Advertisement

Topics

Values Affirmation Intervention Reduces Achievement Gap between Underrepresented Minority and White Students in Introductory Biology Classes.

07:00 EST 1st January 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Values Affirmation Intervention Reduces Achievement Gap between Underrepresented Minority and White Students in Introductory Biology Classes."

Achievement gaps between underrepresented minority (URM) students and their white peers in college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics classrooms are persistent across many white-majority institutions of higher education. Attempts to reduce this phenomenon of underperformance through increasing classroom structure via active learning have been partially successful. In this study, we address the hypothesis that the achievement gap between white and URM students in an undergraduate biology course has a psychological and emotional component arising from stereotype threat. Specifically, we introduced a values affirmation exercise that counters stereotype threat by reinforcing a student's feelings of integrity and self-worth in three iterations of an intensive active-learning college biology course. On average, this exercise reduced the achievement gap between URM and white students who entered the course with the same incoming grade point average. This result suggests that achievement gaps resulting from the underperformance of URM students could be mitigated by providing students with a learning environment that removes psychological and emotional impediments of performance through short psychosocial interventions.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: CBE life sciences education
ISSN: 1931-7913
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [10577 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Self-affirmation enhances processing of negative stimuli among threat-prone individuals.

Self-affirmation reduces defensive responding to self-threats. The present study extended beyond self-threats to assess affirmation's influence on responses to negative emotional pictures as measured ...

Minority Stress and Same-Sex Relationship Satisfaction: The Role of Concealment Motivation.

Most lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people want a stable, satisfying romantic relationship. Although many of the predictors of relationship outcomes are similar to those of heterosexual couples, sam...

Improving Underrepresented Minority in Medicine Representation in Medical School.

Despite the efforts of various leading organizations in medical education, representation of black students in US medical schools has declined since the mid-1990s. The Florida State University College...

Pilot intervention for discrimination-related coping among HIV-positive Black sexual minority men.

Discrimination is associated with worse health. Although interventions have been developed to improve coping with general stressors and chronic illness, no literature to date has reported the developm...

Finding Focus: Recruiting and Supporting Underrepresented Minority Trainees Starts with Faculty.

Clinical Trials [6604 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Using Values Affirmation to Reduce the Effects of Perceived Discrimination on Hypertension Disparities

The objective of this study is to reduce the effects of stereotype threat on the adherence of African American patients with hypertension. The specific aims of this study, which employs a...

Patients Engaged in Prevention: Enhancing Outreach to Increase Patient Engagement in Diabetes Prevention

This study examines whether a health message that includes a self-affirmation intervention (where people reflect on values that are important to them) increases acceptance of the message a...

Testing a Self-affirmation Intervention for Use in a Mobile Application

The aim of these studies is to adapt the self-affirmation kindness questionnaire for use in a mobile application. Two studies will be conducted to test hypotheses that simplifying and shor...

Testing Familial Self-affirmation for Smoking Cessation

Evidence suggests that affirming the self can help people to make changes in their health behavior. Typically, people affirm a personally-important value, but evidence suggests that affirm...

Exploring Whether Self-affirmation Promotes Reduced Alcohol Consumption in Response to Narrative Health Information

This study tests the effects of a self-affirmation manipulation on (i) acceptance of a health message detailing the risks of alcohol consumption, (ii) engagement with the health message an...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of members of minority groups.

The complete summaries of the frequencies of the values or categories of a measurement made on a group of items, a population, or other collection of data. The distribution tells either how many or what proportion of the group was found to have each value (or each range of values) out of all the possible values that the quantitative measure can have.

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.

A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article