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The contributions of Executive Function (EF) to academic achievement in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are not well understood. Academic achievement and its association with EF is described in 32, 9-year-old children with ASD. EF at age 6 and 9, and academic achievement at age 9 were assessed as part of a larger longitudinal study. Better performance on a Spatial Reversal task but not A-not-B with Invisible Displacement at age 6 was associated with better math achievement at age 9. No relationship was found between these EF measures at age 6 and reading or spelling achievement at age 9. Future studies are needed to explore whether improving early EF skills can increase math achievement in children with ASD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of autism and developmental disorders
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Student’s unsuccessful attempt at academic achievement or a marked inadequacy in the areas of scholarship or study. This is not underachievement which is performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
A cognitive disorder characterized by an impaired ability to comprehend written and printed words or phrases despite intact vision. This condition may be developmental or acquired. Developmental dyslexia is marked by reading achievement that falls substantially below that expected given the individual's chronological age, measured intelligence, and age-appropriate education. The disturbance in reading significantly interferes with academic achievement or with activities of daily living that require reading skills. (From DSM-IV)
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.
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