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Fat-induced transcript 1 (FIT1/FITM1) gene is a member of the conserved gene family important for triglyceride-rich lipid droplet accumulation. FIT1 gene displays a similar muscle-specific expression across pigs, mice, and humans. Thus pigs can act as a useful model of many human diseases resulting from misexpression of FIT1 gene. Triglyceride content in skeletal muscle plays a key role in pork meat quality and flavors. An insertion/deletion mutation in porcine FIT1 coding region shows a high correlation with a series of fat traits. To gain better knowledge of the potential role of FIT1 gene in human diseases and the correlations with pork meat quality, our attention is given to the region upstream of the porcine FIT1 coding sequence. We cloned ~1 kb of the 5'-flanking region of porcine FIT1 gene to define the role of this sequence in modulating the myogenic expression. A canonical E-box element that activated porcine FIT1 promoter activity during myogenesis was identified. Further analysis demonstrated that promoter activity was induced by overexpression of MyoD1, which bound to this canonical E-box during C2C12 differentiation. This is the first evidence that FIT1 as the direct novel target of MyoD is involved in muscle development.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of molecular sciences
Na/K-ATPase is responsible for maintaining electrochemical gradients of Na and K, which is essential for a variety of cellular functions including neuronal activity. The α-subunit of the Na/K-ATPase ...
Rotavirus species H (RVH) has been detected in pigs, humans and bats. Moreover, porcine RVHs have often been identified in several swine-producing countries in recent years. Despite their zoonotic imp...
Porcine satellite cells play a vital role in the construction, development, and self-renewal of skeletal muscle. In this study, porcine satellite cells were exposed to mimic viral infection poly (I:C)...
Oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of granulosa cells (GCs) is believed to be an important cause of follicular atresia. Our previous work showed that the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (also known as JNK) mi...
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Tissue Plasminogen Activator and Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor Type-1 Gene Expression will be evaluated clinically and histopathologically through Hematoxylin and eosin as well as by qua...
This study will assess the potential pharmacodynamic and potential pharmacokinet ic interaction between GK Activator (2) and glyburide, in type 2 diabetes patien ts not adequately controll...
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This study will evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of GK Activator (2) at doses ranging from 25mg - 100mg po bid, administered alone or in combination with metformin, in patien...
This study will assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of increasing doses of GK Activator (2) in patients with type 2 diabetes whose condition has not been optimally controlled with...
Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations.
A myogenic regulatory factor that controls myogenesis. Though it is not clear how its function differs from the other myogenic regulatory factors, MyoD appears to be related to fusion and terminal differentiation of the muscle cell.
Species of ENTEROVIRUS causing mild to severe neurological diseases among pigs especially in Eastern Europe. Mild strains are also present in Canada, U.S., and Australia. Specific species include Porcine enterovirus A and Porcine enterovirus B.
A family of muscle-specific transcription factors which bind to DNA in control regions and thus regulate myogenesis. All members of this family contain a conserved helix-loop-helix motif which is homologous to the myc family proteins. These factors are only found in skeletal muscle. Members include the myoD protein (MYOD PROTEIN); MYOGENIN; myf-5, and myf-6 (also called MRF4 or herculin).
A mutant strain of TRANSMISSIBLE GASTROENTERITIS VIRUS causing mild or subclinical respiratory infections in young SWINE. It may also play a role in post-weaning porcine respiratory disease complex, especially when combined with other respiratory agents.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...