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Oxygen is essential, life-saving, supportive treatment for children with hypoxaemia but is not available in many resource-constrained health facilities. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of oxygen availability and nurses' skills for oxygen administration at the paediatric wards of 11 district hospitals in eastern Uganda. Functional oxygen delivery was available at the paediatric wards of only 2 of 11 (18%) hospitals. Of the six concentrators found, two did not function at all and two produced a stream of O2 <80% pure. Most nurses (76%) had adequate knowledge on how to use a concentrator, but the majority did not know how to use a pulse oximeter or administer cylinder oxygen. All nurses felt the need for further training on O2 administration and equipment. Given the large number of childhood pneumonia deaths occurring in resource-limited settings, improving availability of oxygen and nursing skills to administer oxygen could lead to substantial gains in global child survival.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of tropical pediatrics
Oxygen therapy is a life-saving, medical intervention in the management of hospitalized children. The goal of oxygen therapy is to prevent or treat tissue hypoxia. Oxygen should be prescribed accordin...
There are 2.7 million neonatal deaths annually, 75% of which occur in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Effective treatment of hypoxaemia through tailored oxygen therapy could reduce neonatal mortali...
Potential benefits or risks of oxygen inhalation for patients with acute myocardial infarction are not fully understood.
Ambulatory oxygen therapy is often provided to patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). Lightweight portable oxygen concentrators (POCs) provide an alternative to traditional portable systems su...
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is increasingly used in medical practice as a means of enhancing the formation of collagen matrix and angiogenesis, thus promoting healing in wounds and necrotic tissue...
Long-term oxygen therapy improves survival in patients with severe hypoxia. However, some patients despite this oxygen, experience episodes of low oxygen levels (intermittent hypoxia) espe...
The purpose of this study is to compare heat and humidified oxygen with cold and dry oxygen in children with bronchiolitis. The hypotheses are that heating and humidifying inspired low fl...
Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine if any differences exist between the varying modes of portable oxygen delivery systems including liquid oxygen, a portable concentr...
To compare the efficacy of long-term use of nocturnal oxygen therapy (12 hours) with that of continuous, low-flow oxygen therapy (24 hours) in patients with chronic hypoxic lung disease.
Investigators hypothesized that a relative low SpO2 directed oxygen therapy would reduced the mortality in patients staying longer than 72 hours in ICUs.
A measure of the ability of a substance, such as a food, to quench oxygen free radicals in vitro.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...