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Oxygen is essential, life-saving, supportive treatment for children with hypoxaemia but is not available in many resource-constrained health facilities. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of oxygen availability and nurses' skills for oxygen administration at the paediatric wards of 11 district hospitals in eastern Uganda. Functional oxygen delivery was available at the paediatric wards of only 2 of 11 (18%) hospitals. Of the six concentrators found, two did not function at all and two produced a stream of O2 <80% pure. Most nurses (76%) had adequate knowledge on how to use a concentrator, but the majority did not know how to use a pulse oximeter or administer cylinder oxygen. All nurses felt the need for further training on O2 administration and equipment. Given the large number of childhood pneumonia deaths occurring in resource-limited settings, improving availability of oxygen and nursing skills to administer oxygen could lead to substantial gains in global child survival.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of tropical pediatrics
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A measure of the ability of a substance, such as a food, to quench oxygen free radicals in vitro.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
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Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
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