Posterior parietal cortex.

08:00 EDT 24th July 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Posterior parietal cortex."

The posterior parietal cortex, along with temporal and prefrontal cortices, is one of the three major associative regions in the cortex of the mammalian brain. It is situated between the visual cortex at the caudal pole of the brain and the somatosensory cortex just behind the central sulcus. Technically, any cortex covered by the parietal bone is referred to as 'parietal cortex', but the posterior sector, formally referred to as posterior parietal cortex, is indeed its own functional section of cortex, consisting of Brodmann's areas 5, 7, 39, and 40 in humans, areas 5 and 7 in macaques, and area 7 in rodents (Figure 1). Whereas the anterior parietal cortex in humans comprises primary somatosensory areas, the posterior parietal cortex has several higher-order functions. It is referred to as an 'associative' cortical region because it is neither strictly sensory nor motor, but combines inputs from a number of brain areas including somatosensory, auditory, visual, motor, cingulate and prefrontal cortices, and it integrates proprioceptive and vestibular signals from subcortical areas.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current biology : CB
ISSN: 1879-0445
Pages: R691-R695


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Area of the parietal lobe concerned with receiving general sensations. It lies posterior to the central sulcus.

The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.

Artery formed by the bifurcation of the BASILAR ARTERY. Branches of the posterior cerebral artery supply portions of the OCCIPITAL LOBE; PARIETAL LOBE; inferior temporal gyrus, brainstem, and CHOROID PLEXUS.

A composite area of the cerebral cortex concerned with motor control and sensory perception comprising the motor cortex areas, the somatosensory areas, the gustatory cortex, the olfactory areas, the auditory cortex, and the visual cortex.

The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.

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