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Benefited from the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing, genome editing, DNA synthesis and functional genomics, synthetic genomics gains the momentum in this century. The entire genomes of several viruses and one prokaryote have been chemically synthesized and applied to drive normal cellular processes. The first eukaryotic genome synthesis project (Sc2.0) is on-going and about half of the genome has been synthesized and functionally tested. The Human Genome Project-Write (HGP-Write) was proposed in 2016, which pushes the tide of synthetic genomics to a position we have never seen before. Technologies on genome-scale design and DNA synthesis have been rapidly developed, aiming to construct a more predictable and controllable genome at reasonable cost. The generation of synthetic organisms not only has promising applications for industry, environment, healthy and basic researches, but also raises ethic and policy concerns. This review presents the development of synthetic genomics, with emphasis on technologies for whole genome design, synthesis and assembly. We also discussed ethics, prospective and challenge in synthetic genomics. As one of the major branches in synthetic biology, synthetic genomics is still at its infant stage. A lot of excitement will come in the next few years.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
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A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.
An approach, process, or methodology which emphasizes credible evidence and the best available scientific knowledge, judiciously integrated to achieve the best possible outcomes in structural design. For example, the design of a new OUTPATIENT CLINIC might incorporate a review of published research on outpatient clinic design, decisions on similar past projects, along with interviews with staff and consumers.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...