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Classical nucleation theory predicts that a binary system which is non-miscible in the bulk should become miscible at the nanoscale when lowering its size below a critical size. Here we tackle the problem of miscibility in nanoalloys with a combination of ab-initio and atomistic calculations, developing a statistical-mechanics approach for the free energy cost of forming phase-separated aggregates. We apply it to the controversial case of AuCo nanoalloys. AuCo is non-miscible in the bulk, but a rich variety of nanoparticle configurations, both phase-separated and intermixed, has been obtained experimentally. Our calculations strongly point to the permanence of an equilibrium miscibility gap down to the nanoscale, and to the non-existence of a critical size below which phase separation is impossible. We show that this is due to nanoscale effects of general character, caused by the existence of preferred nucleation sites in nanoparticles, which lower the free-energy cost for phase separation with respect to bulk systems.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nano letters
Effects of temperature and solvent condition on phase separation-induced molecular fractionation of gum arabic/hyaluronan (GA/HA) mixed solutions were investigated. Two gum arabic samples (EM10 and ST...
The formation of membrane-less organelles and compartments by protein phase separation is an important way in which cells organize their cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. In vitro phase separation assays wit...
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The purpose of this study is to determine whether a specific family based cognitive behavioral treatment program is effective in the treatment of children with separation anxiety disorder.
to compare the blood loss during caesarean section between two different methods of separating the placenta after fetal extraction, keeping in mind that most blood loss occurs after placen...
The present study aims to report our experience in conjoined twin separation surgery in Assuit university and pediatric hospital, Assiut university, Assiut, Egypt over a period of 20 years...
The efficacy of oral dexmedetomidine as sedative versus a combination of oral midazolam plus oral ketamine were compared regarding to satisfactory separation from parents, satisfactory mas...
This single-institution randomized controlled trial prospective will enrolled 48 patients scheduled for an aortic valve replacement. The objective of the present investigation is to determ...
The interval between two successive CELL DIVISIONS during which the CHROMOSOMES are not individually distinguishable. It is composed of the G phases (G1 PHASE; G0 PHASE; G2 PHASE) and S PHASE (when DNA replication occurs).
The phase of cell nucleus division following PROMETAPHASE, in which the CHROMOSOMES line up across the equatorial plane of the MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS prior to separation.
Functionalization of exogenous substances to prepare them for conjugation in PHASE II DETOXIFICATION. Phase I enzymes include CYTOCHROME P450 enzymes and some OXIDOREDUCTASES. Excess induction of phase I over phase II detoxification leads to higher levels of FREE RADICALS that can induce CANCER and other cell damage. Induction or antagonism of phase I detoxication is the basis of a number of DRUG INTERACTIONS.
The period of the CELL CYCLE following DNA synthesis (S PHASE) and preceding M PHASE (cell division phase). The CHROMOSOMES are tetraploid in this point.
Techniques for separation and identification of ionized molecules based on their drift through a gas phase after being accelerated by an electric field. Their mobilities will be effected by their shape, size, and charge.