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The guidelines of the European position paper on rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps (EPOS, 2012) ascribe the highest strength and the most comprehensive evidence-based significance to the application of intranasal glucocorticosteroids (inGCS) as the first-line therapy for the patients presenting with acute and polypous rhinosinusitis; moreover they are recommended as the medications of choice for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis in the absence of polyps. The author presents the data concerning the mechanism of action, clinical effectiveness, and safety of inGCS used for the treatment of acute, recurrent, and chronic rhinosinusitis. It is shown that mometason furoate produces the favourable therapeutic effect and is possessed of beneficial pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties in the cases of its topical application. The comparative randomized clinical study (RCS) of the new preparation of mometason furoate in the form of the intranasal spray (manufactured by 'Teva' Ltd.) registered in the Russian Federation in 2015 has demonstrated that it can be considered as a therapeutic equivalent to nasonex.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Vestnik otorinolaringologii
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Cytoplasmic proteins that specifically bind glucocorticoids and mediate their cellular effects. The glucocorticoid receptor-glucocorticoid complex acts in the nucleus to induce transcription of DNA. Glucocorticoids were named for their actions on blood glucose concentration, but they have equally important effects on protein and fat metabolism. Cortisol is the most important example.
A topical glucocorticoid used in the treatment of ECZEMA.
Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.
A topical dermatologic agent that is used in the treatment of ACNE VULGARIS and several other skin diseases. The drug has teratogenic and other adverse effects.
A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
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