Advertisement

Topics

Evaluation of different methods for DNA extraction from human burnt bones and the generation of genetic profiles for identification.

07:00 EST 1st January 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Evaluation of different methods for DNA extraction from human burnt bones and the generation of genetic profiles for identification."

Bone exposure to heat in the presence of moisture breaks the phosphodiester bonds of the backbone, leaving sheared DNA in bone cells. This also limits the possibility of generating a complete profile of the victim. With the increasing incidence of fire outbreaks over the past few years, a paradigm shift to establish identity has been observed, from morphological identification of victims to STR profiling. For this study, 10 bone samples were taken from burnt human bodies that were recovered from different fire outbreak scenes. The DNA from these burnt human tissues was isolated using four different extraction methods: the organic extraction method, the total demineralisation method, the Qiagen kit method, and the Chelex extraction method. STR profiles of victims were generated on a genetic analyser using an AmpFlSTR Identifiler® Plus Kit and analysed on Gene Mapper ID-X. DNA isolated from bones using the total demineralisation extraction method and organic extraction method was of the highest quality due to the efficient removal of inhibitors. DNA obtained using these two methods successfully generated the STR profiles of the victims. The quality of isolated DNA obtained through the Qiagen kit was comparatively low, but STR profiles of the victims were successfully generated. The Chelex kit failed to extract good quality DNA of high quantity from the burnt bones, encountering inhibition in all samples at varying degrees. This study concludes that total demineralisation and the Qiagen kit are sophisticated and reliable methods to obtain a good yield of DNA from burnt human bones, which can be used for the identification of victims.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine, science, and the law
ISSN: 2042-1818
Pages: 25802417723808

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [22583 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Development and validation of an extraction method for the analysis of perfluoroalkyl substances in human hair.

Human hair has many advantages as a non-invasive sample; however, analytical methods for detecting perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in human hair are still in the development stage. Therefore, the ai...

DNA extraction on bio-chip: history and preeminence over conventional and solid-phase extraction methods.

This review covers a developmental progression on early to modern taxonomy at cellular level following the advent of electron microscopy and the advancement in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extraction f...

Evaluation of plasma peptides extraction methods by high-resolution mass spectrometry.

Monitoring of peptides offers a promising approach for the discovery of novel biomarkers, which might be valuable for detection, treatment and prevention of large variety of diseases. Development of h...

Critical comparison of the on-line and off-line molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction of patulin coupled with liquid chromatography.

Reaching trace amounts of mycotoxin contamination requires sensitive and selective analytical tools for their determination. Improving the selectivity of sample pre-treatment steps covering new and mo...

Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).

The objective of this research is to implement extraction and degradation methods for the obtainment of 3-O-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-galactopyranosyl] soyasapogenol B (chickpeasaponin B1) fr...

Clinical Trials [5173 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

3D Radiographic Evaluation of a Novel Implant Site Development Technique

The present retrospective study aims at assessing the clinical effects of a novel implant site development (Extraction site development - XSD) technique after tooth extraction compared wit...

Periodontal Phenotype Study

The purpose of this trial is to determine the correlations between various tissue dimensions and the changes that occur following a single-tooth dental extraction in human adults. 65 adul...

A Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Healing of Tooth Extraction Sites Filled With BioRestore™

The aim of this study was to evaluate by histology and MSCT scans during a 7-month period, the efficacy of a bioactive glass (Inion BioRestore™) placed in human extraction sockets in the...

Evaluation of Healing at Molar Extraction Sites With and Without Ridge Preservation

Following tooth extraction ridge preservation procedure have been suggested to limit bone resorptive dimensional changes to facilitate prospective implant placement. While this is particul...

Measurement of Retinal Blood Flow, Retinal Oxygenation and Retinal Oxygen Extraction in Healthy Subjects During Normoxia and Systemic Hyperoxia

The inner retina is crucially dependent on an adequate retinal blood supply. When the retina becomes ischemic and hypoxic this results in severe vision loss due to retinal neovascularizati...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Use of various chemical separation and extraction methods, such as SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION; CHROMATOGRAPHY; and SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION; to prepare samples for analytical measurement of components.

An extraction method that separates analytes using a solid phase and a liquid phase. It is used for preparative sample cleanup before analysis by CHROMATOGRAPHY and other analytical methods.

Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.

Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.

The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

DNA Extraction
DNA is extracted from human cells for a variety of reasons. With a pure sample of DNA you can test a newborn for a genetic disease, analyze forensic evidence, or study a gene involved in cancer. DNA isolation is a process of purification of DNA from...

Orthopedics
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...


Searches Linking to this Article