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Language Impairment in the ADHD Context.

08:00 EDT 20th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Language Impairment in the ADHD Context."

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a ubiquitous designation that impacts the identification, assessment, treatment and study of pediatric language impairments (LI).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
ISSN: 1558-9102
Pages:

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This study aimed to develop a concise tool with acceptable predictive properties to identify young children with specific language impairment (SLI).

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.

Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.

Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.

An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive language (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the frontal lobe (Broca's area and adjacent cortical and white matter regions). The deficits range from almost complete muteness to a reduction in the fluency and rate of speech. CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS (in particular INFARCTION, MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY) are a relatively common cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp478-9)

Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.

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