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In this study, near-infrared (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy were compared in parallel to predict the glucose concentration of Chinese hamster ovary cell cultivations. A shake flask model system was used to quickly generate spectra similar to bioreactor cultivations therefore accelerating the development of a working model prior to actual cultivations. Automated variable selection and several pre-processing methods were tested iteratively during model development using spectra from six shake flask cultivations. The target was to achieve the lowest error of prediction for the glucose concentration in two independent shake flasks. The best model was then used to test the scalability of the two techniques by predicting spectra of a 10l and a 100l scale bioreactor cultivation. The NIR spectroscopy based model could follow the trend of the glucose concentration but it was not sufficiently accurate for bioreactor monitoring. On the other hand, the Raman spectroscopy based model predicted the concentration of glucose in both cultivation scales sufficiently accurately with an error around 4mM (0.72g/l), that is satisfactory for the on-line bioreactor monitoring purposes of the biopharma industry. Therefore, the shake flask model system was proven to be suitable for scalable spectroscopic model development.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
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Maintenance of a constant blood glucose level by perfusion or infusion with glucose or insulin. It is used for the study of metabolic rates (e.g., in glucose, lipid, amino acid metabolism) at constant glucose concentration.
Analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.
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An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 220.127.116.11.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE and its effects, disease diagnosis; METABOLIC PROCESSES; SUBSTANCE ABUSE; PREGNANCY; cell line development; EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES; etc.