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Analogs of 1,25-dihydroxyergocalciferol, modified in the side-chain and in the A-ring, were tested for their antiproliferative activity against a series of human cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo toxicity. The proliferation inhibition caused by the analogs was higher than that of the parent compounds, while the toxicity, measured as the serum calcium level, was lower. All analogs were able to induce, in HL-60 and MV4-11 leukemic cells, G₀/G₁ cell cycle arrest and differentiation expressed as morphological signs typical for monocytes. The analogs also induced the expression of CD11b and/or CD14 cell-differentiation markers. The most potent analogs, PRI-5105, PRI-5106, PRI-5201 and PRI-5202, were also able to induce vitamin D receptor (VDR) protein expression, mainly in the cytoplasmic fraction of HL-60 or MV4-11 cells. The most active analogs were the 19-nor ones with an extended and rigidified side-chain (PRI-5201 and PRI-5202), as in the former analogs PRI-1906 and PRI-1907. Epimerization at C-24 (PRI-5101) or introduction of an additional hydroxyl at C-23 (PRI-5104) reduced the toxicity of the analog with retained antiproliferative activity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of molecular sciences
Two complexes of Zn(II) and Ni(II) ions with the urea derivative, 2-benzimidazolyl-urea (BZIMU), of formulae [ZnBZIMU)(HO)](NO) (1) and [Ni(BZIMU)(CHCHOH)](NO) (2) were synthesized and characterized b...
Chagas disease is the leading cause of cardiac-related mortality in endemic Latin American countries. Trypanosoma cruzi, the disease-causing pathogen, is unable to synthesize purines de novo, necessit...
A series of (±)-trans-dihydronarciclasine and (±)-trans-dihydrolycoricidine derivatives with variously substituted ring A was synthesised and evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against 6...
To explore antitumor agents with potent efficacy and low toxicity, scutellarein derivatives with benzoic acid mustard (10a-c, 11a-c and 13a-c) were designed and synthesized. The antiproliferative acti...
In spite of recent efforts to eradicate malaria in the world, this parasitic disease is still considered a major public health problem, with a total of 216 million cases of malaria and 445,000 deaths ...
The primary purpose of this interventional, placebo controlled, crossover, double blind, basic science exploratory study is to investigate whether there is a difference in brain electrophy...
The objective of this study is to assess the performance and safety of a formulation of the antiproliferative agent, sirolimus coated on modified Bx VELOCITY Balloon-Expandable Stent mount...
A body of preclinical data has provided a strong rationale for evaluating the combination of IFN-alpha with retinoic acid. The two drugs have different mechanisms of action and, when used...
To determine drug efficacy and safety in HIV-infected patients treated with zidovudine ( AZT ) versus stavudine ( d4T ) versus both drugs. Also, to compare short- and long-term changes in ...
Octreotide capsule is a novel, orally-administered formulation of the commercially-available injectable drug octreotide. In a recent phase 3 trial, oral octreotide capsules demonstrated su...
One of the type I interferons produced by fibroblasts in response to stimulation by live or inactivated virus or by double-stranded RNA. It is a cytokine with antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulating activity.
An indolizidine alkaloid from the plant Swainsona canescens that is a potent alpha-mannosidase inhibitor. Swainsonine also exhibits antimetastatic, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory activity.
Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).
A component of the MRN complex along with Rad50 and Nibrin. Together, these perform a critical function in the repair of DOUBLE-STRANDED DNA BREAKS; RECOMBINATIONAL DNA REPAIR; maintenance of TELOMERE integrity and MEIOSIS. MRE11, which contains a poly(ADP)-ribose binding motif and associates with PARP1, possesses single-strand endonuclease activity and double-strand-specific 3'-5' exonuclease activity. Mutations in the MRE11 gene are associated with ATAXIA-TELANGIECTASIA-like disorder 1.
An APOBEC deaminase that functions as an inhibitor of RETROVIRIDAE replication and inhibits the mobility of RETROTRANSPOSONS via deaminase-dependent and independent mechanisms. It is selective for SINGLE-STRANDED DNA and does not deaminate double-stranded DNA or single or DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA. It exhibits potent antiviral activity against VIF PROTEIN deficient HIV-1 through the creation of hypermutations in the VIRAL DNA. It also has anti-viral activity against SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES and HEPATITIS B VIRUS.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...