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Interactions between motivational, cognitive, and motor regions of the striatum are crucial for implementing behavioral control. Work with experimental animals indicates that such interactions are sensitive to modulation by dopamine. Using systematic pharmacological manipulation of dopamine D2-receptors and resting-state functional imaging, we defined the functional architecture of the human striatum and quantified the effects of dopaminergic drugs on intrinsic effective connectivity between striatal subregions. We found that dopamine modulates interactions between motivational and cognitive regions, as well cognitive and motor regions of the striatum. Stimulation and blockade of the dopamine D2-receptor had opposite (increasing and decreasing) effects on the efficacy of those interactions. Furthermore, trait impulsivity was specifically associated with dopaminergic modulation of ventral-to-dorsal striatal connectivity. Individuals with high trait impulsivity exhibited greater drug-induced increases (after stimulation) and decreases (after blockade) of ventral-to-dorsal striatal connectivity than those with low trait impulsivity. These observations establish a key link between dopamine, intrinsic effective connectivity between striatal subregions, and trait impulsivity.
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Name: Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991)
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The phylogenetically newer part of the CORPUS STRIATUM consisting of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and PUTAMEN. It is often called simply the striatum.
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