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The isolation of pentose-assimilating yeasts and their xylose fermentation potential.

08:00 EDT 26th August 2017 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The isolation of pentose-assimilating yeasts and their xylose fermentation potential."

For the implementation of cellulosic ethanol technology, the maximum use of lignocellulosic materials is important to increase efficiency and to reduce costs. In this context, appropriate use of the pentose released by hemicellulose hydrolysis could improve de economic viability of this process. Since the Saccharomyces cerevisiae is unable to ferment the pentose, the search for pentose-fermenting microorganisms could be an alternative. In this work, the isolation of yeast strains from decaying vegetal materials, flowers, fruits and insects and their application for assimilation and alcoholic fermentation of xylose were carried out. From a total of 30 isolated strains, 12 were able to assimilate 30gL(-1) of xylose in 120h. The strain Candida tropicalis S4 produced 6gL(-1) of ethanol from 56gL(-1) of xylose, while the strain C. tropicalis E2 produced 22gL(-1) of xylitol. The strains Candida oleophila G10.1 and Metschnikowia koreensis G18 consumed significant amount of xylose in aerobic cultivation releasing non-identified metabolites. The different materials in environment were source for pentose-assimilating yeast with variable metabolic profile.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brazilian journal of microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
ISSN: 1678-4405
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