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Through the food and water they ingest, the air they breathe, and the consumer products with which they interact at home and at work, humans are exposed to tens of thousands of chemicals, many of which have not been evaluated to determine their potential toxicities. Furthermore, while current chemical testing tends to focus on individual chemicals, the exposures that people actually experience involve mixtures of chemicals. Unfortunately, the number of mixtures that can be formed from the thousands of environmental chemicals is enormous, and testing all of them would be impossible.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental health perspectives
Today, chemical industries manufacture, store and transport evermore hazardous substances and hence the risk of accidental releases of these chemicals can become more and more catastrophic in the cont...
Epidemiological studies play an important role in quantifying how early life environmental chemical exposures influence the risk of childhood diseases. These studies face at least four major challenge...
Lower limb amputation is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus. Understanding how amputation risk differs by population subgroups is crucial in terms of directing preventive strategies. In this ...
The problem of sample selection complicates the process of drawing inference about populations. Selective sampling arises in many real world situations when agents such as doctors and customs official...
RNA-Seq is a developing technology for generating gene expression data by directly sequencing mRNA molecules in a sample. RNA-Seq data consist of counts of reads recorded to a particular gene that are...
Comparison of clinical and laboratory diagnosis for cause of Gastroenteritis(GE) depending on the clinical manifestation.Identifying the sources of viral, bacterial and parasitic GE in Ped...
The drawbacks of chemical CO2 absorbers include the production of compounds harmful to patients that also lead into increased cost and environmental impact, as well as the daily disposal o...
In this intervention study, the investigators engage Vietnamese American nail salon owners to train workers within their salons on how to reduce workplace chemical exposures. The long-term...
Dengue is an infectious disease most prevalent in the world. This disease is endemic in the Caribbean, with an increase in seasonal rains. Several outbreaks have been observed in recent ye...
This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of two anti-HIV drug combinations in fighting HIV infection in patients whose viral loads (levels of HIV in the blood) rose with other ...
A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.
A method of detection of the number of cells in a sample secreting a specific molecule. Wtih this method a population of cells are plated over top of the immunosorbent substrate that captures the secreted molecules.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...