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Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is reported to have increased in the last decades. Early diagnosis is crucial for proper management of this tumor. We report a case of a 48-year-old man who was initially diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed multiple lesions with hypersignals in the bilateral basal ganglia and brain stem in T2-weighted image and non-enhancement, while positron emission tomography showed a low uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose in the affected brain, indicative of demyelination. However, this individual was correctly diagnosed with PCNSL after biopsy and further histological analysis. Primary central nervous system lymphoma must be considered even when nonenhancing, diffuse lesions are seen on MRI. A visible tumor on imaging is essential to ensure an early brain biopsy and histological diagnosis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neurosciences (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
Relapse of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) occurs primarily at the initial site, relapse outside central nervous system is very rare.
Primary central nervous system lymphoma remission after steroid treatment is a well-known phenomenon, but remission without any type of treatment is extremely rare. We present a rare case of spontaneo...
Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare, aggressive, yet highly chemosensitive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma which is associated with significant morbidity. Very little is known...
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare disease affecting the brain, leptomeninges, spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid, or vitreoretinal compartment, without evidence of systemic disea...
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methotrexate is first-line chemotherapy. Autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) is increasingly used...
The purpose of this study is to determine if pemetrexed is effective in the treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) that has either worsened during treatment or has re...
An open-label, non-randomized, two-stage, multicenter study evaluating clinical efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of PQR309 in patients with relapsed or refractory Primary Central Nerv...
This research is being done to investigate cognition in long term survivors of Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma (PCNSL). Sometimes caregivers as well as patients who no longer have ...
The purpose of this study is to find out if immunotherapy (rituximab) added to chemotherapy is a safe treatment for primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). PCNSL is a rare tumor. ...
RATIONALE: Antineoplastons are naturally-occurring substances that may also be made in the laboratory. Antineoplastons may inhibit the growth of cancer cells. PURPOSE: This phase II trial...
A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.
Benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges. Included in this category are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
Infections of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges by single celled organisms of the former subkingdom known as protozoa. The central nervous system may be the primary or secondary site of protozoal infection. Examples of primary infections include cerebral amebiasis, granulomatous amebic encephalitis, primary amebic meningoencephalitis, and TRYPANOSOMIASIS, AFRICAN. Cerebral malaria, cerebral babesiosis, and chagasic meningoencephalitis are examples of secondary infections. These diseases may occur as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS or arise in immunocompetent hosts. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch27, pp37-47)
The enteric, parasympathetic, and sympathetic nervous systems taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the central nervous system, especially the hypothalamus and the solitary nucleus, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS; these and related central and sensory structures are sometimes (but not here) considered to be part of the autonomic nervous system itself.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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