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Injuries of the articular cartilage remain difficult to treat and can range from small articular cartilage defects to end-stage severe osteoarthritis. In this review, we discuss various surgical treatment options including imaging features and associated complications. Specifically, we review microfracture, acellular matrix-induced microfracture, autologous osteochondral transplantation, osteochondral allograft transplantation, autologous chondrocyte implantation, along with various forms of knee arthroplasties.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Seminars in musculoskeletal radiology
The knee joint is often involved in rheumatoid arthritis. Despite ever-improving medical antirheumatic therapies, surgical treatment continues to play an important role in optimal multidisciplinary ca...
To define the prevalence of associated articular injuries in patients with severe (Rockwood's III-VI) acute acromioclavicular joint injuries and to find out how many of these were associated with the ...
Healthy cartilage is essential for optimal joint function. Although, articular cartilage defects are highly prevalent in the active population and hamper joint function, the effect of articular cartil...
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with ongoing pain and joint damage that can be punctuated by acute flares of pain and inflammation. Synovitis in normal knees might resolve without long-term det...
Peri- and intra-articular fractures about the knee are frequently managed with joint-spanning external fixation before definitive treatment. With a systematic approach, a near-anatomic reduction with ...
The purpose of this research study is to investigate the safety and tolerability of OP-1 when it is injected into the knee joint of patients who have osteoarthritis on the knee.
It remains unknown if a concomitant arthroscopic knee debridement would increase the benefits of surgery (quality of life and functional ability) for young active patients with medial comp...
This is a 24-month, multicenter, randomized, open-label, standard treatment-controlled, parallel-group, Phase 2 study for adults with large or complicated knee articular cartilage lesions ...
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease affecting millions of people around the world, for which there is unfortunately no cure. Among existing therapies, viscosupplementation...
High energy trauma often results in severe soft tissue, bone and joint injury. Today, many methods and techniques exist to treat theses severely injured extremities. Surgical techniques i...
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
An instrument used to assess the results of rehabilitation from knee injuries, especially those requiring ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION. It measures recovery of knee joint function based on ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING.
A type of osteochondritis in which articular cartilage and associated bone becomes partially or totally detached to form joint loose bodies. Affects mainly the knee, ankle, and elbow joints.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...