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Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is being performed for the surgical management of upper urinary tract pathology. With the development of surgical instruments with improved deflection mechanisms, visuality, and durability, the role of RIRS has expanded to the treatment of urinary calculi located in the upper urinary tract, which compensates for the shortcomings of shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy. RIRS can be considered a conservative treatment of upper urinary tract urothelial cancer (UTUC) or for postoperative surveillance after radical treatment of UTUC under an intensive surveillance program. RIRS has a steep learning curve and various surgical techniques can be used. The choice of instruments during RIRS should be based on increased surgical efficiency, decreased complications, and improved cost-benefit ratio.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Korean journal of urology
In the recent past, there were numerous and promising technological developments in the field of endourology leading to tremendous changes in the management of urolithiasis. This review will try to we...
Flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) has become a success story in urology. Since its implementation into the treatment of urolithiasis, fURS has demonstrated excellent clinical performance and safety. In rec...
To systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of retrograde flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in treating intermediate-size renal stones (2-3cm).
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To analyze the impact of residual stone fragments seen on abdominal X-ray (KUB) after ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy (URS) on the risk of repeat surgical intervention.
Aim of this study is to investigate the effects of increased intrarenal pressure during flexible ureteroscopy on renal blood flow. Patients undergoing flexible ureteroscopy (F-URS) and la...
In this pilot study, we wish to evaluate the performance of a robotic flexible ureteorscopy (ILY) in the treatment of nephrolithiasis in the superior excretory system
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to assess safety, efficacy of Flexible ureteroscopy (FURS) holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy (LL) compared to extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) in management of lower calyceal stones...
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Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the ureter.
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Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
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