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Grassland constitutes a huge reservoir of secondary metabolites (e.g., phenolic compounds, alkaloids, saponins, terpenoids, carotenoids, and quinones). This phytococktail may positively and/or negatively affect livestock health and production, depending on numerous factors such as animal species and intake. This resource can be considered a low-cost, environmentally friendly way to contribute to the improvement of livestock health. Better knowledge and management of these animal health resources as well as understanding of their mode of action constitute a new multidisciplinary research field. This review uses examples to describe the impact of grassland secondary metabolites on animal health in husbandry. A particular focus is antioxidant activities due to the oxidative stress induced by farming practices. The first part of this review presents different health promoting or toxic grassland secondary metabolites, and the second part concerns assay methods to evaluate their presence and content.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Plants traditionally used by farmers to manage livestock ailments could reduce reliance on synthetic antibiotics and anthelmintics but in many cases their chemical composition is unknown. As a case st...
Results from studies on residential health effects of livestock farming are inconsistent, potentially due to simple exposure proxies used (e.g., livestock density). Accuracy of these proxies compared ...
Secondary metabolites are an important source of pharmaceuticals and key modulators of microbe-microbe interactions. The bacterium Serratia marcescens is part of the Enterobacteriaceae family of eubac...
To investigate the association between livestock ownership and dietary diversity, animal-source food consumption, height-for-age z-score, and stunting among children living in wildlife "buffer zones" ...
Streptomycetes are well-known producers of biologically active secondary metabolites. Various efforts have endeavored to increase productions of these metabolites, while few approaches could well coor...
Background: - MRSA is a type of bacteria that causes serious health problems. It can cause severe infections and is difficult to treat. MRSA has been found in a high number of people who ...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the kinetics of two known alkylresorcinol metabolites in human subjects after intake of high-fiber rye bread. Whole grain rye is the most abunda...
Alcohol consumption is a risk factor for numerous health conditions and an important cause of death. Identifying metabolites associated with alcohol consumption may provide insights into t...
The purpose of this study is to determine if a supplemental formula can beneficially alter the ratio of urinary estrogen metabolites.
The primary objectives of the study are: To determine the mass balance and routes of elimination of BIIB074 and its known metabolites following administration of a single oral dose of BIIB...
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
Development of male secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the FEMALE. It is due to the effects of androgenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.
Development of female secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS in the MALE. It is due to the effects of estrogenic metabolites of precursors from endogenous or exogenous sources, such as ADRENAL GLANDS or therapeutic drugs.
A genus of RED ALGAE in the family Rhodomelaceae. Some species are a rich source of chlorine-and bromine-containing metabolites which show significant antibacterial activity.
Exudate from seeds of the grape plant Vitis vinifera, composed of oils and secondary plant metabolites (BIOFLAVONOIDS and polyphenols) credited with important medicinal properties.
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...