged as key regulators of cancers, and miR-26a is one of down-regulated miRNAs in A549/CDDPres cell line. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-26a in CDDP resistance in NSCLC as well as the underlying mechanisms.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cancer biology & therapy
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common and lethal human malignant tumor worldwide. Platinum-based chemotherapy is still the mainstay of treatment for NSCLC. However, long-term chemother...
Cisplatin (DDP) resistance is a major obstacle in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MicroRNA-219a-5p (miR-219a-5p) has been reported to be a tumor suppressor in several cancers, but...
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a type of solid extracranial tumor that usually occurs in babies and children. Chemotherapy is a common method for NB treatment, however, the drug resistance exerts during the ch...
Mitogen activating protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) is critical in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/MAPK pathway. Gastric cancer tissues have microRNA-206 (miR-206) down-regulation. This study aime...
CD133 positive (CD133) cells are cancer stem cells in glioblastoma that are associated with poor prognosis and resistance to radiotherapy. However, the role of CD133 in chemoresistance is inconclusive...
The purpose of the study is to find out the differential expression profiling of microRNA before and after adiministration of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing procedures, and then in...
This projective observational study is planned to enroll more than 300 advanced breast cancer patients, who were proved as Her-2 positive using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) an...
This investigation will examine the impact of skeletal muscle glycogen stores on skeletal muscle and circulating microRNA expression and exogenous carbohydrate oxidation. Primary Objectiv...
In this study, the effects of crucumin on cellular and humoral immune system in patients with osteoarthritis will be investigated. Concentration of CXCL8, April, CX3CL1 and IL-17 will be e...
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy in developed countries and the fifth most common cause of cancer-related death in women. Poor prognosis is due to chal...
Chemically-engineered oligonucleotides used to selectively inhibit expression of target genes through sequence-specific binding of corresponding microRNA (miRNA) sites.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs, 21-25 nucleotides in length generated from single-stranded microRNA gene transcripts by the same RIBONUCLEASE III, Dicer, that produces small interfering RNAs (RNA, SMALL INTERFERING). They become part of the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX and repress the translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of target RNA by binding to homologous 3'UTR region as an imperfect match. The small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), let-7 and lin-4, from C. elegans, are the first 2 miRNAs discovered, and are from a class of miRNAs involved in developmental timing.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
A type of strength-building exercise program that requires the body muscle to exert a force against some form of resistance, such as weight, stretch bands, water, or immovable objects. Resistance exercise is a combination of static and dynamic contractions involving shortening and lengthening of skeletal muscles.
A microRNA (abbreviated miRNA) is a small non-coding RNA molecule (containing about 22 nucleotides) found in plants, animals, and some viruses. Key findings: miRNA is involved in the normal functioning of eukaryotic cells, so has dysregulation...
GILOTRIF (afatinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletions or exon 21 (L8...
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...