Advertisement

Topics

Archaeal Enzymes and Applications in Industrial Biocatalysts.

08:00 EDT 30th September 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Archaeal Enzymes and Applications in Industrial Biocatalysts."

Archaeal enzymes are playing an important role in industrial biotechnology. Many representatives of organisms living in "extreme" conditions, the so-called Extremophiles, belong to the archaeal kingdom of life. This paper will review studies carried by the Exeter group and others regarding archaeal enzymes that have important applications in commercial biocatalysis. Some of these biocatalysts are already being used in large scale industrial processes for the production of optically pure drug intermediates and amino acids and their analogues. Other enzymes have been characterised at laboratory scale regarding their substrate specificity and properties for potential industrial application. The increasing availability of DNA sequences from new archaeal species and metagenomes will provide a continuing resource to identify new enzymes of commercial interest using both bioinformatics and screening approaches.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Archaea (Vancouver, B.C.)
ISSN: 1472-3654
Pages: 147671

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [8962 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Thermophiles and the applications of their enzymes as new biocatalysts.

Ecological and efficient alternatives to industrial processes have sparked interest for using microorganisms and enzymes as biocatalysts. One of the difficulties is finding candidates capable of resis...

Tailoring enzyme microenvironment: State-of-the-art strategy to fulfill the quest for efficient bio-catalysis.

Enzymes as green industrial biocatalysts have become a powerful norm that offers several advantages over traditional catalytic agents with regard to process efficiency, reusability, sustainability, an...

Recent preparative applications of redox enzymes.

Redox enzymes offer many powerful transformations for the efficient industrial-scale synthesis of diverse chemicals desired by society. Here we survey recent preparative applications of redox enzymes,...

Thermoacidophilic Sulfolobus species as source for extremozymes and as novel archaeal platform organisms.

Archaea dominate extreme habitats and possess unique cellular and metabolic properties with novel or modified metabolic pathways and unusual enzymes. Thermoacidophilic Sulfolobus species and their the...

Naturally-derived biopolymers: Potential platforms for enzyme immobilization.

Naturally-derived biopolymers such as alginate, chitosan, cellulose, agarose, guar gum/guaran, agar, carrageenan, gelatin, dextran, xanthan, and pectins, etc. have appealed significant attention over ...

Clinical Trials [2018 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Use of Smartphone Health Applications Among Patients Aged 18 to 69 Years Recruited in Primary Care in Grenoble Area

This study evaluates the frequency of use of smartphone health applications among people consulting in primary care in the Grenoble region, France. This is a descriptive study using a que...

Smartphone Application-Based Vital Sign Monitors

Health-related applications for smartphones represent a new and popular market for consumer oriented products. These applications are generally not considered medical devices and, as such,...

Multicenter Trial Evaluating Quality of Tears Produced by Nasal Neurostimulation

The objectives of this study are: - To compare the change in levels of tear proteins and inflammatory mediators pre and post administration between the intranasal and extranasal a...

Comparison of Different Massage Techniques Plus Conservative Applications in Low Back Pain

The aim of this study is to compare of different massage techniques plus conservative aplications in low back pain treatment.

Study To Assess Local Tolerability of Crisaborole 2% Ointment and Vehicle Ointment In Healthy Participants Using Subject-reported Assessments and Objective Measurements

A double-blind within-subject study to estimate observed application site adverse events following topical applications of crisaborole and vehicle in healthy participants

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Archaeal enzymes of the DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE I class that catalyze ATP-independent breakage of one of the two strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strand through the break, and rejoining of the broken strand. These archaeal enzymes reduce the topological stress in the DNA structure by relaxing negatively, but not positively, supercoiled DNA.

Archaeal enzymes of the DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE II class that catalyze ATP-dependent breakage of both strands of DNA, passage of the unbroken strands through the breaks, and rejoining of the broken strands. These enzymes bring about relaxation of the supercoiled DNA and resolution of a knotted circular DNA duplex.

A species of Bacillus that occurs in soil, especially around the roots of some plants where it has anti-fungal and anti-nematode activities. It can also produce enzymes for industrial applications.

Oils which are used in industrial or commercial applications.

A species of Bacillus that occurs in soil and is frequently found on bird feathers. Some strains cause FOODBORNE DISEASE, whereas other strains produce ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS and ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS and function as PROBIOTICS. This species can also produce enzymes for industrial applications.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Biotechnology
Antibodies Antisense Assays Biochips Bioinformatics Biological Therapy Biomarkers Biomaterials Bioscience Cell Culture Cloning Cytokine Diagnostics Dna Extraction Dna Sequencing Dna Transform...

Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...

Bioinformatics
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...


Searches Linking to this Article