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Ocular Infection: Endophthalmitis.

08:00 EDT 26th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Ocular Infection: Endophthalmitis."

Endophthalmitis is characterized by marked inflammation of intraocular fluids and tissues. Infective endophthalmitis may be categorized by the cause of the infection, which helps predict the underlying etiology and most likely causative organisms. The major category remains acute-onset postoperative endophthalmitis. Infective endophthalmitis is a clinical diagnosis but is confirmed by evaluation of intraocular fluid specimens. The Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study offered important guidelines for the initial management of endophthalmitis, and these guidelines remain relevant to this day. Prompt initiation of empiric broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy is important in achieving best outcomes.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developments in ophthalmology
ISSN: 1662-2790
Pages: 176-188

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye; not all layers of the uvea are affected. Fungi, necrosis of intraocular tumors, and retained intraocular foreign bodies often cause a purulent endophthalmitis.

Infection caused by the protozoan parasite TOXOPLASMA in which there is extensive connective tissue proliferation, the retina surrounding the lesions remains normal, and the ocular media remain clear. Chorioretinitis may be associated with all forms of toxoplasmosis, but is usually a late sequel of congenital toxoplasmosis. The severe ocular lesions in infants may lead to blindness.

Ocular manifestations secondary to various NEOPLASMS in which antibodies to antigens of the primary tumor cross-react with ocular antigens. This autoimmune response often leads to visual loss and other ocular dysfunctions.

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Transplacental infection of the fetus with rubella usually in the first trimester of pregnancy, as a consequence of maternal infection, resulting in various developmental abnormalities in the newborn infant. They include cardiac and ocular lesions, deafness, microcephaly, mental retardation, and generalized growth retardation. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

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