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We previously reported that the innate sensing of the endosymbiont Leishmania RNA virus 1 (LRV1) within Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis through Toll-like receptor 3, worsens the pathogenesis of parasite infection in mice. The presence of LRV1 has been associated with the failure of first-line treatment in patients infected with LRV1 containing -L. guyanensis and -L. braziliensis parasites. Here, we established a semi-automated image-based high-throughput drug screening (HTDS) protocol to measure parasiticidal activity of the Prestwick chemical library in primary murine macrophages infected with LRV1-containing L. guyanensis. The two-independent screens generated 14 hit compounds with over sixty-nine percent reduction in parasite growth compared to control, at a single dose in both screens. Our screening strategy offers great potential in the search for new drugs and accelerates the discovery rate in the field of drug repurposing against Leishmania. Moreover, this technique allows the concomitant assessment of the effect of drug toxicity on host cell number.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition)
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