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Cellulose coagulates upon adding water to its solutions in ionic liquids. Although cellulose remains in solution with much higher water contents, here we report the effect of 0-3 wt.% water on solution rheology of cellulose in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMImCl) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMImAc). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and polarized light microscopy were also used to study water absorbance to the solutions. Tiny amounts of water (0.25 wt.%) can significantly affect the rheological properties of the solutions, imparting a yield stress, while dry solutions appear to be ordinary viscoelastic liquids. The yield stress grows linearly with water content and saturates at a level that increases with the square of cellulose content. Annealing the solutions containing small amounts of water at 80°C for 20 minutes transforms the samples to the fully dissolved "dry" state.
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It is shown that ionic liquids can be used to dewater birch kraft pulp cellulose nanofibrillar (CNF) suspension and act as a medium for water-free topochemical modification of the nanocellulose. Acety...
Confined water in aqueous solutions of imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) associated with acetate and imidazolate anions react reversibly with CO2 to yield bicarbonate. Three types of CO2 sorption ...
Despite the importance of ionic liquids in a variety of fields, little is understood about the behaviour of protons in these media. The main difficulty arises due to the unknown activity of protons in...
Ionic liquids combining potassium cations with 1-alkyl-3-methylcyclopentadienyl anions, K[CnC1Cp] (n = 4, 6) have been synthesized. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements have shown that K[C4C...
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The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of four dressings (covers) namely: gauze with petrolatum , cellulose acetate with petrolatum , pure carboxymethylcellulose with silver...
This is a Phase 3, multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine the effectiveness and safety of the 6% cellulose sulfate (CS) vaginal gel for the prevention of HIV infec...
This study evaluates the difference of imaging diagnostic quality and fertility promoting effect in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility by hysterosalpingography between using ethiod...
Poorly absorbed medications such as furosemide are common and recent experiments suggest that improvement in absorption can occur if these types of medications are consumed with liquids su...
Solutions prepared for hemodialysis. The composition of the pre-dialysis solution may be varied in order to determine the effect of solvated metabolites on anoxia, malnutrition, acid-base balance, etc. Of principal interest are the effect of the choice of buffers (e.g., acetate or carbonate), the addition of cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+), and addition of carbohydrates (glucose).
Salts that melt below 100 C. Their low VOLATILIZATION can be an advantage over volatile organic solvents.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
Sterile solutions, essentially free from foreign particles and suitably compounded and dispensed, for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A type of ion exchange chromatography using diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE-CELLULOSE) as a positively charged resin. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...