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The Use of Vital Dyes during Vitreoretinal Surgery - Chromovitrectomy.

08:00 EDT 26th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Use of Vital Dyes during Vitreoretinal Surgery - Chromovitrectomy."

The aim of this article is to present the current data with regard to the application of vital dyes during vitreoretinal surgery, 'chromovitrectomy', as well as to overview the current literature regarding the properties of dyes, techniques of application, indications and complications in chromovitrectomy. It is well known that indocyanine green is toxic to the retina and consequently not the ideal dye for chromovitrectomy. Different vital dyes has been tested for chromovitrectomy including trypan blue, patent blue, triamcinolone acetonide, infracyanine green, sodium fluorescein and brilliant blue. Brilliant blue seems to be the ideal dye for internal limiting membrane due to its afinity, lower toxic profile and to reduce the appearance of apoptosis. Besides the dye itself, the injection technique is crucial to avoid additional toxicity, slow injection, far from the retina and protection of the macular hole are some tips. More recently the use of dyes has been applied to stain perfluorcarbon liquids that may enhance its visualization during vitrectomy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developments in ophthalmology
ISSN: 1662-2790
Pages: 365-375

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