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Programmed death cell 1 (PD-1) is an inhibitor of T cell activation and is also functionally linked to glycolysis. We hypothesized that PD-1 expression is defective in activated T cells from children with type 1 diabetes (T1D), resulting in abnormal T cell glucose metabolism.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
The etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is thought to involve dysfunction of the programmed cell death 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) pathway; PD-1 negatively regulates autoimmunity b...
Copy number alterations in programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL1 or CD274), programmed cell death 1 ligand 2 (PDCD1LG2 or PDL2), and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) genes (chromosome 9p24.1) characterize Hodgkin...
Programmed cell death (PCD) is a conserved phenomenon in multicellular organisms required to maintain homeostasis. Among the regulated cell death pathways, apoptosis is a well-described form of PCD in...
Cell-culture studies are our main source of knowledge of the various forms of programmed cell death. Yet genetic perturbations of death-protein function in animal models are almost the only source of ...
Outcomes of long-term responders to anti-programmed death 1 and anti-programmed death ligand 1 when being rechallenged with the same anti-programmed death 1 and anti-programmed death ligand 1 at progression.
Long-term responders have been observed with anti-programmed death 1 and anti-programmed death ligand 1 (anti-PD(L)1). Optimal duration of therapy in responding and stable disease (SD) patients is un...
Several reports have examined Programmed Death 1 (PD-1) expression on tumor-infiltrating T-cells, and its correlation with prognosis has been discussed. However, Programmed Death 1 (PD1)/P...
To improve the efficacy of immunotherapy for cancer, recent studies focused on specific targets to redirect the immune network toward eradicating a variety of tumors and ameliorating the s...
BGB-A333 is a humanized IgG1-variant monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death 1-ligand 1 (PD-L1), the ligand of an immune check point- receptor, programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). BG...
Perspectives: To analyse if the change of specific immune response will correlate with clinical effect of advanced cervix cancer after radio-chemotherapy. To evaluate the specific ...
Durvalumab is a human monoclonal antibody (mAb) of the immunoglobulin G1 kappa subclass that inhibits binding of Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) and is being developed by AstraZeneca/Med...
A costimulatory B7 antigen that has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 RECEPTOR. It is closely-related to CD274 antigen; however, its expression is restricted to DENDRITIC CELLS and activated MACROPHAGES.
An inhibitory T-lymphocyte receptor that has specificity for CD274 ANTIGEN and PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 LIGAND 2 PROTEIN. Signaling by the receptor limits T cell proliferation and INTERFERON GAMMA synthesis. The receptor also may play an essential role in the regulatory pathway that induces PERIPHERAL TOLERANCE.
The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
An inhibitory B7 antigen that has specificity for the T-CELL receptor PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH 1 PROTEIN. CD274 antigen provides negative signals that control and inhibit T-cell responses and is found at higher than normal levels on tumor cells, suggesting its potential role in TUMOR IMMUNE EVASION.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...