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The extract of a sample of the sponge Theonella aff. swinhoei collected in Madagascar exhibited promising in vitro antiplasmodial activity. The antiplasmodial activity was ascribed in part to the known metabolite swinholide A. Further investigation of the extract afforded three unusual cyclic peptides, cyclotheonellazoles A-C (1-3), which contain six nonproteinogenic amino acids out of the eight acid units that compose these natural products. Among these acids the most novel were 4-propenoyl-2-tyrosylthiazole and 3-amino-4-methyl-2-oxohexanoic acid. The structure of the compounds was elucidated by interpretation of the 1D and 2D NMR data, HRESIMS, and advanced Merfay's techniques. The new compounds were found to be nanomolar inhibitors of chymotrypsin and sub-nanomolar inhibitors of elastase, but did not present antiplasmodial activity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of natural products
The S1 serine protease family is one of the largest and biologically relevant protease families. Despite their biomedical significance, generic approaches to generate potent, class-specific, bioactive...
The design, synthesis, and SAR study of a new series of HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating stereochemically defined tetrahydrofuran-tertiary amine-acetamide P2-ligand are described. Various subst...
Hydroquinone meroterpenoids, especially those derived from marine sponges, display a wide range of biological activities. However, use of these compounds is limited by their inaccessibility; there is ...
The efficacy of HIV-1 protease inhibition therapies is often compromised by the emergence of mutations in the protease molecule that reduces the binding affinity of inhibitors while maintaining viable...
A large number of studies have proven that Protease inhibitors (PIs), specifically serine protease inhibitors, show immense divergence in regulation of proteolysis by targeting their specific protease...
The purpose of this study is to determine the mechanisms by which HIV protease inhibitors contribute to the development of diabetes in HIV-infected patients. The investigators propose tha...
The purpose of this study is to find out whether taking protease inhibitors (anti-HIV drugs) together with lipid-lowering drugs (drugs which lower the amount of fat in the blood) has an ef...
The aim of this study is to characterize neutrophil function in patients undergoing chronic hepatitis C triple therapy with protease inhibitors in comparison to dual therapy with peginterf...
Some HIV-infected adults develop lipodystrophy that includes significant changes in body shape, with fat losses in the face, arms and legs, and fat gain in the trunk. This lipodystrophy i...
The purpose of the study is to study the effects of switching from an antiretroviral combination that includes two ritonavir boosted protease inhibitors to replacement of these two proteas...
Inhibitors of HIV PROTEASE, an enzyme required for production of proteins needed for viral assembly.
Extracellular protease inhibitors that are secreted from FIBROBLASTS. They form a covalent complex with SERINE PROTEASES and can mediate their cellular internalization and degradation.
Circulating 38-kDa proteins that are internal peptide fragments of PLASMINOGEN. The name derives from the fact that they are potent ANGIOGENESIS INHIBITORS. Angiostatins contain four KRINGLE DOMAINS which are associated with their potent angiostatic activity.
Sterile, gelatin-base surgical sponge applied topically as an adjunct to hemostasis when the control of bleeding by conventional procedures is ineffective to reduce capillary ooze or is impractical. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p797)
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize biosynthesis or actions of proteases (ENDOPEPTIDASES).
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...