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Herein, we revealed a symmetry-breaking charge transfer (SBCT) process in the excited state of a directly linked push-pull porphyrin dyad (AD) and triad (ADA) via spectroscopic measurements including steady-state absorption and fluorescence, time-resolved fluorescence (TRF), femtosecond transient absorption (fs-TA), and time-resolved infrared (TRIR) measurements. Unprecedented broad fluorescence spectra were observed for porphyrin arrays in polar solvents; these were attributed to the existence of a charge transfer state as evidenced by the TRF measurements. TA measurements also revealed emerging features of a CT state for AD and ADA in polar solvents. These dynamics were also confirmed via TRIR measurements, which provided further information on the solvation and structural relaxation processes of the SBCT process. This is the first observation of an SBCT process in porphyrin arrays, providing fundamental understanding of the strongly coupled porphyrin arrays. Thus, the results of this study reveal the potential of the porphyrin arrays in relevant applications requiring SBCT.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
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An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.
Emission of LIGHT when ELECTRONS return to the electronic ground state from an excited state and lose the energy as PHOTONS. It is sometimes called cool light in contrast to INCANDESCENCE. LUMINESCENT MEASUREMENTS take advantage of this type of light emitted from LUMINESCENT AGENTS.
An excited state of molecular oxygen generated photochemically or chemically. Singlet oxygen reacts with a variety of biological molecules such as NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS; causing oxidative damages.
Rare disease characterized by COLOBOMA; CHOANAL ATRESIA; and abnormal SEMICIRCULAR CANALS. Mutations in CHD7 protein resulting in disturbed neural crest development are associated with CHARGE Syndrome.