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In this study, a cardo poly(aryl ether ketone) ultrafiltration membrane containing an N-chloramine functional group (PEK-N-Cl membrane) was easily obtained via exposure of a cardo poly(aryl ether ketone) ultrafiltration membrane (PEK-NH membrane) to dilute sodium hypochlorite solution. The chlorination process did not harm membrane performance. In addition, the PEK-N-Cl membrane was stable in both air and water. The PEK-N-Cl membrane exhibited excellent antimicrobial properties against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria (i.e. E. coli and Bacillus subtilis, respectively). The PEK-N-Cl membrane provided 94.2% and 100% reduction of E. coli and Bacillus subtilis, respectively, within 30min of contact times. Moreover, nearly 100% of the E. coli was killed after 2h during the filtration process for the PEK-N-Cl membrane. In addition, the water flux decreased by 42% for the PEK-N-Cl membrane compared to 77.6% for the PEK-NH membrane after filtration of the E. coli solution and incubation on LB nutrient agar plate, indicating that the PEK-N-Cl membrane enhibits antifouling. Furthermore, the PEK-N-Cl membrane is recyclable via subsequent exposure to a sodium hypochlorite solution.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of colloid and interface science
Ultrafiltration membranes with integrated antimicrobial and antifouling properties were fabricated using an engineering thermoplastic (carboxylated cardopoly(aryl ether ketone, PEK-COOH). Different mo...
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Antigens expressed on the cell membrane of T-lymphocytes during differentiation, activation, and normal and neoplastic transformation. Their phenotypic characterization is important in differential diagnosis and studies of thymic ontogeny and T-cell function.
The genetic constitution of the individual; the characterization of the genes.
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The fundamental, structural, and functional units or subunits of living organisms. They are composed of CYTOPLASM containing various ORGANELLES and a CELL MEMBRANE boundary.
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