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Pharmacoeconomics is assuming increasing importance in the pharmaceutical field since it is entering the public policy arena in many countries. Among the variants of pharmacoeconomic analysis are cost-minimization, cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses. The latter is the most versatile and sophisticated in that it integrates the patient benefit (patient value) conferred by a drug in terms of improvement in length and/or quality of life. It also incorporates the costs expended for that benefit, as well as the dollars returned to patients and society from the use of a drug (financial value). Unfortunately, one cost-utility analysis in the literature is generally not comparable to another because of the lack of standardized formats and standardized input variables (costs, cost perspective, quality-of-life measurement instruments, quality-of-life respondents, discounting and so forth). Thus, millions of variants can be used. Value-based medicine® (VBM) cost-utility analysis standardizes these variants so that one VBM analysis is comparable to another. This system provides a highly rational methodology that allows providers and patients to quantify and compare the patient value and financial value gains associated with the use of pharmaceutical agents for example.
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Name: Developments in ophthalmology
There are indications of staggered market entry of medicines in the national markets, with medicines being marketed first in countries with high prices. This study aimed to analyse the availability an...
The Open Access license, which previously read.
Reports of innovations in evidence-based medicine (EBM) training have focused on curriculum design and knowledge gained. Little is known about the educational culture and environment for EBM training ...
Systematic reviews (SRs) play a critical role in evidence-based medicine.
Rationale: Acute diarrhea (AD) is still a significant morbidity-mortality problem worldwide. Although oral rehydration therapy is the cornerstone, its anti-diarrheal effect is a controver...
The objective of this pharmacoeconomics (PE) study is to evaluate the cost- effectiveness analysis and cost-utility analysis of IRESSA® as first line treatment of NSCLC from the society p...
This study aimed to explore the associations between constitutions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and common disease (CD). A large-scale, community-based, cross-sectional study was ...
The Tunisian society of family medicine STMF proposes to coordinate a national, observational, transversal and multicenter survey, at the consultations of general medicine / family medicin...
The goal of this study is to improve surgical residents' skills in critically appraising the literature and to promote the dissemination and application of the best available evidence to s...
System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Tibetan culture.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...