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Infusion systems are complicated electromechanical systems that are used to deliver anesthetic drugs with moderate precision. Four types of systems are described-gravity feed, in-line piston, peristaltic, and syringe. These systems are subject to a number of failure modes-occlusion, disconnection, siphoning, infiltration, and air bubbles. The relative advantages of the various systems and some of the monitoring capabilities are discussed. A brief example of the use of an infusion system during anesthetic induction is presented. With understanding of the functioning of these systems, users may develop greater comfort.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anesthesia and analgesia
Efflux pumps are membrane proteins which contribute to multi-drug resistance. In Gram-negative bacteria, some of these pumps form complex tripartite assemblies in association with an outer membrane ch...
Efflux pumps are widely implicated in antibiotic resistance because they can extrude the majority of clinically relevant antibiotics from within cells to the extracellular environment. However, there ...
The acute and delayed effect of analgesic-range doses of ketamine on neurocognitive and behavioural outcomes is understudied. Using a non-controlled open-labelled design, three (1-h duration) increasi...
Intrathecal patient-controlled analgesia (IT-PCA) through implanted intrathecal infusion pumps has been increasingly utilized for severe cancer and chronic noncancer pain management. However, its appl...
Primary Objective: - To assess the safety of SAR341402 and NovoLog® when used in external insulin pumps in terms of the number of patients with infusion set occlusions. Secondary ...
This crossover, glucose-clamp study will investigate the impact of different basal insulin infusion rates on glucose control employing insulin pumps with different insulin delivery regimen...
Primary Objective: - Assess the safety of SAR342434 and Humalog when used in external pumps. Secondary Objectives: - Intervals for infusion set changes. - Incidenc...
Over the past decade, continuous wound infiltration systems have been introduced to treat a variety of post-surgical pain. These systems, commonly referred to pain pumps by patients, poss...
This study compared two methods of insulin infusion by syringe pumps to assess the impact of medical devices on the glycaemic variability in patients under IIT in ICU. The main objective o...
Fluid propulsion systems driven mechanically, electrically, or osmotically that are used to inject (or infuse) over time agents into a patient or experimental animal; used routinely in hospitals to maintain a patent intravenous line, to administer antineoplastic agents and other drugs in thromboembolism, heart disease, diabetes mellitus (INSULIN INFUSION SYSTEMS is also available), and other disorders.
The administration of medication or fluid directly into localized lesions, by means of gravity flow or INFUSION PUMPS.
Implanted fluid propulsion systems with self-contained power source for providing long-term controlled-rate delivery of drugs such as chemotherapeutic agents or analgesics. Delivery rate may be externally controlled or osmotically or peristatically controlled with the aid of transcutaneous monitoring.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
Use of any infusion therapy on an ambulatory, outpatient, or other non-institutionalized basis.
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...