Advertisement

Topics

Oxygen Availability and Nursing Capacity for Oxygen Therapy in Ugandan Paediatric Wards.

08:00 EDT 8th May 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Oxygen Availability and Nursing Capacity for Oxygen Therapy in Ugandan Paediatric Wards."

Oxygen is essential, life-saving, supportive treatment for children with hypoxaemia but is not available in many resource-constrained health facilities. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of oxygen availability and nurses' skills for oxygen administration at the paediatric wards of 11 district hospitals in eastern Uganda. Functional oxygen delivery was available at the paediatric wards of only 2 of 11 (18%) hospitals. Of the six concentrators found, two did not function at all and two produced a stream of O2 <80% pure. Most nurses (76%) had adequate knowledge on how to use a concentrator, but the majority did not know how to use a pulse oximeter or administer cylinder oxygen. All nurses felt the need for further training on O2 administration and equipment. Given the large number of childhood pneumonia deaths occurring in resource-limited settings, improving availability of oxygen and nursing skills to administer oxygen could lead to substantial gains in global child survival.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of tropical pediatrics
ISSN: 1465-3664
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [21036 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Topical oxygen therapy stimulates healing in difficult, chronic wounds: a tertiary centre experience.

Oxygen plays a central role in wound healing. Recent technological advances have miniaturised oxygen delivery systems, with novel topical oxygen therapy allowing patients to receive oxygen therapy 24 ...

The Role of Oxygen Therapy in Normoxemic Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Supplemental oxygen has been commonly used in the cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, recent evidence suggests that high-concentration oxygen supplementation and hyperbaric oxygen in ACS ...

Oxygen therapy in adult patients. Part 2: promoting safe and effective practice in patients' care and management.

The assessment, care and management of patients requiring oxygen therapy are key aspects of a nurse's role. Although oxygen therapy is an important treatment for many clinical conditions, it carries r...

Oxygen therapy in adult patients. Part 1: understanding the relevant physiology and pathophysiology.

Oxygen therapy is a treatment commonly used for adult patients in clinical and community settings. It is therefore important that nurses and other members of the healthcare team caring for patients re...

Use of Oxygen at the End of Life: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Practices in Wisconsin.

Oxygen therapy for the management of breathlessness remains controversial and little information is available regarding the practice of using oxygen at end of life. Oxygen use in end-of-life care is i...

Clinical Trials [5965 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Intelligent Oxygen Therapy During Sleep

Long-term oxygen therapy improves survival in patients with severe hypoxia. However, some patients despite this oxygen, experience episodes of low oxygen levels (intermittent hypoxia) espe...

Portable Oxygen Concentrator Improvements to Physical Activity, Oxygen Usage, and Quality of Life in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Using Long-term Oxygen Therapy (POC-STEP)

To evaluate changes in activity based on the use of portable oxygen concentrators combined with standard of care (SOC) long- term oxygen therapy versus SOC long-term oxygen therapy alone a...

Oxygen Control and Weaning by O2matic to Patients Admitted With an Exacerbation of COPD

The aim of the study is to examine if automated oxygen delivery with O2matic allows for faster weaning from oxygen and better oxygen control than manually controlled oxygen therapy for pat...

Heated Humidified Oxygen Compared to Dry Oxygen Therapy in Children With Bronchiolitis

The purpose of this study is to compare heat and humidified oxygen with cold and dry oxygen in children with bronchiolitis. The hypotheses are that heating and humidifying inspired low fl...

Restrictive vs. Liberal Oxygen Therapy for Trauma Patients

The objective of this trial is to investigate whether treatment with oxygen in the early phases after a trauma plays a role in recovery.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A measure of the ability of a substance, such as a food, to quench oxygen free radicals in vitro.

The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)

Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)

Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...


Searches Linking to this Article