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Microvascular perfusion in cardiac arrest: a review of microcirculatory imaging studies.

08:00 EDT 1st August 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Microvascular perfusion in cardiac arrest: a review of microcirculatory imaging studies."

Cardiac arrest represents a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed countries. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) increases the chances for a beneficial outcome in victims of refractory cardiac arrest. However, ECPR and post-cardiac arrest care are affected by high mortality rates due to multi-organ failure syndrome, which is closely related to microcirculatory disorders. Therefore, microcirculation represents a key target for therapeutic interventions in post-cardiac arrest patients. However, the evaluation of tissue microcirculatory perfusion is still demanding to perform. Novel videomicroscopic technologies (Orthogonal polarization spectral, Sidestream dark field and Incident dark field imaging) might offer a promising way to perform bedside microcirculatory assessment and therapy monitoring. This review aims to summarise the recent body of knowledge on videomicroscopic imaging in a cardiac arrest setting and to discuss the impact of extracorporeal reperfusion and other therapeutic modalities on microcirculation.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Perfusion
ISSN: 1477-111X
Pages: 267659117723455

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including ENDOSCOPY (cardiac endoscopy, sometimes refered to as cardioscopy), RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; TOMOGRAPHY; or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.

Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the cardiac cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts.

Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.

The omission of atrial activation that is caused by transient cessation of impulse generation at the SINOATRIAL NODE. It is characterized by a prolonged pause without P wave in an ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. Sinus arrest has been associated with sleep apnea (REM SLEEP-RELATED SINUS ARREST).

Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.

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