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Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) microgel-based optical devices were designed such that they can be stimulated to change their optical properties in response to light produced by a light-emitting diode (LED). The devices were fabricated by sandwiching the synthesized microgels between two Cr/Au layers all supported on a glass coverslip with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) deposited. Here, we found that these devices can be stimulated to change their optical properties when exposed to green LED light, which excites the AuNPs and increases the local temperature, causing the thermoresponsive microgels to decrease in diameter, resulting in a change in the devices' optical properties. We also found that the sensitivity of the devices to light was more pronounced as the environmental temperature approached the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) for the microgels, although the sensitivity of the devices to light exposure dropped off dramatically as the environmental temperature was increased above the LCST. This was a direct result of the microgels already being in their collapsed state and therefore unable to decrease in diameter any further due to light exposure. Finally, we found that the sensitivity of the devices to light exposure increased with increasing number of AuNP layers in the devices. We anticipate that these devices could be used for drug delivery applications; by using light to stimulate microgel collapse, the microgel-based devices can be stimulated to release small molecules on demand.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
Enzyme-free electrochemical detection of nanomolar levels of the organophosphorus pesticide paraoxon-ethyl by using a poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)-chitosan microgel decorated with palladium nanoparticles.
A rapid voltammetric method is described for the determination of the organophosphorus pesticide paraoxon-ethyl (PEL). A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with a composite consisting of a pol...
This study presents the synthesis and characterization of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-co-methacrylic acid (PNIPAM-co-MAA) based multi-responsive soft microgel particles employed as "smart emulsifiers"...
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The peculiar swelling behaviour of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-based responsive microgels provides the possibility to tune both softness and volume fraction with temperature, making these sys...
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A poly(A) binding protein that is involved in promoting the extension of the poly A tails of MRNA. The protein requires a minimum of ten ADENOSINE nucleotides in order for binding to mRNA. Once bound it works in conjunction with CLEAVAGE AND POLYADENYLATION SPECIFICITY FACTOR to stimulate the rate of poly A synthesis by POLY A POLYMERASE. Once poly-A tails reach around 250 nucleotides in length poly(A) binding protein II no longer stimulates POLYADENYLATION. Mutations within a GCG repeat region in the gene for poly(A) binding protein II have been shown to cause the disease MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY, OCULOPHARYNGEAL.
The use of light interaction (scattering, absorption, and fluorescence) with biological tissue to obtain morphologically based information. It includes measuring inherent tissue optical properties such as scattering, absorption, and autofluorescence; or optical properties of exogenous targeted fluorescent molecular probes such as those used in optical MOLECULAR IMAGING, or nontargeted optical CONTRAST AGENTS.
A poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase that contains two ZINC FINGERS in its N-terminal DNA-binding region. It modifies NUCLEAR PROTEINS involved in chromatin architecture and BASE EXCISION REPAIR with POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE.
A poly(A) binding protein that has a variety of functions such as mRNA stabilization and protection of RNA from nuclease activity. Although poly(A) binding protein I is considered a major cytoplasmic RNA-binding protein it is also found in the CELL NUCLEUS and may be involved in transport of mRNP particles.
Post-translational modification of proteins with POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE.
<!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery technologies are <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->patent pr...