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When autism was first identified by Leo Kanner in 1943, he thought it was partially due to "genuine lack of maternal warmth". This "refrigerator mother theory" has been completely discarded and there is now a consensus that there is a connection between genetic heritability and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although Kanner was the first to publish a work on autism, the disease had already been observed by Hans Asperger in Vienna. The history of the discovery and recognition of autism is described in the interesting book: Neurotribes by Steve Silberman (1), This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
School-age children born extremely preterm (EP) are more likely than their term peers to have multiple neurocognitive limitations. We identify subgroups of EP children who share similar profiles on me...
The purpose of this study was to examine the risks associated with learning disabilities (LDs) in a large sample of children born extremely preterm. We predicted higher than expected rates of LD, part...
To (1) compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 8 years of age of children born extremely preterm (EP) who underwent surgical procedures during the course of their initial hospital admission with th...
To determine if a key marker of socioeconomic status (SES), maternal education, is associated with later neurocognitive and academic outcomes among children born extremely preterm (EP).
Compared with children born near term, those born extremely preterm (EP) are at much higher risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Little information is available about differences ...
Epipage 2 (epidemiologic study on small-for-gestational-age children) is a nationwide study implemented to improve our knowledge of the outcome of preterm children in France. This study wa...
This is a follow-up cohort study of 8 years old children born preterm at Seoul National University Children's Hospital in Korea from 2008-2009. The children will visit outpatient clinics ...
Infant born preterm have an increased risk of adverse long-term developmental outcomes.The risk associated with preterm birth increase as gestational age decreases, and vulnerability remai...
This study evaluates the cognitive and behavioral outcomes including image findings of school-aged children who were born preterm compared with who were born term gestational age.
Beginning school is an important milestone for children. Children's readiness for school involves cognitive, physical, and emotional development. While the majority of children born preter...
A human infant born before 28 weeks of GESTATION.
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
A childhood disorder predominately affecting boys and similar to autism (AUTISTIC DISORDER). It is characterized by severe, sustained, clinically significant impairment of social interaction, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. In contrast to autism, there are no clinically significant delays in language or cognitive development. (From DSM-IV)
The application of NURSING knowledge to questions of law. It is a specialty of nursing practice involving victims of crime which includes not only attending to the physical and emotional distress of victims, but also the identifying, collecting, and preserving evidence for law enforcement and the criminal justice system.
Criminal activity that occurs in three broad categories. Firstly, cases where traffickers force or deceive the victims into giving up an organ. Secondly, there are cases where victims formally or informally agree to sell an organ and are cheated because they are not paid for the organ or are paid less than the promised price. Thirdly, vulnerable persons are treated for an ailment, which may or may not exist and thereupon organs are removed without the victim's knowledge.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Autism affects half a million people in the UK. Men are affected more than women. People with autism have said that the world, to them, is a mass of people, places and events which they struggle to make sense of, and which can cause them considerable a...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...